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Objectives of the Working Meeting. Chris Justice Inbal Becker-Reshef University of Maryland, Department of Geography. Overarching goal of GEOGLAM is to improve operational global and national crop production estimates using EO and their dissemination

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objectives of the working meeting

Objectives of the Working Meeting

Chris Justice

Inbal Becker-Reshef

University of Maryland, Department of Geography

slide2

Overarching goal of GEOGLAM is to improve operational global and national crop production estimates using EO and

their dissemination

Outcome – an improved and more harmonized system of systems taking advantage of new satellite assets and a higher level of international coordination

GEOGLAM is basically how we implement the vision of the GEO Ag Monitoring Task

background policy relevance of geo glam
Background Policy Relevance of GEO-GLAM
  • Markets (Economic)
    • Market confidence and transparency to promote well functioning trading system
    • Inform international trade policies and strategies (trade restrictions/subsidies)
    • Guide investments and partnerships (where and in what to invest to effectively increase food output)
    • Price discovery
  • Food Aid (Humanitarian)
    • Help to identify, respond and avert food crisis
    • Mobilize timely food aid
    • Policies to support and safeguard developing countries
  • National Security
    • Food shortages can trigger civil unrest particularly in already politically unstable nations
      • 2008 food crisis triggered food riots in 40 countries
  • Long term planning and strategy (i.e. in the context of climate change & growing demand)
  • Better national monitoring systems  increased international market confidence
objectives of this working meeting 1
Objectives of this Working Meeting 1
  • Update on what we have all been doing since September to advance GEOGLAM through our various programs
  • Develop the GEOGLAM workplan (what we plan to do)
    • with enough detail to be able to assign a budget
    • with enough flexibility to allow the program to evolve (especially in the light of funding realities)
    • have a good draft written by the end of the meeting
  • Refine the proposed activities for Yrs 1-3 (should build on what is already in development)
    • Phase 1 Getting set up and demonstrating capabilities
      • Build on (enhancing) what we have in place now (current capacity) 1-3years
      • Identifying targets of opportunity (national capacity building where we have existing relationships and funding possibilities for each component)
    • Phase 2 Expanded scope
objectives of this working meeting 2
Objectives of this Working Meeting 2
  • Outline our implementation strategy
    • how will we go about implementing GEOGLAM
    • identify the priorities
    • Identify the critical implementation challenges (engaging the Nat Ag Ministries)
    • how do we secure and manage the funding
    • how to keep this issue on the G20 Ag Ministers agenda (the troika )
    • how do we structure the organization and manage the program
    • what should the governance structure be – TOR and program reporting
    • developing program milestones - plan of action for year 1
  • Strengthen our linkage to AMIS
  • Strengthen relationships with strategic partners - WMO, FAO, AGMIP. Others
  • Agree on roles and responsibilities and additional critical players
geo glam components
GEO-GLAM Components

Agricultural Expertise

(GEO CoP+)

Earth Observations

Satellite / Ground Data / Models

Meteorological

Expertise and Info

Operational Research and Development

Techniques/Methods/Best Practices

MONITORING SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS

1

Strengthening National

Capacity for Agricultural Monitoring

Coordinated Satellite and In-Situ Earth

Observations

3

Enhancing

Global Agricultural Monitoring

Systems

2

Monitoring Countries and Regions at Risk

(EWS)

Improved Reporting and Information and Timely Dissemination Systems

Condition/Area/ Yield / Statistics

AMIS

FAO STAT

Public

Govts

this meeting
This Meeting

“Consensus on portioning the implementation plan preparation work in four components as follows, tasking small groups among the proponents/AG COP to take the lead of pushing its preparation and fine tuning at the January meeting” :

