Judaism The faith practiced by Jesus
Daily Practices -Recite the Shema, the main commandment, every morning and evening Hear, O Israel! The Lord Is our God, the Lord alone! Therefore, you shall love The Lord, your God, with All your heart and with All your soul, and with all your strength. -touching the mezuzah when entering or leaving a house; it was a little box containing the Shema that was kept on the right post of a doorway
Signs of Faith -during prayer, devout men wore prayer shawls (tallits) on head and phylacteries on their foreheads and arms (phylacteries are boxes containing scripture passages that are strapped to the head as a sign of intellectual loyalty and to the hand as a reminder to serve God with all one’s might) -Yarmulkes were worn after the time of Jesus as a sign of reverence to God
Jewish Feast Days Hanukkah Passover Held at the end of spring to remember the Exodus when Moses led the Jews out of slavery in Eygpt • Eight-day festival to remember a fight for religious freedom against the Syrians and the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C.
Jewish Feast Days Pentecost Rosh Hashana Jewish New Year; begins 10-day period of reflection that ends with Yom Kippur • Marks the gift of the Ten Commandments and offers thanksgiving for the harvest
Yom Kippur The holiest day of the Jewish year, Yom Kippur is a day of atonement and repentance. Jewish people generally mark this solemn day with 25 hours of fasting, intensive prayer, and time at the synagogue.
Tabernacles (Sukkot) The fall Jewish feast to recall the time when the Israelites lived in tents in the desert.
Sabbath -the Lord’s Day, a day of rest, Saturday Activities begin on Friday night at sunset and continue until three stars are visible in the sky on Saturday night (25 hours) -Considered holier than Yom Kippur and centers around rest, holiness, and joy; Jews spend time with family and friends, rest, and pray -three rituals lighting the candles to bring light to the darkness and remind Jews to bring light to the nations Saying the Kiddush over wine; performed by the father; kiddush means sanctification; read from Genesis 1:31-2:3 Reciting the HaMotzi over challah—a prayer of thanksgiving; bread is passed to all with salt, which was required of sacrifices in the temple