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Working at Height. Working at Height. Working at Height. Working at height greater than 2m(GB) Working off-the-ground . Working at Height. Working at Height. Examples of working at height Man-baskets. Ladders Incomplete structural steel Elevated piping or pipe supports

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Working at Height


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    1. Working at Height MDPI/GOODWILL OIL AND GAS TRAINING

    2. Working at Height Working at Height • Working at height greater than 2m(GB) • Working off-the-ground

    3. Working at Height Working at Height • Examples of working at height • Man-baskets. • Ladders • Incomplete structural steel • Elevated piping or pipe supports • Tank roof without standard guardrail system. • Unqualified scaffolds • Air Spider • Rope access system

    4. Working at Height Avoiding off-the-ground accidents is easy by: 1.Set up the proper precautions; 2. Follow all safe work practices; 3. Use the fall protection equipment properly MDPI/GOODWILL OIL AND GAS TRAINING

    5. Set up the proper precautions • Safety must be first and foremost in your thoughts • Scan work areas for potential hazards and develop a plan to follow based on the hazards. Example: light, overboard, possible falling level

    6. Set up the proper precautions • Always be noticed on the weather altering - High Wind - Rain/Storm - Lighting - Sleet/Snow and any severe weather - Heavy brume/fog • Be aware of the physical situation of the person working at height. - Alcohol influence, take medicine, sick and natural constitution) MDPI/GOODWILL OIL AND GAS TRAINING

    7. Set up the proper precautions • Working in lift buckets or other portable platforms requires extra protection. - Always secure yourself with tie-off using a harness • Workers are more vulnerable when “on the move” above ground. - Always watch your step. MDPI/GOODWILL OIL AND GAS TRAINING

    8. Set up the proper precautions • Be aware of any trip hazards (remove them if possible) • Look for posted warning signs. • Obey restrictions regarding authorized and protected areas

    9. Follow all safe work practices • Fall protection systems are required for performing work at heights of 2 meters or above away from the level where the falling is possible. • Fall arrest equipment will limit free fall to 2 meter or less • Anchorage in fall arresting system should be secured above the worker - not below or to the side.

    10. Follow all safe work practices • A visual inspection of the fall protection equipment and system is completed and any equipment that is damaged or has been activated is taken out of service • Person are competent to perform the work MDPI/GOODWILL OIL AND GAS TRAINING

    11. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall Protection • Fall protection includes fall restraint and fall arrest • Fall restraint: Do not allow employee working at height to fall. • Fall arrest: Allow employee working at height to fall, but arrest it to eliminate injure or save life. MDPI/GOODWILL OIL AND GAS TRAINING

    12. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall Protection priority or hierarchy • Avoiding working at height • Fall restraint • Fall arrest system. A full body harness and a lanyard may no longer be the automatic choice for maximum safety. It is far better to eliminate the hazard and make sure that a fall doesn’t occur, rather than to arrest a fall after it has occurred. MDPI/GOODWILL OIL AND GAS TRAINING

    13. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall restraint equipment Traditional fall protection • Guardrail / Handrail • Some of them fitted with screens and toe boards • Be able to support 200 pounds of top-down pressure • Stand 39 – 45 inches above walking surfaces • Include a mid-rail • Be inspected during regular intervals

    14. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall restraint equipment Traditional fall protection (Continue) • Ladder cage • Cover • Safety net Travel Restriction • Anchor • Lifeline/Lanyard • Safety belt or full body harness

    15. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall arrest equipment Comprise of three components which work together • Body support • Connecting device • Anchor system

    16. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall arrest system Body support • Full body harness Distributes weight evenly over the body. • Meet related standards, certificate • T2XB, T3XB and T4XB in GB6095 can be used • How to wear ?

    17. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall arrest system Body support Hold the back D-ring and shake it until the straps fall into place.

    18. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall arrest system Body support Slip straps over the shoulders so that the D-ring is in the middle of the upper back.

    19. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall arrest system Body support Connect the leg straps by pulling buckles between the legs and securing them to the other ends of the straps.

    20. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall arrest system Body support Firmly and securely tighten buckles, (but not so tight as to restrict movement).

    21. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall arrest system Body support Buckle the waist strap.

    22. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall arrest system Connecting device • Double latch self-lock snap hook Inward opening • Double latch self-lock carabiner Shackle also can be used

    23. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall arrest system Connecting device • D-ring, O-ring • Lanyard (with or without shock absorber)

    24. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall arrest system Connecting device • Self retracting lifelines (SRL) • Lifeline not come in contact with any sharp edges • Minimize swing fall by anchoring directly above you • Should be connected directly to the dorsal “D” ring • Never attach a lanyard to an SRL and never anchor the SRL at foot level

    25. Use the fall protection equipment properly Fall arrest system Rope grabs • Automatic rope grab • Manual rope grab • Match to rope size • Go on the right way • Pull down for test • Park above to minimize free fall distance

    26. Use the fall protection equipment properly Anchor system Components: Anchorage + Anchorage connector Anchorage: Structure generally Anchorage connector: Web, beam clamp MDPI/GOODWILL OIL AND GAS TRAINING

    27. Use the fall protection equipment properly Anchor system Engineered System (preferred) Improvised System (guess the anchorage strength) MDPI/GOODWILL OIL AND GAS TRAINING

    28. Use the fall protection equipment properly Anchor system Select or build an anchorage, the following should be considered: 1) Work area 2) Ease of rescue 3) Shock absorption 4) Swing fall hazards 5) Sharp edges 6) Strength 7) Something structural Anything can’t be as anchorage for fall arrest?

    29. Use the fall protection equipment properly Horizontal lifeline • For fall restraint and fall arrest • Provide mobility for job • Strength • Build

    30. Use the fall protection equipment properly Vertical lifeline • For fall arrest • Provide mobility for job • Strength • Build

    31. Use the fall protection equipment properly Inspection prior to use Fall restraint: Traditional fall protection Travel restriction Fall arrest: Full body harness Connecting device (Hardware, lanyard, SRL) Anchorage Horizontal or vertical lifelines

    32. Use the fall protection equipment properly Storage • Not in bright or UV light • Cool dry • In order • Protect from sea water

    33. Special working at height Rope access system International Rope Access Trade Association (IRATA) Air spider Operation manual

    34. Rescue and escape system A fall arrest system is not complete unless the user of the system has accounted for a means of rescue or escape

    35. Knowledge related to safety of working at height • Ladder safety • Scaffolding • Slips, trips and falls • Rope access • Air spider