  • Global Ag Monitoring System of Systems (Producers/Exporter Countries) Upgrade /Harmonization
  • Global/Regional Systems for Countries At Risk (Food Security Monitoring)
  • National Monitoring Capacity Building (enhancing National Systems)
  • Crosscutting Coordination of Satellite and In-situ Data and Information Dissemination
slide8
Component 1: Global Ag Monitoring System of Systems (Producers / Exporter Countries) Upgrade /Harmonization(Possible Contributions)
  • Phase 1. Current Global System Enhancements (yr 1-3)
    • Current system enhancement new and improved global data sets (e.g. cropping systems, phenology/crop calendar, irrigation, cropland area, crop type maps, reservoir/lake water levels) - All
    • Inter-comparison of results, understanding discrepancies, system feedback (PAY)
    • MODIS GLAM available globally (FAS/NASA/UMD)
    • Global fertilizer application dynamic spatial data base (w. FAO)
    • Generalized crop model development for global application (JRC?/AGMIP/Crop Watch )
    • Develop Supply and Demand balance 5 yr moving window (prelim estimates - IRSA)
    • Prototyping multi-satellite data acquisition coordination (through JECAM)
    • Establishing information needs and developing and testing data flows to AMIS
    • Monitoring of Ag Land Use and Production in the context of Econ Development, Climate Change and Adaptation
  • Phase 2 Next Generation Global Agricultural Monitoring utilizing satellites and expanded scope (yr 4-6)
    • Generalized global satellite based crop models
    • Develop satellite-based Supply and Demand balance database
    • Rangelands and livestock
where are the croplands
Where are the croplands?

Pittman K., Hansen M., Becker-Reshef I., Potapov P., and Justice C., (2010).

Estimating Global Cropland Extent with Multi-year MODIS Data, Remote Sensing.

crop statistics from international agencies
Crop Statistics from International Agencies

Colors indicate different agencies

Squares indicate reported

end of season estimates

Circles indicate in-season forecasts

First time estimates from international agencies are directly compared in forecasting mode

Goal is to identify agreements and disagreements to help develop best practices for different cropping systems

 improved, more reliable forecasting systems

slide11
Component 1: Global Ag Monitoring System of Systems (Producers / Exporter Countries) Upgrade /Harmonization(Possible Contributions)
  • Phase 1. Current Global System Enhancements (yr 1-3)
    • Current system enhancement new and improved global data sets (e.g. cropping systems, phenology/crop calendar, irrigation, cropland area, crop type maps, reservoir/lake water levels) - All
    • Inter-comparison of results, understanding discrepancies, system feedback (PAY)
    • MODIS GLAM available globally (FAS/NASA/UMD)
    • Global fertilizer application dynamic spatial data base (w. FAO)
    • Generalized crop model development for global application (JRC?/AGMIP/Crop Watch )
    • Develop Supply and Demand balance 5 yr moving window (prelim estimates - IRSA)
    • Prototyping multi-satellite data acquisition coordination (through JECAM)
    • Establishing information needs and developing and testing data flows to AMIS
    • Monitoring of Ag Land Use and Production in the context of Econ Development, Climate Change and Adaptation
  • Phase 2 Next Generation Global Agricultural Monitoring utilizing satellites and expanded scope (yr 4-6)
    • Generalized global satellite based crop models
    • Develop satellite-based Supply and Demand balance database
    • Rangelands and livestock
global regional systems for countries at risk food security monitoring
Global/Regional Systems for Countries At Risk (Food Security Monitoring)
  • Phase 1. Improving current systems
    • Increased in situ rainfall observations for Africa (w. WMO)
    • Other TBD - see FEWS Jim Verdin presentation w. modifications at this meeting
  • Phase 2. TBD
component national monitoring capacity building enhancing national systems
Component National Monitoring Capacity Building (enhancing National Systems)
  • Producers/Exporters/ inc. G20+ Countriesfor demonstration of capabilities, confidence building in RS results, enhancement of current systems focus on individual national needs and areas
    • Develop a rationale for targeting countries in terms of a) variability in production and b) reliability of predictions, c) market impact–d) where EO offers significant improvement e) where there is ‘national level’ interest
    • Can we develop a standard approach to identifying priorities, needs and methods and building capacity
    • Can we develop the ‘modules’ for enhancement and potential providers
    • Developing Country Capacity Building for Production Monitoring – assist in national system design and implementation (cropland mapping, area planted, ground sampling, crop condition, yield forecasting assessment, reporting) emphasis on building sustainable systems – training, hardware installation and maintenance, decision support information flows
    • Identify current ‘countries of opportunity’
    • Develop a list of targeted countries in terms of a) vulnerability, b) where EO offers significant improvement e) where there is ‘national level’ interest
component 3 national monitoring capacity building enhancing national systems
Component 3 National Monitoring Capacity Building (enhancing National Systems)
  • Phase 1:
    • Selection of countries for demonstration based on existing projects and new funding – additional countries can be added based on national and bi-lateral funding – better coordination needed.
    • Regional Econ Comms and Centers should be engaged for Countries at risk
    • For in situ observations the goal is also to establish one or two sites at the national level (cropping systems) for developing improved methods, testing and validation to include systematic collection of ground based observations as well as a focus new and experimental EO data acquisition (building on and augmenting JECAM). These sites can be used to demonstrate new capabilities of EO
  • Phase 2:
    • Expanded number of countries, cropping systems
    • JECAM intercomparisons
summary of jai s input on component 3 national capacity building
Summary of Jai’s Input on Component 3. National Capacity Building
  • Identify institutions mandated for ag stats
  • Survey of current systems status
  • Identification of trainer/trainee communities (countries and institutions)
  • Design of national programme- need based for each country, use of available best practice based on cropping systems, priorities, data availability and existing capacity

