Research and Advisory Board MeetingNational Consortium on Remote Sensing in TransportationEnvironmental AssessmentAugust 26-27, 2003 • Tuesday, 26 August 2003 • 2:30 Welcome & Introductions – Roger King, Director, NCRST-E2:45 Review of program 3:00 Transportation Corridor Workshop Recap and Discussion5:00 Wrap-Up5:30 Catfish Dinner • Wednesday, 27 August 20037:30 Continental Breakfast8:15 Welcome, Introductions, and Agenda Review8:25 Agenda Review8:30 Multimodal Vulnerability -- Case Study in Pipeline Vulnerability and Ecosystem Response (Gunnar Olson)9:00 Intergraph RRL Presentation9:15 Future Research Directions: Setting the Stage (KT and Roger)9:50 Break10:10 Industry Directions and Needs: Project Opportunities -- Z/I Imaging (Phil Kern)10:30 Industry Directions and Needs: Project Opportunities -- RESOURCE21 (Tom Koger)10:50 Industry Directions and Needs: Project Opportunities -- SimWright (Lonnie Hearne)11:10 Industry Directions and Needs: Project Opportunities -- HSA (Gay Smith)11:30 Industry Directions and Needs: Project Opportunities -- GeoKnowledge Group (Karen Schuckman)11:50 Industry Directions and Needs: Project Opportunities -- Intergraph and Keigan Systems (Orlando McDowelle)12:10 Lunch (Barbeque -- Please email Chuck with your preference of pork, chicken or vegetarian) 1:15 Future Research Discussions -- (Chuck O'Hara, Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz, Charlotte Coker) • Deploying RSSI in Transportation Corridor Impact Assessment and Planning • Decision Support Systems and Analysis Tools • Policy and Data Products • 2:00 Background: The CSX Relocation EIS Project – K. Thirumalai and Claiborne Barnwell2:15 Break2:30 Distributed Learning Seminar: Remote Sensing and the CSX Railroad Relocation EIS Project3:20 Industry Directions and Needs: Project Opportunities -- DMJM + Harris (Barry Brupbacher)3:40 Discussion: Research Deployment Activities for NCRST-E -- Advisory Committee Input 4:40 Action Items, Plans, and Follow Up Tasks5:00 Finish
Geospatial Information for Corridor Analysis and PlanningGICAP 2002Radisson Hotel, Memphis, Tennessee7-9 August, 2002 Presentation Session 1: High Priority and Special System Corridors David Ekern: Context Sensitive Design, A Role for Remote Sensing Presentation Session 2: NAFTA Corridor (I-69) EPA Region 4: Streamlining the NEPA Process, A Collaborative Effort Benefits of a Regional Remote Sensing Database Presentation Session 3: Mississippi I-10 Corridor and CSX Rail Relocation EIS, DMJM + Harris: Remote Sensing and the CSX Railroad Relocation EIS MDOT Corridor Analysis Major Projects Presentation Session 4: Corridor Working Session Alaska Transportation Corridors: Current Status and Proposed Expansions Fast-Track Utility Corridor Mapping Presentation Session 5: Future Directions in Data and Applications Virginia Future Directions Interoperability Future Directions in Transportation Application of Remote Sensing/GIS Breakout Session: Technical and Operational Challenges and Opportunities Breakout Session: Institutional and Policy Challenges and Opportunities Breakout Session: Economic Challenges and Opportunities Breakout Session: Technology Outreach Directions Breakout Session: Educational/Training Outreach Directions Breakout Session: Research and Development Directions Summary and Wrap Up
CONTEXT SENSITIVE DESIGNA Role for Remote Sensing GICAP 2002 WORKSHOP August 8, 2002 David S. Ekern, P.E. - Assistant Commissioner Minnesota Department of Transportation
DEFINING SUCCESS • Creating a project which will leave a lasting positive impact on the people it serves and the area it affects. • A philosophy defining success as being in harmony with the community and the environment.
