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Jazz in New Orleans. American Studies Music Integration. Transition from Blues to Jazz. Blues Direct, unadorned Slower, more drawn out tempos All about intensity of feeling Stayed true to traditional form and vision. Jazz Ornamentation, elaboration Faster tempos, more dance-based

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jazz in new orleans

Jazz in New Orleans

American Studies

Music Integration

transition from blues to jazz
Transition from Blues to Jazz

Blues

  • Direct, unadorned
  • Slower, more drawn out tempos
  • All about intensity of feeling
  • Stayed true to traditional form and vision

Jazz

  • Ornamentation, elaboration
  • Faster tempos, more dance-based
  • Based more on performance technique
  • Always changing and developing new forms
ragtime
Ragtime
  • Style of piano playing and a style of music
  • Pounding foundation played in the left hand and melody with harmony “acrobatics” in the right hand – it was called “ragged”
  • Form is 16 measures – AABBACCDD
  • The center of this style of music was Missouri, particularly because this was where Scott Joplin lived
scott joplin
Scott Joplin
  • Born in Texas in 1868 – his father was a former slave
  • Moved to St. Louis is the mid-1880s and made his living as a pianist in saloons and with bands
  • He wrote Maple Leaf Rag in 1897 – it was the most famous ragtime piece of its day
  • Player piano – Maple Leaf Rag
  • Wanted to be a “serious” composer and wrote an opera that was a considered a disaster
  • He was committed to the state mental hospital after the opera disaster and died there in 1917
new orleans
New Orleans
  • Center of music and nightlife was Storyville – the “red light district”
    • It was closed by the US Navy in 1917, forcing musicians and performers to find work elsewhere
    • Many of them moved north, bringing jazz with them
    • This migration brought music to Chicago and New York
new orleans musicians
New Orleans Musicians

Jelly Roll Morton – piano

  • Left New Orleans in 1908

Sidney Bechet– saxophone & clarinet

  • Left New Orleans in 1916

Joe “King” Oliver - trumpet

  • Left New Orleans in 1918

Louis Armstrong – trumpet

  • Left New Orleans in 1922
louis armstrong
Louis Armstrong

Born August 4, 1901 and died July 6, 1971

  • Brought about the shift in jazz from group improvisation to solo improvisation
  • Louis Armstrong video