christian lifestyles n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Christian Lifestyles PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Christian Lifestyles

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 81

Christian Lifestyles - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Christian Lifestyles. Spring 2013. Vocation . In order to figure out our vocation, we first must have self-awareness What does it mean to be self-aware? Self-awareness helps us figure out who we are, what our values are and who God had made us to be. Vocation.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Christian Lifestyles' - bluma

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
  • In order to figure out our vocation, we first must have self-awareness
  • What does it mean to be self-aware?
  • Self-awareness helps us figure out who we are, what our values are and who God had made us to be
  • The word vocation comes from the Latin words, vocare, which means to call, and vocatio, which means a summons
  • Beuchner: A vocation is the “intersection between the deepest desire of your heart with the world’s greatest need”
  • Some people believe that the words vocation, profession and career are synonymous
  • That is wrong- vocation connects with the deepest needs of humans and that you as a person are most passionate about
christian idea of vocation
Christian Idea of Vocation
  • Vocation is a calling from God
  • The first and ultimate call of each person is the call from God to know Him, to love Him and to serve Him
  • Why do we have this call?
  • Because we are made in God’s image
  • Human’s are religious by nature and it differentiates us from the rest of creation
christian idea of vocation1
Christian Idea of Vocation
  • We are social beings- God did not create us to be alone
  • God established a chosen people in the Old Testament and Jesus, through His death and resurrection, established a Church to carry on his mission
  • The Church’s mission, or vocation includes all of our individual callings
  • We are called to participate in the Church’s mission by living out our personal vocations as God’s people
how do we do this
How do we do this?
  • How do you live out your Christian vocation now?
  • By using our God-given gifts
  • God doesn’t wait until we are all adults to give us graces and blessings- we are all part of the Church from our Baptism and are called to live lives of holiness
  • The Church uses the word “Vocation” to refer to a person’s response to one’s baptismal calling to love and serve God and others
four christian vocations
Four Christian Vocations
  • Single lay people
  • Married lay people
  • Ordained minister
  • Consecrated Life

People in these groups may have different jobs or careers but they are doing what brings them a sense of happiness, accomplishment and fulfillment

universal call to holiness
Universal Call to Holiness
  • Prior to Vatican II, Church documents referred to Catholics as “subjects”
  • Focus on the hierarchical structure of the Church: pope, bishops, clergy then laity
  • At Vatican II, the Church began to use the phrase “People of God”- it affirmed the common identity and equal dignity of everyone in the Church
  • By virtue of our Baptism, we are called to be participants in the priestly and prophetic mission of the Church
universal call of holiness
Universal Call of Holiness
  • “Those members of the faithful who are not in holy orders or religious life. They are, by Baptism, incorporated into Christ, made to share in his priestly, prophetic and kingly work and empowered to play an active part in the mission of the Church” (LG)
  • “The laity live ‘in the world.’ This is where they do God’s work. . . The laity serve to illuminate the world with the light of Christ.”
sin the obstacle to holiness
Sin: The Obstacle to Holiness
  • The word sin comes from the Hebrew word “Hatah”
  • The word literally means “to miss the mark”
  • The idea of the seven deadly or capital sins originated in the 6th Century with St. John Cassian and Pope St. Gregory the Great
  • Capital means “head”….Capital sins lead to many other sins
seven deadly sins
Seven Deadly Sins
  • Pride: excessive belief in one’s own abilities that fails to give credit to God
  • Avarice/Greed: Desire for material wealth or gain, ignoring the spiritual realm
  • Envy: Desire for others’ traits, status, abilities, or situation. They desire to possess what others have.
  • Wrath/Anger: they turn against love of others and embrace fury
seven deadly sins1
Seven Deadly Sins
  • Lust: The obsessive craving for the pleasures of the body. They desire to experience physical and sensual pleasures, ignoring the spiritual desires.
  • Gluttony: The obsessive desire to consume more than that which one requires. It is trying to consume more of anything that you actually need.
  • Sloth: avoidance of physical or spiritual work. It could be laziness but it can also be translated as apathy- not caring about anything or anyone
  • Discernment is the process of figuring out how your personal gifts steer you towards different careers and lifestyles
  • Explore: discover possibilities while having the right motives
  • Seek: direction by looking to Scripture, Tradition and teachings of the Church
  • Ask: advice from wise and knowledgeable person of integrity
  • Assess: your needs, abilities, experiences, etc. in terms of what God might be calling you to do
  • Pray: privately and in community on your vocation
vocation in the o t
Vocation in the O.T.
  • In the Old Testament, the Jewish people were called to a special relationship with God, they were God’s “Chosen People”
  • God’s promises to His people throughout the years was through covenants
  • Covenant: a sacred promise between God and His followers
  • In the O.T., God made covenants with the Israelites on numerous occasions
  • Calls took on numerous forms, and to numerous people, but God was always leading them to Jesus
vocation in the n t
Vocation in the N.T.
  • God’s covenant made in Genesis with Noah and Abraham was fulfilled by Jesus
  • Jesus’ mission was to bring salvation to all humankind
  • Even before Jesus’ birth, people were called to a vocation in the N.T.: Zechariah and Elizabeth and Mary and Joseph
  • Once Jesus’ public ministry begins, he begins to call disciples and apostles
  • Simon Peter, Andrew, James, John, Phillip, Thaddeus, Bartholomew, Thomas, James, Simon, Matthias
vocations for christians today
Vocations for Christians Today
  • The Apostles were the first Christians- At Pentecost, they were commissioned by God to go forth and evangelize
  • Evangelization is the spreading of the Good News of Christ
  • Today, we share in that vocation, to go out and spread the Good News of Christ through our actions and words
the holy spirit
The Holy Spirit
  • The Holy Spirit, part of the Trinity, is what sustains us and helps us in our Christian vocation of discipleship
  • We assert this duty as adult Christians through the sacrament of Confirmation
  • The Catholic Church has identified different gifts that the Holy Spirit gives us
seven gifts of the holy spirit
Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit
  • Wisdom: gives us the power to see things from God’s perspective
  • Understanding: Gives us a to truly comprehend Jesus’ teachings and the Tradition of the Church
  • Counsel (Right Judgment): Helps us know what to do in difficult situations
  • Fortitude (Courage): ensures a confident spirit of resolution, firmness of mind and strong will to overcome obstacles
seven gifts of the holy spirit1
Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit
  • Knowledge: Enables us to judge what is happening in relationships, the environment, and social situations
  • Piety (reverence): places us in the right relationship with God
  • Fear of the Lord (wonder and awe): inspires us with awareness of God’s majesty and the fact that God created us in his image
called to eucharist
Called to Eucharist
  • The source of inspiration for all Christians, from the Apostles to those today, should be the celebration of the Eucharist
  • It recalls the Last Supper
  • “Do this in memory of me”
  • Walk to Emmaus
  • Through the Eucharist, we affirm our discipleship and membership in the Church
call to service
Call to Service
  • Another important part of the Last Supper was the washing of the feet
  • This ritual is performed every Holy Week as a reminder of our call as Christians to serve others as Christ did
  • The Catholic Church in particular has invested in the service of others through schools, hospitals and other social service agencies
the single life

