Literary Terms • Single Effect: the belief that a short story should be constructed to achieve “a certain unique or single effect.” Every character, incident, detail should contribute to this effect. • Gothic style: -traditionally deals with a terror of the soul. -The story is set in bleak or remote places -The plot involves macabre or violent incidents. -Characters are in psychological and/or physical torment. -A supernatural or otherworldly element is often present. • Symbols: anything that stands for, or represents, something else. An object that serves as a symbol has its own meaning, but it can also represent abstract ideas. • Allegory: A story or tale with two or more levels of meaning—a literal level and one or more symbolic levels. The events, setting, and characters in an allegory are symbols for ideas or qualities.
Literary Terms • Alliteration-the repetition of sounds at the beginning of words in the same or adjacent lines • EX: as wild and woolly, threatening throngs • Assonance-repetition of vowels in the same or adjacent lines • EX: as in stony and holy, fine and whine • Consonance-repetition of consonants, especially at the end of stressed syllables • EX: as in the final sounds of stroke and luck, blank and think • Internal Rhyme-rhyme between a word within a line and another either at the end of the same line or within another line • EX: "the grains beyond age, the dark veins of her mother" • Now, Jenny and me were engaged, you see • On the eve of a fancy ball • So a kiss or two is nothing to you • Or anyone else at all.
Practice 1. Rollercoaster emotions Have torn me apart And there is a restless ocean Deep in my heart 2. Keyboard clicks quietly 3. when furnaces burn 4. It beats as it sweeps and cleans 5. A stroke of luck 6. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers 7. I must confess that in my quest I felt depressed and restless 8. Of the tribe which describe with a jibe the perversions of Justice—
Characters/Narrator • Who is the narrator? What tone does he set? • What is odd about the encounter with the raven? • What unique or single effect is Poe attempting to create?