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Towards a Land Degradation Neutral World. DLDD* and Sustainable Development . Luc GNACADJA Executive Secretary. Berlin, 23 April 2012. DLDD = Desertification Land Degradation & Drought. Poverty Food security. What implications for. ? Sustainable Development. 70 % rural.

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towards a land degradation neutral world

Towards a Land Degradation Neutral World

DLDD*andSustainable Development

Luc GNACADJA

Executive Secretary

Berlin,

23 April 2012

DLDD = Desertification Land Degradation & Drought

what implications for

Poverty

Food security

What implications for

?

SustainableDevelopment

70% rural

in 2030 +40%

Energy

Water

80% hunger rural

+50% in 2030

Water in Agric70%

in 2030 +40%

For Agricult-ForestsBiodiv-Settlements&Infrastructure

2030: Urbanization: to 30 million ha - Deforestation: 70 to 80 % of expansion of cropland expansion lead to deforestation 140 million to 175 million hectares

Land/Soil

dldd some facts fi gures
DLDD: Some facts & figures

?

SustainableDevelopment

  • More than 50% of agricultural moderately to severely degraded
  • LD directly affects 1,5 billion people globally
  • 75 billion tons of fertile soil disappear/year
  • 12 million ha/Year lost due to drought and desertification
  • Six million km2 of drylands bear a legacy of desertification
  • Biodiversity: 27,000 species lost each year due to LD
  • 70 to 80 % of expansion of cropland lead to deforestation +140 to 175 million ha by 2030

Food

Forest

Energy

Water

DLDD

Land/Soil

Climate Change

Biodiversity loss

slide5

Extreme Poverty

Food insecurity & Hunger

Increasedto Drought & Water stress

Increased emissions of GHG

Biodiversity Loss

Deforestation

Instability & Crises

Migrations

DLDD has far-reaching impacts

drought potential worldwide 2000 2098
Droughtpotentialworldwide 2000-2098

Source : University Corporation for AtmosphericResearch - http://www2.ucar.edu/news/2904/climate-change-drought-may-threaten-much-globe-within-decades

slide7
Climate change will depress agricultural yields in most countries by 2050 given current agricultural practices and crop varieties

Changes in agricultural productivity by 2050 due to Climate change

Source: Müller and others 2009. in WDR 2010, Page 145

Note: The figure shows the projected percentage change in yields of 11 major crops (wheat, rice, maize, millet, field pea, sugar beet, sweet potato, soybean, groundnut, sunflower, and rapeseed) from 2046 to 2055, compared with 1996–2005. The values are the mean of three emission scenarios across five global climate models, assuming no CO2 fertilization (see note 54). Large negative yield impacts are projected in many areas that are highly dependent on agriculture

the real value of drylands
The real value of Drylands
  • Area: more than 40% of the world land mass
  • Population: 38% of the 7 billion of people living
  • Food:
    • 44% of the World’s food production system
    • 50% of the World’s livestock
  • Forest: Dry forests makes 42% of the earth's tropical and subtropical open or closed forests
  • Biodiversity: Drylands, home to the world’s largest diversity of mammals whose survival, literally, hangs on the arid zone forests.
  • But GDP in dryland areas is 50% lower than in non-drylands
dldd climate chan ge
DLDD & Climate Change
  • The % of Earth’s land area stricken by serious drought has more than doubled from the 1970s to the early 2000s
  • Climate change will depress agricultural yields by up to 15-50% in most countries by 2050, given current agricultural practices and crop varieties
  • Agriculture worldwide accounts for around 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions. The related deforestation contributes about 11%
  • “Improved management of the world’s land (including terrestrial carbon) represents one third of the overall global abatement potential in 2030 (and a half in 2020)1. It represents 7Gt CO2e of mitigation in developing countries in 2020, roughly 40% of the 17Gt CO2e of mitigation required globally”

No Carbon neutrality without Land degradation neutrality

slide10

Source: World Resources Institute, South Dakota State University, the IUCN and the Global Partnership on Forest Landscape Restoration - http://www.wri.org/map/global-map-forest-landscape-restoration-opportunities

slide11

Cost of Action Vs Inaction

The Economics of Land Degradation

a zero net rate of land degradation is within reach
A Zero Net Rate of Land Degradationiswithinreach

Status & Trends in Global Land Degradation

Source: SOLAW 2011 - FAO

slide13

The UNCCD

  • Environment & Development Convention with a focus on aridsemi-arid & subhumid areas
  • Entered into force on 26 December 1996
  • Ratified by 195 Parties
  • 5 geographical Annexes (RAPs and SRAPs)
  • 98 National Action Programmes (NAPs)
  • 164 Affected Parties
the unccd strategic objectives
The UNCCD Strategic Objectives

To generate Global Benefits

3

2

To improve the Conditions of affected Ecosystems

1

To improve the Livelihood of Affected Populations

To mobilize resourcesthrough building effective partnerships among all stakeholders

4

*SLM = Sustainable Land Management

slide15

For a SDG on Land @ Rio + 20

Reversing

Land Degradation

Sustainable land use for all and by all (in agriculture, forestry, energy, urbanization

Land

Degradation Neutral World

Food

  • Targets:
  • ZNLD by 2030
  • ZNFD by 2030
  • Drought preparedness in all droughts prone countries by 2020

Forest

Gender

Migration

Energy

Water

Improving Livelihoods

SLM

Efficiency

Resilience

Inclusiveness

Improving Ecosystems

DLDD

Land/Soil

Climate Change

Biodiversity loss

an h istorical f act
An HistoricalFact

Mankind is a Desert-making Species

‘ForestsprecedecivilizationDesertsfollowthem’

We must build a land degradation neutral world

slide17

Poverty eradication

    • Improving livelihood through pro-poor policies on Sustainable Land & Water Management
  • Food Security
    • Preserving the resource base for food security – Land productivity/Soil fertility improvement at the core of all long term strategies
  • Drought & Water stress
    • Improving water availability & quality through sustainable land & water management
  • Climate change
    • Land is a win-win context for adaptation, mitigation & resilience building
  • Biodiversity
    • Biodiversity conservation through improvement of land ecosystems’ conditions

LD Neutrality

  • Avoided Deforestation
    • Sust. Land Management & Restoration of degraded Lands as an alternative to Deforestation
  • Bio Energies
    • Opportunities for Bio energies through biomass production
  • Avoiding Forced Migrations
    • Changing the DAM paradigm
    • “Degrade-Abandon-Migrate”