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Beginning of Argentine Science in Antarctica. Comandante Luis Piedra Buena. Isla Pavon shelter. · 1833 Piedra Buena born in Carmen de Patagones · 1859 Built up his shelter in Isla Pavon, Patagonia · 1860 Isla Pavon shelter is visited by the English expedition of Muster

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beginning of argentine science in antarctica
Beginning of Argentine Science in Antarctica

Comandante Luis Piedra Buena

Isla Pavon shelter

· 1833 Piedra Buena born in Carmen de Patagones

· 1859 Built up his shelter in Isla Pavon, Patagonia

· 1860 Isla Pavon shelter is visited by the English expedition of Muster

· 1862 Built up a shelter in Isla de los Estados

Musters Expedition

slide2

· 1862 Built up a shelter in Isla de los Estados

· 1874 With the "Cuter Luisito" rescued Dr. Hanson (German) expedition when his sheep "Eagle" sunk.

· 1882 He Is designed by the Instituto Geográfico Argentino member of the joint expedition "Patagonia Meridional" with Giácomo Bove (Italy)

· 1883, August 10 Piedra Buena death

· 1884 The Light House "San Juan de Salvamento" is installed in Isla de los Estados.

Light house “San Juan de Salvamento”

Cuter “Luisito”

the belgium expedition 1897 1899 onset of international scientific cooperation in antarctica
The Belgium Expedition 1897 -1899: Onset of International Scientific Cooperation in Antarctica

Gerlache’s crue at Light house “San Juan de Salvamento”

Adrien de Gerlache

· 1895 London (U.K.) VI Geographic International Congress recommend to investigate the Antarctic Continent

· 1897 "Belgica" under Adrien de Gerlache conduction left Antwerp harbour in Belgium.

· 1898 left San Juan de Salvamento Light House with direction to Antarctica

· 1898 Belgica is trapped in he pack ice.

· 1899 Belgica can sail free of ice

· 1899 reach Punta Arenas (Chile)

sobral argentine presence in great antarctic expeditions
Sobral, Argentine Presence in Great Antarctic Expeditions

Alferez José María Sobral

· 1899 Berlin (Germany) VII Geographic International Congress and the Antarctic expeditions: Robert Scott (U.K:), Erich Von Drygalski (Germany) and Otto Nordenskjold (Sweden).

· 1900 Germany asked Argentina the development of a Scientific Station in Isla de los Estados.

· 1901 The "Antarctic" left from Buenos Aires.

Dr. Otto Nordenskjold

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· 1902 The "Antarctic" sunk.

· 1903 The Argentine schooner "Uruguay" rescued Nordenskjold expedition.

Sinking of the “Antarctic”

Schooner “Uruguay”

Rescued Nordenskjold expedicionaries at Snow Hill

orcadas station the oldest all over the world
Orcadas Station, the Oldest all over the World

·1902 Beginning of the Dr. William S. Bruce's Antarctic Scottish Expedition on board of "Scottia". Trapped in the ice at south of Laurie Island (South Orkney) they constructed the Omond House.

·1903 Robert Mossman, born in Edimburgh, member of the expedition, installed a magnetic and climatologic observatory in Omond House.

·1904 This construction was acquired by Argentina. The agreement was signed on February 22 by the Argentine President, General Julio A. Roca, and Dr. Bruce. Mossman continued his activities at Laurie Island as Chief of the First Scientific Argentine Expedition.

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·1905 Mossman came back to Argentina from Antarctica. He got the Argentine nationality and start to work for the Argentine Meteorological Office were he carried out climatic studies in the southern region and its relationship with Antarctic

·1918 Mossman receives the Gold Medal from the Scottish Real Society of Edinburg for his work in climatology

·1940 Robert Mossman deceased in Buenos Aires