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Discussant Comments. Timothy A. Judge (Kindly delivered by Reeshad Dalal) 27 April 2007. Work and Home Boundaries. Boundary between work and home become more permeable Dual career couples predominate and gender roles becoming more egalitarian

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discussant comments

Discussant Comments

Timothy A. Judge

(Kindly delivered by Reeshad Dalal)

27 April 2007

work and home boundaries
Work and Home Boundaries
  • Boundary between work and home become more permeable
    • Dual career couples predominate and gender roles becoming more egalitarian
    • Increasing professionalism of labor force (no “punch in, punch out” time)
    • Technological changes (always “plugged in”)
  • Upshot: Our work and home lives are becoming more intertwined
    • Symposium is on important topic
  • Papers in this symposium use relatively cognitive concepts in study affective spillover
    • Attention restoration theory (Menta & Weiss)
    • Recovery experiences (Sonnentag et al.; Fritz et al.)
    • Cognitive weariness (Lam et al.)
  • All use experience-sampling methodology
    • Has become modus necessarium of studying moods and emotions
problems and limitations
Problems and Limitations
  • One paradox – if affect is important but (almost by nature) effects are temporally bound – are long-term effects nil?
  • Measurement problems
    • Separating measures of moods from emotions
    • Measuring specific emotions
      • Although measuring moods on a daily basis is probably accurate, what about emotions (which are very brief)?
  • Causality issues: Does affect lead to – or result from – cognitive concepts?
where from here
Where from Here?
  • There is very little to criticize in these papers
  • In thinking about them, I was more often struck by what they did well, but also by what is not being studied
  • So, I have a few slides of issues I think we should consider in future research…
future research i
Future Research I
  • Given that many households are dual-income, family structural decisions may be important to work-home life boundaries
    • Impact of partner’s mood – or resources – on our moods at work or at home
  • Determine duration of spillover effects, including effects on behaviors
    • Important (but quite difficult) to use independent sources for behaviors @ level-1
future research ii
Future Research II
  • Important to change measurement strategy
    • Finer: more than 1-2 times per day
    • Coarser: over longer time periods (weeks rather than days)
  • Affective forecasting
    • People overestimate the duration and amplitude of positive (negative) emotions generated by positive (negative) events
    • Implications for work events?
coarser long term view
Coarser (Long-term) View

Happiness is highest in tails

Happiness is

lowest here

Source: Gilbert, D. (2006). Stumbling on happiness. New York: Knopf.

future research iii last one
Future Research III (last one!)

By far the greatest impediment and aberration of the human understanding arises from…those things which strike the sense outweigh those which, although they may be more important, do not strike it directly (Bacon, 1620)

  • If we focus on daily experiences, we may ignore…
    • Subconscious, which is enjoying renewed interest
      • Unstudied in IO (though see Stajkovic, Locke, & Blair, JAP, 2006)
    • The degree to which emotional experiences are constructed based on salient vs. lasting
      • Seligman argues that if we focus on improving emotional experience, we have painted ourselves into a corner because it has, by definition, no lasting impact
      • Do what degree do, and should, employers attend to emotional experiences of employees?
the end

The End

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