The Single Life

A Life of Value and Meaning

happiness review
Happiness- Review
  • What do we need to be happy?
  • Basically, we need to have the following needs met:
  • Physical Needs
  • Self-identity and Self-Esteem
  • Companionship and Intimacy
  • Self-actualization
happiness in a christian context
Happiness in a Christian Context
  • Jesus provides us with ways to be truly happy when He gave us the Beatitudes (Matthew 5:3-12)
  • Our ideas of what happiness is can change as we age
the single life1
The Single Life
  • Being single comes from many different situations: by choice, waiting to find a spouse, or by divorce or death of a spouse
  • For many, being single is temporary, a “transitional vocation” until they find a partner suitable to marry, enter a religious community, or respond to a call to the priesthood
  • Some are called to the dedicated lay single life, which is permanent
the single life2
The Single Life
  • The dedicated lay single life is a valuable vocation that reflects God’s love in its own unique way
  • Being single has its owns blessings, relationships, advantages, opportunities and challenges
  • The dedicated lay single life is the most flexible vocation- they have more personal freedom to befriend or help people
  • Single life not talked about in Old Testament but is in the New Testament
single life in the n t
Single Life in the N.T.
  • Jesus and several of His Apostles were single, dedicating themselves to Christ’s Church and message
  • Only married Apostle that we have proof of is Peter- Jesus healed his mother-in-law
  • Sometimes, like in the case of Jesus and His Apostles, married life does not fit the vocation that God is calling us to
  • All vocations are rooted in our Christian Baptism
  • The grace given at Baptism (Baptismal Grace) is meant to last a lifetime and continuously enrich our souls
  • Baptismal grace is present to:
  • Make us adoptive sons and daughters of God the Father
  • Make us members of the Church
  • Make us temples of the Holy Spirit
  • Incorporate us into the Church
  • Make us sharer’s in Christ’s priesthood
  • Chastity is the virtue by which sexuality is integrated within a person.
  • It comes under the cardinal moral virtue of temperance, which calls for a balanced use of all our gifts
  • Also rooted in the 6th and 9th Commandments
  • Covet: wanting something or lusting something that does not belong to you
  • According to the Catechism, “The chaste person maintains the integrity of the powers of life and love placed in him/her” (CCC 2338)
  • “Chastity includes an apprenticeship in self-mastery which is a training in human freedom. The alternative is clear: either man governs his passions and finds peace, or lets himself be dominated by them and becomes unhappy.”(CCC 2339)
  • “Chastity is a moral virtue. It is also a gift from God, a grace, a fruit of spiritual effort. The Holy Spirit enables one whom the water of Baptism has regenerated to imitate the purity of Christ.” (CCC 2344)
  • Chastity, according to the Church, blossoms in friendship. When we choose the right friends, our ability to lead a chaste life grows as we imitate the actions of those around us
  • Practicing the virtue of modesty can help. Modesty includes patience, decency, and discretion- it oversees how we dress, share our thoughts and speak about ourselves with others
  • Chastity and modesty are key supports to living out the single life
  • People should live out chastity in a way that is suited to their state of life, guided by moral law
  • Chastity in continence and conjugal chastity
offenses against chastity
Offenses Against Chastity
  • Lust: disordered desire for or inordinate enjoyment of sexual pleasure
  • Masturbation: denies the procreative element of sexuality
  • Fornication: the carnal union between an unmarried man and unmarried woman
  • Adultery: carnal union between a married person and someone other than their spouse
  • Pornography: removal of real or simulated sexual acts from the intimacy of partners in order to display them to third parties
  • