Why use a quote? • Adds color • Adds credibility • Lets reader feel in touch with speaker • Give stories change of space • Lets readers know something important is coming
What to quote • Unique material • When someone says something unique • When something is said in a unique way • When someone important says something important • Something significant, interesting, surprising, disturbing
What not to quote • Factual information • Something that repeats something that has already been said indirectly.
Important guidelines • Be accurate • Verify information
Other techniques • Paraphrasing quotes • Partial quotes • Capturing dialect or accents
Questions to ask yourself: • Am I being fair? • Am I being accurate? • Am I distorting the meaning? • Am I changing what the speaker intended to say?
Questions for reporters • Do you correct quotes? • Do you remove redundancies? • Do you delete obscenity, profanity and vulgarity? • Do you make up quotes? • Do you check quotes with your sources?
When to attribute: • Almost always • Exceptions: • when a source has to be protected • public record • Common knowledge • Available from several sources • Easily verifiable • Makes no assumptions • Is noncontroversial
What words to use • Preferred form: “TO SAY”
Where to put attribution • If quote is more than one sentence long, put the attribution after the first sentence of the quote.
Punctuation tips • Put commas and periods inside quotation marks • Put question marks inside quotation marks if the entire statement is a question. • If one person ends the paragraph being quoted and the next paragraph starts with the same person being quoted, do not use quotes at the end of the first paragraph. • See page 89.