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EU-West Africa EPA 17 September 2014 The International Trade Union House, Bv du Roi Albert II, 5, 1210 Brussels. How to assess the West Africa EPA?. Dr San BILAL sb@ecdpm.org. Achievements. Successful conclusion… …at regional level… …before 1 October 2014

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How to assess the West Africa EPA?


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EU-West Africa EPA17 September 2014The International Trade Union House, Bv du Roi Albert II, 5, 1210 Brussels

How to assess the West Africa EPA?

Dr San BILAL

sb@ecdpm.org

achievements
Achievements
  • Successful conclusion…
  • …at regional level…
  • …before 1 October 2014
  • regional unity & integrity preserved
  • based on ECOWAS CET
  • no trade disruption

= DEVELOPMENT ???

some key features of the epa
Some key features of the EPA
  • Focus on market access for goods
  • DFQF access to EU (100% liberalisation)
  • West Africa liberalises:

75% of tariff lines

over 20 years

  • Policy space: trade defense instruments
  • Community levied maintained (until new financing mechanism)
  • No EU agricultural export subsidies
  • MNF not automatic
  • No explicit non-execution clause (Cotonou ref)
  • Development chapter: PAPED (no additionality)
main products excluded
Main products excluded
  • Preparation of vegetables, fruits and nuts
  • Other edible preparation such as tea, coffee, sauces, seasonings etc.
  • Beverages (alcoholic – mainly beers and spirits) and non-alcoholic (table water etc.)
  • Tobacco
  • Cement
  • Pharmaceutical products;
  • Paint, varnish and mastic
  • Perfumery, cosmetic and toilet preparation;
  • Soaps and washing preparation; waxes
  • Glues; pyrotechnic products;
  • Articles of plastic; Rubber articles; leather products; wood and wood articles; paper, paperboard and articles of paper pulp; printed books and newspapers
  • Cotton (thread); other vegetable textile fibres, yarn and fabrics;
  • Man made fibres; some woven fabrics; some knitted and crocheted fabric;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories;
  • Glassware; some articles of iron and steel; copper and nickel
  • Tools and cutlery of base metals; some machinery and mechanical appliances; some electric machinery;
  • Some furniture and mattress support (wood and metal); lighting and fittings
  • Meat and meat products; Preparation of meat; fresh, chilled and frozen fish and fish products; preparation of fish products
  • Milk and dairy products
  • Vegetable products such as edible vegetables, fruits, nuts, some cereals (rice), products of milling industry (different types of flour);
  • Animal and vegetable fats and oils and prepared edible fats
  • Sugar and sugar confectionary;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations;
  • Preparation of cereals, flour, starch and milk
policy space
Policy space?
  • Existing export taxes are maintained; possibility to introduce new taxes for infant industries, revenue needs and environmental protection on a limited number of products and after consultations with the EU side
  • Safeguard measures applicable for 4 years, renewable once
  • Specific safeguard clause for infant industries, for up to 8 years and can be renewed
assessing social impact
Assessing social impact

= Identify sensitive import-competing sectors

  • Employment per sector/products: nb, gender, youth, work conditions, etc.
  • SMEs, informal, competition (monopoly?)
  • Analysis per country/province?
  • Loss of fiscal revenues?
  • Support policies and measures?

=> Likely effects: concentrated in some sectors/products in some countries/provinces on some categories of workers/population

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Thank you

www.ecdpm.org

Reference:

Ramdoo, Isabelle (2014), ECOWAS and SADC EPAs:

A comparative analysis, ECDPM Discussion Paper 165

www.ecdpm.org/dp165

Dr San Bilal

Head of Economic Transformation and Trade

Editor of GREAT Insights

sb@ecdpm.org

Twitter @SanBilal1