To have and to hold: Exploring the personal archive. Joseph ‘Jofish’ Kaye, Janet Vertesi Shari Avery, Allan Dafoe, Shay David, Lisa Onaga, Ivan Rosero, & Trevor Pinch. Introduction.
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Joseph ‘Jofish’ Kaye, Janet VertesiShari Avery, Allan Dafoe, Shay David, Lisa Onaga, Ivan Rosero, & Trevor Pinch
To design better technologies to support archiving activities in a digital arena we have to understand personal archiving as a human practice, not just information retrieval
Henderson, CHI’04: Desktops
Jones et. al., CHI’05: Folders
Whittaker & Sidner, CHI’96: Email
Bellotti et. al., DIS’02: Email, info
Ducheneaut & Bellotti, interactions ’01: email habitat
Whittaker & Hirschberg, ToCHI’01: personal paper archives
Voida et. al., CHI’05: iTunes
Archiving occurs across
An ongoing practice of
“If there ever were a fire, I would grab this folder right here.”
Influences entire structure of the archive
Values for archiving affect the choices you make about document storage
What happens when you can’t back up?
“How do you back up a protein? How do you keep a moth alive? How do you keep a cancer cell from growing?”
“I never expected to experience such a strong emotional reaction to the loss of my archive… After we had survived the first chaotic weeks I had a feeling of emptiness and deprivation and I felt very fragile. Working in our new, temporary, office I felt a big empty space behind my back (the place where my books used to be) and I felt cut off from the past and uncertain about the future. It is the first time in my life I experienced such a strong attachment to things. Talking with friends and family I realized that books are an important part of my identity as an academic scholar.”
Archiving as an expression and crafting of identity
Projected out to the world and back at the individual.
Goffman: identity kit, tokens, the visible personal.
Voida et. al.: iTunes
Everyone we interviewed used both digital & analog
Different tools appropriated or neglected as necessary
Reproduction of similar values from analog to digital
Hyper-use: Choose one tool to solve a particular problem and extend:
filing boxes, cabinets…
applies to digital space: emails, bookmarks, etc.
These values provide criteria for judging the personal archive’s success
Our forty-eight subjects, Phoebe Sengers, Amy Voida, Geoff Bowker, the Culturally Embedded Computing Group and the Science & Technology Studies Department, Cornell University.