What Symbols do you see? • What might these symbols represent? • Why do you think an Eagle was on the seal? • The words “E Pluribus Unum” translate to “Out of Many, One” what does this motto refer to?
With the Seal in mind and the idea of a Republic.. • Why was a Constitutional Convention needed? • Although the 13 states would have a certain amount of independent control, it was believed states were stronger together. • The 13 states joined together to operate as a republic.
The Articles of Confederation • What is a confederacy? • What are the articles? • Continental Congress creates the AOC in 1777 • How is power divided among the states in the articles?
Articles Contd. • Power divided between national government and state government. • Majority of power given to states. • Created one body, the congress, to serve as the national government.
Pg. 95 • What problems could arise? • Look at the map, why would some founders fear that some states would have more power in a national government than others?
What problems did the founders face? • Rd page 94-99, answer questions on graphic organizer. • Lesson Review #1-5 • What were the AOC’s strengths? • What were the weaknesses in the AOC?
Articles of Confederation 1777 Power given to the states: -Could tax citizens -Controlled trade Power given to Congress (National): -Each state had one vote in congress -Declared War -Provided mail service -Coined money
Shay’s Rebellion • How did Shay’s Rebellion force people to re-examine the weakness of national government? -Who was Daniel Shays? -What did he do? Why? -What were the consequences?
A call for Congress… • Shay’s rebellion called for a meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 known as the Philadelphia Convention. • Who attended this Convention? • 55 Delegates from each state except Rhode Island attended. • These delegates were known as the Framers of the Constitution.