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Presents:. Maine Board of Corrections March 25, 2009. ONE MAINE ONE SYSTEM. Maine’s Unified Correctional System Design Development Process Discussion. Mission, Goals, Guiding Principles. MISSION

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maine board of corrections march 25 2009

Maine Board of Corrections March 25, 2009



Maine’s Unified Correctional System Design Development Process Discussion


  The mission of the Board of Corrections is to design, guide and invest strategically in the development of a unified state and county corrections system and to sustain and manage the system in order to accomplish the following goals:

  • Reduces recidivism;  
  • Increases pretrial diversion and post conviction release; 
  • Reduces the rate and use of incarceration;  
  • Achieves efficiencies; and 
  • Reduces the rate of growth in the cost of corrections
Guiding Principles

A Unified State and County Corrections System that:

  • Reduces risk through the use of Evidence Based Practices and encourages sentencing in accordance with risk;
  • Creates an integrated, regional system built on the strengths of the existing state and county facilities and services and is based on differentiated missions;
  • Is a stewardship approach that manages and maintains the existing assets and resources for the maximum benefit and invests strategically to accomplish system goals;
guiding principles cont
Guiding Principles, cont
  • Allows innovation, but is collaboratively based and recognizes that decisions about change and its management are shared;
  • Creates incentives for us all to work together and promotes cohesion;
guiding principles cont7
Guiding Principles, cont
  • Is consistent with the compromise enacted in Public Law 653;
  • Incorporates the recommendations of the Corrections Alternatives Advisory Committee and the two plans developed by the state and the counties;
guiding principles cont8
Guiding Principles, cont
  • Meets the system’s needs for risk management and security housing; and
  • Works in concert with other policy makers including the Legislature, the Judiciary and the Sentencing Council.
  • Involves and includes local stakeholders including prosecutors, local law enforcement, and others
  • Mission Change: Develop a plan for every correctional facility & county jail use and purpose within the adopted unified correctional system design;
  • Program Improvements: Adopt consistent statewide standards and policies, such as but not limited to:
    • Pretrial, alternative sentence, revocation and reentry programs;
    • Inmates with mental illness;
    • Coordinated transportation system of inmates in the unified correctional system
    • Improved use of technology
  • Achieve Efficiencies: Develop a method to identify and manage the cost of corrections to achieve systemic cost savings and invest these savings strategically
correctional service delivery system

Correctional Service Delivery System

How do we incorporate the existing state and county facilities and programs into a systems approach?

correctional services

Correctional Services

Can we categorize correctional services in a way that assists in creating service districts?

community and court based services
Community and court based services
  • Services that are community based: arrests, bail, court appearances, probation
  • Services that allow an offender to retain community, employment, treatment and family connections; primarily lower risk offenders
  • Examples: Short term holding facilities; diversion programs; alternatives to incarceration; short sentences, revocation centers, day reporting
probation services
Probation Services
  • Services that are accessible to courts and community services
  • Allow for consistent risk based supervision and case management
  • Leadership in risk assessment, case management
  • Support reentry and alternatives to incarceration
reentry services
Reentry Services
  • Services that support successful return to community, employment, family, treatment
  • High risk offenders
  • Access to supportive community services and resources
  • Structured supervision
long sentenced offenders specialized interventions
Long Sentenced Offenders/Specialized Interventions
  • Services that provide appropriate security levels (medium security and higher) and programs for offenders with sentences of 9 months or longer
  • Specialized treatment and transition programs for high risk offenders, sex offenders and substance abuse treatment
  • Specialized interventions for female offenders, cultural approaches
acute high risk
Acute/High Risk
  • Services that provide appropriate security level for high risk offenders (sentenced and pretrial)
  • Services that provide appropriate treatment or intervention for acute needs (infirmary, inpatient mental health)
As the system evolves, it’s important to note that one size does not fit all in this process. The remainder of this presentation focuses on correctional service delivery based on Service Catchment Regions and Statewide Needs
recommended new system
Recommended New System

1. Four Correctional Services Regions

(based on aggregates of Judicial Districts)

  • 12 TO 72 Hour holding facilities as necessary based on need/cost/ benefit
  • Pretrial Facilities (Pretrial & Sentences of 90 days or less)
  • Full service jails (adult male/female, all classification, pretrial, & sentences up to 9 months)
  • Pretrial and Alternative Sentencing Programs
  • Community Corrections/Probation Services
  • Reentry Centers/work release
  • Victim Services
statewide system needs infirmary services
Statewide System Needs:Infirmary Services

Maine State Prison - Warren

MCC - Windham

Cumberland County Jail

York County Jail

implementation priorities and timeline

Implementation Priorities and Timeline

How does the Board develop its plan for implementing the system design?

