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The Beginning of the French Revolution. PHASE ONE: From Estates-General to National Assembly. Causes of Revolution. Enlightenment ideas American Revolution Old Regime Privileges of 1st & 2nd estate Burdens of the 3 rd estate Financial crisis – impending bankruptcy….

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the beginning of the french revolution

The Beginning of the French Revolution

PHASE ONE:

From Estates-General to National Assembly

causes of revolution
Causes of Revolution
  • Enlightenment ideas
  • American Revolution
  • Old Regime
  • Privileges of 1st & 2nd estate
  • Burdens of the 3rd estate
  • Financial crisis – impending bankruptcy…
french financial crisis
French Financial Crisis
  • Extravagance (Versailles)
  • Debt from wars
  • Aided American Revolution
  • Banks refuse to lend money
  • Crop Failure
french financial crisis1
French Financial Crisis
  • France Needed Money!!!!
  • Louis XVI called The Estates General - hoping to agree on new taxes to be applied to the First & Second Estates
estates general 1789
Estates-General 1789
  • Had not met since 1614
  • Delegates of the 3rd Estate wanted a joint meeting of all Estates with each delegate voting as an individual
  • King refused – locked out 3rd Estate!
national assembly tennis court oath
National Assembly & Tennis Court Oath
  • 3rd Estate delegates met on an indoor tennis court & created the National Assembly…
national assembly tennis court oath1
National Assembly & Tennis Court Oath
  • Took the Tennis Court Oath - promised not to disband until they had written a constitution for France
  • First deliberate act of the revolution!!
call to revolt
Call to Revolt
  • King ordered other estates to join the National Assembly, BUT called for troops in Paris
  • Debates raged in streets, sometimes violent
call to revolt1
Call to Revolt
  • Rebellion grew
  • King gathered more troops
  • Paris citizens became fearful that the King would dissolve the National Assembly & halt reforms so they took action…
storming the bastille
Storming the Bastille
  • Bastille (Paris prison); symbolized injustices of the monarchy
  • Huge mob surrounded Bastille & attempted to steal weapons to defend the National Assembly
  • Forced way into prison; freed prisoners
storming the bastille1
Storming the Bastille
  • Soldiers opened fire
  • 98 rioters killed
  • Rioters took over prison
the great fear
The Great Fear
  • After Bastille, wave of violence swept France
  • Rumors that nobles hired robbers to kill peasants & take property
the great fear1
The Great Fear
  • Peasants react; arm themselves
  • Swear to never pay feudal dues again
  • Drive off landlords & destroyed records
  • The First Wave of the French Revolution had struck!