Signs of dislocation: dislocation recognition > severe pain > unable to move the joint > swelling and bruising > shortening or deformity
dislocated kneecap Normal Dislocated
How do you treat a dislocation? > provide support to the injured area > immobilize effectively (which means keep it still) > reassure the person > keep checking on them dislocations treatment
When soft tissue around bones and joints gets overstretched, this can lead to damage and even tearing. strains & sprains
strains & sprains treatment – rest the injury. – put an ice pack on it. – provide comfortable support. – elevate the injury.
treatment for tick bites >grasp head as near to the skin as possible and pull it straight out. > do not use twisting or jerking movements as this may leave mouth parts embedded. > place tick in a sealed plastic bag, as it may be needed for analysis.
> clean the area around the splinter with soap and water > grasp the splinter with tweezers > draw the splinter out in a straight line at the same angle it went in > carefully squeeze the wound to encourage a little bleeding > clean and dry the wound and cover with a dressing splinters
blisters >wash the area with clean water, rinse and dry. (carefully – do not burst the blister.) >if this is not possible keep it as clean as possible. >cover fully with an adhesive dressing. >ideally use a blister plaster
Use AMPLE as a reminder when assessing a person with a headache. A – Allergy – does the person have any? M – Medication – is the person on any? P – Previous Medical History L – Last meal / drink? – is the person dehydrated? E – Event history – what happened? – was it recent or a while ago? – did the person hit their head / fall over? headaches
Treatment will depend on cause and severity. If the headache follows a head injury, medical advice should be sought. Look out for symptoms of concussion and compression. headaches
How do you treat a headache if there’s no evidence of injury? What should you do? Click here! headaches >sit the person down in a quiet and, if hot, shady place > put a cool compress against his head. > a drink of water might help.