SUCCESSFUL PROJECTELEMENTS • Community Acceptance • Environmental Compatibility • Engineering and Functional Credibility • Financial Feasibility
Visionary Leadership/ Attitude of Excellence Personal Perseverance Planning with Public Involvement Creative Funding Attitude Integration of Experts Flexible/Innovative Design Learning from Success and Failure Sharing the Results MAKING SUCCESSHAPPEN
USING THE TOOLS • PLANNING • Department Strategic Plan • District Long Range Corridor Plans • Performance Goals/Targets • FUNDING • Area Transportation Partnerships • TECHNOLOGY • CAD • Remote Sensing
FASTER-CHEAPER-BETTER • Internal Re-engineering • Streamlining the Conventional Model • Innovations in Contracting • Utilizing the Private Sector • Partnering • Cooperative Relationships • Public/Public • Public/Private
Project Goals Identify High Priority Ecological Areas Identify Potential Mitigation Areas Streamline NEPA process
Eco-Hub Eco-Hub Ecological Cost Surface Analysis Find the best “ecological pathway” between the hubs. Urban areas Agriculture
Benefits of New Approach • Better Partnerships and Communication • Better Analyses Earlier in Process – Higher Quality Work • Shared Baseline Data Early in Process leads to: • Avoidance of Project Delays • Early Identification of Key Eco Issues • Avoidance of Duplicated Efforts • Supporting EIS info meets Agency Expectations • Quicker Turnaround and Timely EIS Reviews • Baseline data for future projects
BENEFITS OF A REGIONAL REMOTE SENSING / GIS DATA BASE Tools to help us to make better decisions, save time and money in planning and developing Transportation Projects.
BENEFITS OF A REGIONAL REMOTE SENSING / GIS DATA BASE • Use Available Imagery from Public Archives accessible via World Wide Web where possible • Avoid Redundant Data Acquisition if possible • Coordinate Between Agencies to Acquire New Data For Multiple Uses with one Flight Plan • Analyze Data Using Automated Image Classification Systems • Store Data in Web Retrievable Formats • Collect and store prepared data layers • Revise Imagery on Routine Cycle
BENEFITS OF A REGIONAL REMOTE SENSING / GIS DATA BASE Information available to State DOTs, FHWA, EPA, Corps of Engineers, TVA, USGS, USFS, NPS, etc. Information centralized with easy on-line retrieval Proposed information for support of multiple studies Synoptic view medium resolution satellite imagery High resolution (1-meter) satellite imagery Prepared products: Theme maps Contour maps Flood zone maps, etc. More intensive data for special study areas Multispectral imagery and Lidar elevational data
new high-resolution satellites high-altitude airborne sensors low-altitude airborne sensors State GIS Archives The Internet, the World-Wide-Web, and Public Data Sources These technologies support Applications in Transportation Development, Environmental Conservation, and Natural Resource Management GPS for location digital cameras digital image processing and distribution A Regional Data Base Is A Solution To A Recognized Concern “One of the Biggest Difficulties in Using Remote Sensing and GIS is Getting the Right Data, in the Right Format, at the Right Time” There is a convergence of accessible technologies:
Imagery Acquisition May RequireMulti-agency Partnering • Imagery acquisition costs may be reduced by multi-agency partnerships • National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) and • USGS Geospatial Data Clearinghouse • Partnerships may be: • State/Federal • In-state • Multi-state • Consortia • Partnering involves costs and trade-offs; • Cooperation required on image scale, format, dates, etc.
