The British Legacy and The Spirit of the Celts Group 1 Period 3
Before we begin… • How many times has Britain has been invaded? • What was the Celtic religion? • What was Stonehenge? • Who was Britain named after? • What aspect of the United States did Great Britain and the Magna Carta influence?
Invaders of Britain • Britain has been invaded 6 times throughout history by these groups… • Iberians • Celts • Romans • Angles and Saxons • Vikings • Normans
Iberians • The Iberians are the oldest historically known inhabitants of the Iberian Peninsula of Spain. • Invaded Britain near 3,000 BC
Celts • The Celts were a group of people that lived on the land stretching from the British Isles to Galatia. • Invaded Britain in 500 BC.
Romans • Britain was first invaded by the roman army led by Caesar In late August 55 BC, but Caesar was defeated. • Caesar lead another invasion on Britain in 54 BC, this time he was successful in invading Britain
Angles and Saxons • Originated in Germany, they invaded Britain and later settled in Britain. • They slowly colonized northwards and westwards, then began to push the native Celt's and Roman Britain out.
Vikings • Invaded Britain in 878, the Vikings slowly began taking over Britain. • By 955, the Vikings, ruled over a united Britain. Britain's Government became centralized, and the king had the control to rule the whole country
Normans • Normandy invaded Britain after a dispute over the English throne. • Normandy won the dispute and their duke William became William I of england.
The Spirit of the Celts • The Celtic religion was a form of animism. • What is animism? • The belief that everything has a soul or spirit. • Celts said they saw spirits everywhere.
The Spirit of the Celts • Some People believed that Stonehenge was used by the Druids for religious rites having to do with the lunar and solar cycles. • What was a Druid? • The Priest for the Celts
The Brythons • Island of warriors called Celts • From the Celts were Brythons • Celtic people of Great Britain • Earliest evidence: Iron Age • Split apart after Anglo-Saxon • “Britain”-named after the land they settled
Our Roots: Great Britain • Source of our rights and government • Magna Carta (1215) • Rule of Law • Unwritten Constitution • Made of several documents and principles
Our Roots: Great Britain • Representative Government • Parliament • Bicameral (House of Lords, House of Commons) • Basic Rights • Habeus Corpus • English Bill of Rights
Things to remember… • Britain has been invaded 6 times • The Celtic religion was a form of animism, which is the belief that everything has a soul or spirit. • Stonehenge was used by Druids (Celtic priests) for religious rites.
Things to remember… • Britain was named after the Brythons • Great Britain and the Magna Carta influenced our representative government and our basic rights.