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CHAPTER 12 SECTION 3. THE NATION COMES APART. POLITICAL PARTIES OF 1856. DEMOCRATS – JAMES BUCHANAN – FROM PA(WINNER) HAD NO CONNECTION WITH BLEEDING KANSAS NEITHER FAVORED OR HATED SLAVERY REPUBLICANS – JOHN C. FREMONT FREE SPEECH, FREE PRESS, FREE SOIL, FREE MEN, FREMONT

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Chapter 12 section 3

CHAPTER 12 SECTION 3

THE NATION COMES APART


Political parties of 1856
POLITICAL PARTIES OF 1856

  • DEMOCRATS – JAMES BUCHANAN – FROM PA(WINNER)

    • HAD NO CONNECTION WITH BLEEDING KANSAS

    • NEITHER FAVORED OR HATED SLAVERY

  • REPUBLICANS – JOHN C. FREMONT

    • FREE SPEECH, FREE PRESS, FREE SOIL, FREE MEN, FREMONT

    • DOES WELL POPULAR VOTE 1,339,932 VOTES TO BUCHANAN’S 1,832,955 – ELECTORAL VOTE – 114 (FREMONT) TO 174 (BUCHANAN)

  • KNOW NOTHINGS

    • SPLIT INTO 2 SECTS – NORTH KNOW-NOTHINGS & SOUTH KNOW NOTHINGS

      • NORTH – JOHN C. FREMONT

      • SOUTH – MILLARD FILLMORE


Sectionalism
SECTIONALISM

  • A FEELING OF LOYALTY TO A STATE, REGION, OR TERRITORY – NOT THE COUNTRY


Dred scot vs sanford
DRED SCOT VS. SANFORD

  • SUPREME COURT CASE

  • FACTS OF THE CASE

    • DRED SCOT WAS A SLAVE

    • HE WAS TAKEN BY HIS MASTER TO ILLINOIS (FREE) AND THEN TO MINNESOTA(FREE)

    • HE MOVED BACK TO MISSOURI(SLAVE) WHERE HE SUED FOR HIS FREEDOM

  • CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS

    • WAS HE A CITIZEN OF THE USA?

    • WAS HE FREE?


Dred scot vs sanford1
DRED SCOT VS. SANFORD

  • RULING (7-2) OPINION – CHIEF JUSTICE ROBERT TANEY

    • THE CONSTITUTION DECLARES THAT SLAVES ARE NOT US CITIZENS – THEY ARE PROPERTY

    • SLAVES DO NOT HAVE THE RIGHT TO FILE A LAWSUIT (LACK STANDING)

    • CONGRESS DOES NOT HAVE THE RIGHT TO DECIDE ON THE ISSUE OF SLAVERY

      • THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL

    • POP. SOV. – TERRITORIES MUST DECIDE ON THE ISSUE OF SLAVERY FOR THEMSELVES


Stephen douglas
STEPHEN DOUGLAS

  • HAD A 15 YEAR CAREER IN THE SENATE

  • HELPED WRITE THE COMPROMISE OF 1850 AND THE K/N ACT IN 1854

  • KNOWN AS THE LITTLE GIANT

  • GREAT COMPROMISER

  • SAW SLAVERY AS A POLITICAL ISSUE

  • BELIEVED THAT POP SOV WOULD SOLVE THE ISSUE OF SLAVERY


Abraham lincoln
ABRAHAM LINCOLN

  • SELF-EDUCATED LAWYER

  • SPENT 8 YEARS IN THE ILLINOIS STATE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE

  • 2 YEARS IN THE US HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE

  • BELIEVED SLAVERY WAS A MORALLY WRONG

    • WAS NOT AN ABOLITIONIST – HE DID NOT WANT SLAVERY TO EXPAND INTO THE TERRITORIES

  • “A HOUSE DIVIDED AGAINST ITSELF CANNOT STAND. I BELIEVE THIS GOVERNMENT CANNOT ENDURE PERMANENTLY HALF SLAVE AND HALF FREE. I DO NOT EXPECT THE UNION TO BE DISSOLVED – I DO NOT EXPECT THE HOUSE TO FALL – BUT I DO EXPECT IT WILL CEASE TO BE DIVIDED. IT WILL BECOME ALL ONE THING, OR ALL THE OTHER.”


Lincoln douglas debate 1858
LINCOLN – DOUGLAS DEBATE (1858)

  • ABRAHAM LINCOLN(R) RAN AGAINST STEPHEN DOUGLAS (D) FOR REPUBLICAN SENATOR FROM ILLINOIS

  • DEBATED EACH OTHER 7 TIMES

  • DOUGLAS TRIED TO MAKE LINCOLN LOOK LIKE AN ABOLITIONIST

  • LINCOLN TRIED TO FORCE DOUGLAS TO MAKE PROSLAVERY STATEMENTS

  • STEPHAN DOUGLAS WON THE ELECTION OF US SENATE


John brown s raid 1859
JOHN BROWN’S RAID (1859)

  • THE PLAN

    • RAID THE US ARSENAL AT HARPER’S FERRY VIRGINIA

      • 18 FOLLOWERS – 13

    • GIVE THE STOLEN GUNS TO SLAVES

    • STARTED A SLAVE REVOLT

  • THE PROBLEM

    • THE SLAVE WERE RELUCTANT

    • THEY WENT BACK TO THE ARSENAL, WHICH WAS SURROUNDED BY RIVERS AD MOUNTAINS

    • ROBERT E. LEE (MARINE) EASILY CAPTURED BROWN AND 10 FOLLOWERS


John brown s raid 18591
JOHN BROWN’S RAID (1859)

  • THE AFTERMATH

    • JOHN BROWN WAS FOUND GUILTY OF TREASON

    • SENTENCED BY THE COURT TO THE GALLOWS

      • SOUTHERNERS WERE JACKED

        • BECAUSE THE NORTH SAW BROWN AS A MARTYR AND SANG HIS PRAISES

        • BROWN THEY THOUGHT WAS TERRIBLE FOR INCITING A SLAVE RIOT