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Oil in History. History of Offshore Oil Extraction. The need for light…. The petroleum industry grew through the 1800s ~ becoming a leading international industry as the 20 th century progressed. Today’s top 3 oil producing countries: Saudi Arabia Russia United States.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
Oil in History

History of Offshore Oil Extraction

slide3
The petroleum industry grew through the 1800s ~ becoming a leading international industry as the 20th century progressed.

Today’s top 3 oil producing countries: Saudi Arabia

Russia

United States

1st commercial oil well drilled in Poland.

1858

1st North American oil well drilled in Ontario,

Canada

1950s

1853

1858

1891

1896

1937

Timeline

1961

2000 +

1946

80 of the world s accessible reserves are in the middle east
80% of the world’s accessible reserves are in the Middle East.

Saudi Arabia

United Arab Emirates

Iraq

Qatar

Kuwait

slide5
5 years later in 1896 ~ 1st ocean submerged oil wells drilled in California.

1891 oil was found off-shore.

The 1st submerged wells were drilled from platforms in Ohio.

1950s

1853

1858

1891

1896

1937

1961

2000 +

1946

slide8
~ 1st true “off-shore” oil rig set on a fixed
  • platform in 14 feet of water
  • (but only 1 mile off-shore).

In 1933 the process of locating oil

(exploratory drilling)

was revolutionized when a barge-mounted rig was designed to be moved from one location to the next with relative ease.

This was the first mobile drilling unit.

1950s

1853

1858

1891

1896

1911

1961

2000 +

1930s

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By 1949, 11 fields were found in the Gulf of Mexico with 44 exploratory wells.Compared to today… 3,858 active platforms
slide11
CUSS 1 drillship

Semi-submersible platform

drillship

1950s

1853

1858

1891

1896

1911

1961

2000 +

1930s

slide17
Montara, Australia, 2009:

An oil well in the Timor Sea, off the coast of Western

Australia, began leaking, and the platform subsequently

caught fire. The well spewed oil for more than two months, leaking as much as 2,000 barrels a day (6,216,000 gallons) for 74 days before it was capped, making it one of the worst spills in Australian history.

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Nowruz oil field, Persian Gulf, 1983:

A tanker hit a rig off the coast of Iran, and the rig began leaking 1,500 barrels a day. Because Iran

and Iraq were at war, the oil flow was not stopped, and the platform

was later attacked by Iraqi warplanes. Later, a second platform was attacked, and initially spilled 5,000 barrels a day before slowing to 1,500. Two years passed before Iran capped the wells, but by then over 733,000 barrels (30,786,000 gallons) of oil spilled into the Persian Gulf.

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Santa Barbara, Calif., 1969: 

A blowout at a well five miles off the coast of Santa Barbara caused a leak that flowed for 11 days and

80,000 to 100,000 barrels (46,200,000 gallons) were released. According to a report by the University of California, Santa Barbara, the spill affected 800 square miles of ocean and coated 35 miles of coastline with oil.

slide20
Ixtoc I oil spill, Gulf of Mexico, 1979:

Generally considered the fourth largest oil spill in history, the Ixtoc spill occurred when the Mexican state-owned Pemex was drilling an exploratory well in shallow water in the Bay of Campeche. The Ixtoc suffered a blowout, and more than 3 million barrels (126,000,000 gallons) of oil gushed from the well for more than nine months before engineers were able to cap it. The spill contaminated more than 162 miles of beach in Texas.

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Gulf of Mexico, 2010:

The Deepwater Horizon drilling rig exploded due to a methane gas release on April, 20, 2010, immediately killing 11 and injuring 17 platform workers. On July 15, 2010, the leak was stopped, however 206 million gallons of oil had already spilled into the Gulf. In addition to the oil, more than 1.8 million gallons of dispersant were released into the Gulf.

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List of Oil Spills:
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_oil_spills
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