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ERTMS on the EU core network by 2015, 2020, 2030 strategic (pragmatic) approach I. Vandoorne UIC conference 2014
It's time to deploy ! Specifications are there
…… Law SERA Reduction of costs (OPEX, LCC,…) Compliantequipment funding Deployment Stable specs and strong change control mngt financing incentives Obsolescence of the legacysystems Safety incident/ accident National efficiency Congested route
Migration is a challenge for all parties involved
EU strategy = imposing a minimum pace along corridors and improving the conditions Underlying idea = ERTMS will not help RU making business if locomotives are still stuck at the borders for other reasons : no good path allocation, no harmonised train length, no harmonised operational rules, impossibility to reach terminals, bottlenecks etc.
ERTMS Corridors RailFreightCorridorsRegulation 913/2010 from a technologicalview to a business view
To a multimodal view:the 9 core network corridors(Schematic indicative map as provided for under Art 44(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013)
Implementation of Trans-European Network for Transport (TEN-T) Policy framework: TEN-T Regulation Financial framework: Connecting Europe Facility (2014–2020)
TEN – basic requirements for rail • Comprehensive network (by 2050) • ERTMS • Electrification Core network (by 2030) • full electrification • freight lines: at least 22.5 t axle load, 100 km/h line speed and train length of 740 m; • full deployment of ERTMS; • nominal track gauge for new railway lines: 1435 mm
ERTMS Deployment Deadlines • 2015 - EDP • 2020 - EDP • 2030 - TEN • 2050 - TEN
Corridors and coordinators for implementation • European Coordinators to chair the corridors • European Coordinators will support Member States and project promoters to reach the best benefit from all investments • During the implementation: focus will be given on cross-border projects, interoperability and inter-modality • work plan for each corridor will be drawn up • Corridor Forum and working groups • Core Network Corridors and Rail Freight Corridors have been realigned
Funding and financing - CEF • Budget for transport: €26.2 billion for TEN-T • •€14.9bn available to all Member States • •€11.3bn to be transferred from the Cohesion Fund, To be allocated exclusively to projects in Cohesion Fund eligible Member States • To be spent via: Grants and Innovative financial instruments • 80 – 85 % of available budget for pre-identified projects • •4 horizontal priorities (including ERTMS) • •9 core network corridors • •and other important cross-border and bottleneck sections • 15 – 20 % for other projects of the core and comprehensive networks and for financial instruments
ERTMS deployment under the CEF • Co-funding rates • up to 50% for studies for ERTMS • up to 50% for land-based and for on-board components • CEF support to ERTMS to be focused on Core Network and Corridors • Cohesion Fund and ERDF to support deployment on comprehensive network • For on-board equipment, focus on • •Innovative financial instruments • •Deployment of Baseline 3 and upgrade towards B3 • •Corridors, in parallel with ground deployment
Financial instruments under the CEF – How? • •Implementation by financial partners (EIB) in accordance with Financial Regulation • •Possible combination of innovative financial instruments and grants to optimise the impact of financing • •Possibility for MS (directly or through Structural Funds), other EU funds and/or investors to top up the CEF financial instruments
ERTMS Differentiated Track Access Charges • Article 32 of Directive 2012/34/EU: the infrastructure charges of the ERTMS corridors have to be differentiated to give incentives to equip trains with ERTMS. • Support study launched for the his impact assessment in December 2013. Consultation ongoing, incl. stakeholders hearing • Ideas: • The infrastructure manager is financed by the government when it provides the rebate to equipped trains. • Combination of a bonus-malus system. Discounts provided by the infrastructure manager to the railway undertaking with equipped trains could be financed by malus inflicted on undertakings with non-equipped rolling stock. • Only malus for non-equipped rolling stock and use of additional revenue to finance the equipment of rolling stock.
Priorities for 2014 • Stronger deployment coordination and monitoring; • addressing delays; • focusing on interoperability and cross-border issues; • discipline is applied for the management of ERTMS specifications; • discipline and transparency are applied to demonstrate compliance with the specifications (to facilitate the verification and authorisation processes); • preparing the ERTMS deployment on core network corridors; The 2014 report of the ERTMS coordinator will in effect be the 2030 ERTMS roadmap; • CEF call 2014; • Working on the innovative financing instruments; • Impact assessment and draft measure on ERTMS diff. TAC.