We cannot do it all, at once, everywhere

phased approach to system design
Phased Approach To System Design
  • Phase 1 – July 1, 2009 – June 30, 2010
  • Phase 2 – July 1, 2010 – June 30, 2011
  • Phase 3 – July 1, 2011 – June 30, 2012
service catchment categories28
Service Catchment Categories

Phase 3

Phase 2

Phase 1

priority timeline
Priority Timeline
  • Phase 1: Cost Reduction and Slowing the Growth in Costs
    • Major mission changes
    • Pretrial Services/diversion
    • Transportation
    • Pilot Reentry
    • Bail notification – victims
    • Performance measurement system
      • Goals
      • Efficiencies/cost
priority timeline30
Priority Timeline
  • Phase 2: Achieving Greater Efficiencies and Reducing the Growth in Costs
    • Reentry Services
    • Alternatives to Incarceration
    • Transition Services
    • Food Services/Commissary
priority timeline31
Priority Timeline
  • Phase 3: Improved Services and Systems of Care
    • Specialty Services
    • Standardize Medical
accomplishing the priorities
Accomplishing the Priorities
  • Review and change mission for the facilities in each region to accomplish the priority objective
  • Revise the laws as need to accomplish the priority
  • Add capacity (not beds) for the board and the system
  • Identify the investment needs, savings from efficiencies and resource allocation decisions
  • Develop standardized policies and practices
phase 1 cost reduction and slowing the growth in costs july 1 2009 june 30 2010
Phase 1Cost Reduction and Slowing the Growth in CostsJuly 1, 2009 – June 30, 2010
  • County Jail Mission changes: pretrial
  • Statutory changes
  • Create director for pretrial/diversion/reentry
  • Investment of pretrial $; access federal assistance
  • Policy development for pretrial and home release
  • Pretrial services based on 4 regional contracts
  • Pilot reentry center
  • Transportation HUBS
  • Performance measurement
phase 1 county jail mission changes
Phase 1County Jail Mission Changes

Piscataquis –

Up to 72 hr Hold.

Franklin –

Up to 72 hr Hold.

Waldo –

Up to 72 hr Hold/Reentry

Coastal Service Region


Up to 72 hr Hold.

phase 2 achieving greater efficiencies and reducing the growth in costs july 1 2010 june 30 2011
Phase 2Achieving Greater Efficiencies and Reducing the Growth in CostsJuly 1, 2010 – June 30, 2011
  • Expand reentry services statewide
  • Mission changes for remaining 3 reentry locations
  • Policy development
  • Investment decisions
Reentry Model Flow Chart

Custody Screening, LSI & Case Plans

Initial Classification: Appropriate security/programming housing placement

Low Risk

Moderate & High Risk


Home Release or Day Reporting

Community Based Residential Reentry Centers



SCCP or Home Release

phase 3 improved services and systems of care july 1 2011 june 30 2012
Phase 3Improved Services and Systems of CareJuly 1, 2011 – June 30, 2012
  • Create specialty units for mental health, substance abuse
  • Infirmary services
  • Consistent medical services
  • Gender responsive programs
  • Culturally appropriate services
investment fund
Investment Fund
  • $3.5 million request represents
    • Savings from mission changes in 4 counties;
    • 75% reduction in initial budget submissions of remaining 12 counties
budget issues
Budget Issues
  • Process for:
    • Reinvestment from Mission Changes
    • “Scrub” County Budgets
  • Can we “book” savings from efficiencies (transportation in FY10, pretrial/reentry FY11)
  • Federal Grant Funds availability
  • General Fund Appropriation
  • Resource allocation:
    • Reallocate CCA and fine revenue
    • Eliminate Boarding Rates
legislative proposals
Legislative Proposals
  • Efficiencies in the Transportation of Prisoners
  • Home Release Monitoring Program
  • Early Release of Terminally Ill or Severely Medically Incapacitated Prisoners
  • Expand the Maine Governmental Facilities Authority’s Ability to Include County Correctional Facilities
  • Certificate of Need Process 
  • Process and Standards for Closing or Downsizing a Correctional Facility or a County Jail
  • Boarding rates, fund balances, DOC budget