Once Imagery Received, It Must Be Processed to Be Useful • Imagery is unlike tabular Census Bureau data • “Value-added” operations required to produce useful information: land use mapping or geo-information requires interpretation • May not have required technical skills within existing staff • Imagery processing may require new computer software/hardware
Strategies for Overcoming the Barriers • Training and Continued Education • Outreach programs to assist in technology transfer • Vendors need to highlight and promote transportation applications • Research funding to promote applications • Transportation professionals need to document and publish results of applications
Future Uses of Imagery New sources of high-resolution imagery can provide valuable information concerning: • Socio-economic characteristics • demographics • travel demand and forecasting • Natural environmental conditions • Infrastructure inventory/management • AND, with other information: • property values • R-O-W analysis • construction impacts • vegetation species classification
BENEFITS OF A REGIONAL REMOTE SENSING / GIS DATA BASE • Use Remote Sensing Imagery and Data to: • Save Money • Save Time • Make and Support Better Decisions • Better Communicate Decisions, Criteria, and Tradeoffs to Public and Customers
What are our Tasks? What data do we need and in what sequence?
Our No. 1 Task is to begin recording constraints and possible alignments. We cannot prepare an Environmental Impact Statement without a physical description of the project. The No. 1 item that we need is a digital image of the corridor under study.
The No. 2 item that we need would be contours at intervals of 5 feet or less. In Remote Sensing terms, we need a digital terrain model as soon as possible.
What other data is needed as soon as possible? The existing roadway traffic counts, intersections and links, and the most up-to-date forecasts Similar data for other modes Land Use, especially to determine sensitive noise and air receptors Wetlands Floodplains Water Quality Air Quality Ambient Noise Environmental Justice
Continued… Recreation and other public lands, especially Section 6(f) properties. Cultural Resources and other Section 4(f) properties Public Facilities Farmland Floral and Faunal Habitats Existing Hazardous sites And more…
How do we usually obtain this data? Local, State, and Federal resource agencies Environmental documents for recent projects in the area Original Research, usually by specialist sub-consultants
ALASKA TRANSPORTATION CORRIDORS CURRENT STATUS & PROPOSED EXPANSIONS
Alaska Transportation Projects • Past • Alaska Railroad • Alaska Highway • Parks Highway • TAPS & Dalton Highway • Fiber Optics • Future • ANGTS • ARR Extension
Hurdles for Transportation Development • Land Status • National Interest • Economic Justification • Lack of Modern Corridor Analysis
NCRST-E GICAP 2002 Workshop Future Directions in Data and Applications Dan Widner Virginia Department of Transportation
Future Directions in Data and Applications Highlight Two Efforts in Spatial Data Development and Associated Applications • Virginia Base Mapping Project • I-81/I-77 Interchange Visualizations
Virginia Base Mapping Program • Wireless E 911 Board funded • Fly entire state in Spring 2002 • Products: • True color digital orthos at 3 scales • “break lines” for hydrography data set • Digital Terrain Model • VDOT centerlines, Orthos, DTM, hydrography and address file supply statewide base map data for future spatial data development
Planimetrics & Cadastre R-1 Stakeholder Driven Guidelines, Standards, and Leadership guide local government data development R-2 R-15 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 41 42 43 44 36 Hydrography Addresses – E 911 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 41 42 43 44 36 VDOT Street Centerline ² ² ² ² ² Digital Orthophoto Base Digital Orthophotography Base Imagery
I-81/I77 Interchange Visualizations • Desire to use spatial data and GIS tools to provide accurate and realistic visualization of a construction project. • Provided by Prof. Randy Dymond, Virginia Tech University, Civil and Environmental Engineering GIS (CEEGIS)
How Geospatial Interoperability can enable NCRST-E Myra Bambacus Program Manager Geospatial Interoperability Office NASA ESE Applications Division
Geospatial Interoperability Enabling Citizens and Communities Applications Tools & Technology Private Public Interoperability Earth Collecting Data Digital Resources
Geographic Imagery Vision • Imagery is dominant form of geographic info • Archives approaching petabyte; ingesting a terabyte per day • Tens of thousands of datasets, catalogued but not yet on-line • Most imagery will never be directly accessed by humans • Information communities: auto-summarization, Mining based on geographic concepts • Hurdles to moving imagery online: technical, legal, business • Existing standards for exchange of imagery • Commercialization of imagery acquisition • The ultimate challenge:to enable geographic imagery from many sources to become an integrated digital representation of the Earth widely accessible for humanities critical decisions