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Climate. What is the difference between Climate and Weather. Weather-day-to-day state of the atmosphere in a region Climate-how the atmosphere "behaves" over relatively long periods of time. . Factors That Effect Climate. LOWERN. L atitude. Latitude.

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What is the difference between climate and weather
What is the difference between Climate and Weather

  • Weather-day-to-day state of the atmosphere in a region

  • Climate-how the atmosphere "behaves" over relatively long periods of time.



L atitude
Latitude


Latitude
Latitude

Temperature- the further from the equator (north or south), the cooler it gets

Precipitation- the closer to the poles, the lower the preciptation

Why? Cooler air holds less moisture


O cean currents
Ocean Currents


Ocean currents
Ocean Currents

  • Temperature- if they are warm it will raise the temperature along the coast and if they are cold, they will lower the temperature.

  • Precipitation- if they are warm, the climate will be wetter and if they are cold, the climate will be drier


W ind prevailing
Wind (Prevailing)

In Canada, our prevailing winds are the Westerlies, which means our weather patterns travel from west to east.


Winds
Winds

  • Temperature

    • Off water- moderate temperature s( make it more even)

    • Off land- more extreme temperatures

  • Precipitation

    • Off water- brings more moisture (makes wetter)

    • Off land- brings drier conditions


E levation
Elevation


Elevation
Elevation

  • Temperature- the higher you go the colder it gets

  • Precipitation- the higher you go the more precipitation you are likely to get


R elief
Relief


Relief
Relief

  • Temperature- moderate on ocean side and extreme on land side

  • Precipitation- side facing water(windward side) is wetter than the side facing away from the water (leeward side)

    • Why?- as the air rises up the mountain it cools and since cool air

    • cannot hold much moisture, it releases it as it rises


N ear water
N ear Water


Near water
Near Water

  • Temperature- moderated by the ocean (especially if moving inland off the ocean) so far inland areas experience more extreme temperatures

  • Precipitation- higher next to oceans, lower in areas located far inland




Arctic
Arctic zones within

Characteristics

Temperature

  • Cold winters, cool summers

    Precipitation

    -low amount(less than 50 cm)

    - snow

    What else?

    • High winds

    • Coastal areas are warmer and have heavier snow falls


West coast
West Coast zones within

Characteristics

Temperature

  • Cool summers, mild winters

    Precipitation

  • Very wet (60- 400cm precipitation)


Mountain
Mountain zones within

Characteristics

  • Very different because of the 2 mountain ranges

    Temperature

    • Temperatures tend to drop the higher you get in elevation

      Precipitation

    • Summers tend to be dry, with wetter winters


Boreal
Boreal zones within

Characteristics

Temperature

  • Temperature range is large because zone covers large area latitudinal

    Precipitation

  • Precipitation is generally low, with higher amounts in the eastern coastal areas


Prairie
Prairie zones within

Characteristics

Temperature

  • Extreme temperature range

    Precipitation

  • Generally very dry

    What else?

    • Very windy


Southeastern
Southeastern zones within

Characteristics

Temperature

  • Cool winters, warm to hot summers

    Precipitation

  • Moderate precipitation- various forms

    What else?

    • One of the major storm tracks of North America

    • Prone to highly changeable weather


Lowern explained by bill nye
LOWERN Explained by Bill Nye zones within

  • Elevation- why is it colder at higher elevations? Are you not closer to the sun?

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGNxYtT_36I

  • Wind- how is wind created?

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uBqohRu2RRk

  • Ocean Currents- what keeps ocean currents moving?

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w_8mw-1HYFg