Logical Fallacies. statements that may sound reasonable or true but are deceptive and dishonest. Begging the Question. (logos) assumes in the premise what the arguer should be trying to prove in the conclusion asks readers to agree that certain points are self-evident when they are not.
statements that may sound reasonable or true but are deceptive and dishonest
The unfair and shortsighted legislation that limits free trade is a threat to the American economy.
Jesse Jackson is a good communicator because he speaks effectively.
(also: Argument from Analogy)
The overcrowded conditions in some parts of our city have forced people together like rats in a cage. Like rats, they will eventually turn on one another, fighting and killing until balance is restored. It is therefore necessary that we vote to appropriate funds to build low-cost housing.
(also: Personal Attack)
The public should not take seriously Dr. Mason’s plan for improving county health services. He is a former alcoholic whose wife recently divorced him.
(also: Sweeping Generalization,
Jumping to a Conclusion)
Because our son really benefitted from nursery school, I am convinced that every child should go.
(also: Either/Or Fallacy)
We must choose between life and death, between intervention and genocide. No one can take a neutral position on this issue.
As a human endeavor, computers are a praiseworthy and even remarkable accomplishment. But how can we hope to be human if we rely on computers to make our decisions?
The mayor has proposed building a new baseball-only sports stadium. How can he even consider allocating millions of dollars to this scheme when so many professional baseball players are being paid such high salaries?
How can that judge favor stronger penalties for convicted drug dealers? During his confirmation hearings, he admitted smoking marijuana when he was a student.
(also: Ad Verecundiam)
According to Brian Williams, interest rates will remain low during the next fiscal year.
Women will never be competent firefighters; after all, 50 percent of the women in the city’s training program failed the exam.
(also: False Cause)
Every time a Republican is elected president, recession follows. If we want to avoid another recession, we should elect a Democrat as our next president.
(meaning: it does not follow)
Disarmament weakened the United States after World War I. Disarmament also weakened the United States after the Vietnam War. For this reason, efforts to control guns will weaken the United States.
(also: Ad Poplum)
In a court of law, the jury vote by majority; therefore they will always make the correct decision.
People who don't support the proposed state minimum wage increase hate the poor.
(also: Appeal to Pity)
Think of all the poor, starving Ethiopian children! How could we be so cruel as not to help them?