- focus on individual national needs and areas where EO offers significant improvement

  • Producer country focus: demonstration of capabilities, confidence building in RS, strengthen systems
  • Countries at risk focus: national system design and implementation, training
  • EO data flows
  • Identification of H/W, S/W and other resource needed for carrying out national monitoring programme
component 4 crosscutting coordination of satellite and in situ data and information dissemination
Component 4. Crosscutting Coordination of Satellite and In-situ Data and Information Dissemination

Overall goal is to improve availability , access to and utility of EO w. CEOS.

  • Develop coordinated international acquisition and over agricultural areas (coarse c. 1km-250m, moderate resolution c.50-30m) during the growing season with increasing temporal frequency, timeliness of delivery; standard processing and products.
  • Engage assets and push data policy issues (India, China)
  • Targeted Microwave data acquisition and distribution focus on areas of persistent cloud
  • A distributed sample of fine resolution data (1m-5m) from critical periods during the growing season
  • Improve near real time distribution /availability of rainfall estimates (with an emphasis on food security - WMO)
crosscutting coordination of satellite and in situ data and information dissemination
Crosscutting Coordination of Satellite and In-situ Data and Information Dissemination
  • Phase 1 Definition of requirements and prototyping of coordinated international acquisition (w. CEOS and private sector providers) for global agricultural area
    • Develop GEOGLAM satellite data acquisition plan (Yr 1) – workshop w. CEOS.
    • Prototyping of coordinated acquisition and distribution (Yr 2-3) w. CEOS and private sector (including IRS, Envisat, VIIRS, CBERS 3, LDCM/Sentinel, new Small Sats)
    • Establish GEOGLAM Data Policy for Food Security w. CEOS
    • Developing standards for data processing and harmonize multisource data dissemination systems– workshop
    • Standard NRT processing and products for global Ag regions from LDCM and Sentinel 2 (NASA/ESA 
  • Phase 2 Operational coordinated international acquisition (w. CEOS and private sector providers ) for global agricultural area
    • Implement coordinated global agricultural acquisition
    • Entrain new EO systems into GEOGLAM ( CEOS ) e.g. Sentinels, GPM, SMAP
    • Engage data from Small Satellites from countries with new space observation capacity and help build capability for agricultural EO
proposal outline
Proposal Outline
  • Exec Summary – 1 page
  • What is GEOGLAM trying to achieve - .5 page
  • What will be the benefit and to whom – 1 page
    • Provide a quantitative example of the value of EO for improved monitoring
  • What will be done (components) - 4 pages
  • An implementation structure – 1 page
  • A governance model - .5page
  • Linkages to related programs– AMIS et al. .5 page
  • Budget by component

( Figs and Diagrams as necessary)

possible geoglam organization
Possible GEOGLAM Organization

GEOGLAM Advisory Board

including G20, Donor Representation and Program Stakeholders

Project Office

Inc.

Executive Director

Executive Committee ????

consisting of Implementation Team Leads and Partners

National Capacity Building

Implementation Team

w. task leads

Global Systems Enhancement

Implementation Team

w. task leads

Earth Observation

Implementation Team

consisting of task leads

Operational

R&D Implementation Team

consisting of task leads

Projects

Projects

Projects

Projects