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Westward Expansion. William Clark and Meriwether Lewis. Louisiana Purchase. Good Deal: Paid France $15 million Doubled the size of the country Gained control of the Mississippi River Meriwether Lewis and William Clark Explored geography Created maps ( routes to the Pacific Ocean)

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Louisiana purchase
Louisiana Purchase

  • Good Deal: Paid France $15 million

  • Doubled the size of the country

  • Gained control of the Mississippi River

    Meriwether Lewis and William Clark

  • Explored geography

  • Created maps (routes to the Pacific Ocean)

  • Studied how Indian tribes lived

  • Was helped by Sacagawea


Hmmmmmm
Hmmmmmm..

  • Sounds interesting, but I am afraid of the journey and leaving what I know and where I feel safe.

  • Would you leave your home to explore and settle on a new land?


Homestead act to expand the west
Homestead Act:To expand the west

  • May 20, 1862

  • Qualifications: Head of House

    • 21 years or older

    • Citizen

    • Can not bear arms against the United States


Land allotment
Land Allotment:

  • ¼ section or less

  • Approximate 160 acres

    Filing Requirement:

  • Swear for personal use only

  • Application at land office

  • Ten dollars


Death
DEATH!

  • If the head of the house dies:

    • Spouse inherits the land

    • If they both die – oldest child


Loss of land
LOSS OF LAND:

  • If you have not worked on it for five years

  • Can’t lose land due to previous debt

  • If no one has lived there for more than 6 months



1841 1866 approximately 350 000 americans traveled west for a variety of reasons
1841-1866: approximately 350,000Americans traveled West for a variety of reasons:

  • a fresh start

  • fertile farmland

  • religious persecution

  • adventure

  • prospects of riches


Four jump off points
Four Jump-Off Points

St. Joseph, Missouri

  • Independence, Missouri

  • Council Bluffs, Iowa

  • Nauvoo, Illinois


  • The Cost of Traveling West:

  • $800.00 -$1,200.00

  • Most people who traveled west were fairly well off

  • According to a “Guide To California” published in 1849 necessary supplies for a party of four could cost near $600.00.


Other items the travelers brought with them included:

Candles Soap

60 lbs. Coffee Bedding

100 lbs. Sugar Tools

200 lbs. Lard Clothing

40 lbs. Salt 8 lbs. Pepper


  • The Journey:

  • six (6) months to complete

  • Must start in the early Spring

  • Too early, could face flooded rivers, and late snows

  • Too late they faced possible of severe weather conditions while crossing the Rockies.


Oregon trail
Oregon Trail

  • Fur trappers -attracted to the plentiful animals.

  • Settlers/farmers -attracted by the fertile land in certain areas.

  • Used guidebooks to travel - often wrong

  • Donner Party – took a cut-off and was snowed in on the Sierra Nevada Mountain. Resorted to extremes to survive.


Westward transportation
Westward Transportation

  • Walking: most people, except for the aged and ill, walked 2,000 miles in about 6 months

  • Disney World (Florida) is approximately 1,100 miles away!



Scores of wagons traveled over the same tracks. Usually, wagons traveled several columns across, and several wagons deep. A view from the sky would reveal perhaps a dozen or so tracks parallel to these.


Canals
Canals wagons traveled several columns across, and several wagons deep. A view from the sky would reveal perhaps a dozen or so tracks parallel to these.

  • Rivers were easy for transporting both people and goods. (cheaper and quicker)

  • River “towns” became crowded like the cities – people moved farther away

  • Connecting rivers were also needed


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Koj5yGigFNU wagons traveled several columns across, and several wagons deep. A view from the sky would reveal perhaps a dozen or so tracks parallel to these.

  • Canalswere the answer – man-made “rivers” used to move goods and for quicker travel.

  • Barges moved along the canals, pulled by mules or horses which walked along the edge of the water.

  • Erie Canal (363 miles) – took 8 years and $7 million.

http://www.songsforteaching.com/folk/eriecanal.htm


  • Canals were dug by men with shovels and horses wagons traveled several columns across, and several wagons deep. A view from the sky would reveal perhaps a dozen or so tracks parallel to these.

  • Carried goods, such as furniture and clothing to the west.

  • Brought back goods, such as grain and lumber to the east.


Challenges
Challenges: wagons traveled several columns across, and several wagons deep. A view from the sky would reveal perhaps a dozen or so tracks parallel to these.

  • Terrain, ranging from wide open prairie to the desert like Badlands, made travel difficult.

  • Mountains could be impassable, and they always feared the lack of fresh water and food.

  • Hardships along the trails were common, and varied. Weather could turn severe without notice.


Hardships
Hardships: wagons traveled several columns across, and several wagons deep. A view from the sky would reveal perhaps a dozen or so tracks parallel to these.

  • Indians, although usually helpful, could always pose a threat.

  • Daily routines were exhausting. Food and water had to be obtained. Fires had to be started, meals cooked, pots cleaned, etc.

  • Accidents and disease was all to common, and unfortunately deadly.


Accidents were common
Accidents were common wagons traveled several columns across, and several wagons deep. A view from the sky would reveal perhaps a dozen or so tracks parallel to these.

  • Children fell or jumped off, crushed to death by the wheels or oxen

  • Bison stampede smashed wagons

  • Adults and children drowned in river crossings.

  • Bitten by poisonous snakes (land and water)


Homes
Homes wagons traveled several columns across, and several wagons deep. A view from the sky would reveal perhaps a dozen or so tracks parallel to these.

  • Log Cabins

  • Sod Houses:

    • No tress on the Great Plains

    • Used chunks of sod

    • Often built into a hill

    • Leaked, insects, dark, uncomfortable


Manifest Destiny wagons traveled several columns across, and several wagons deep. A view from the sky would reveal perhaps a dozen or so tracks parallel to these. – President James Polk believed in this doctrine

  • It is the idea that it was the will of God for the U.S. to extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.


The mexican war 1846
The Mexican War (1846) wagons traveled several columns across, and several wagons deep. A view from the sky would reveal perhaps a dozen or so tracks parallel to these.

Causes

  • Mexico was opposed to Texas becoming a U.S. territory

  • The U.S. and Mexico disagreed where about the southern boundary of Texas.


Did I “Polk” and provoke the war with Mexico? Maybe! wagons traveled several columns across, and several wagons deep. A view from the sky would reveal perhaps a dozen or so tracks parallel to these.

  • President Polk used this border dispute to justify moving U.S. troops into Mexican territory.

  • “Remember the Alamo”



http://www.pibmug.com/files/map_test.swf Davy Crockett, versus over 6,000 Mexican troops.

Results

  • Mexico agreed that the Rio Grande River was the southern boundary of Texas.

  • Mexico gave all of present-day California, Nevada, and Utah, as well as part of New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming

  • The U.S. paid Mexico $15 million for this land – called Mexican Cession.


The gadsden purchase
The Gadsden Purchase Davy Crockett, versus over 6,000 Mexican troops.

  • 5 years later – U.S. paid Mexico $10 million for more land in southern New Mexico and Arizona.

  • U.S. Railroad companies wanted to build train routes to California on this land


Ideas move east
Ideas Move Davy Crockett, versus over 6,000 Mexican troops.EAST

  • Ideas about equality and democracy moved

    Who was allowed to vote?

  • East – Only white males over 21 who owned property

  • West – ALL white males over 21

    Voting rules were eventually changed in the east.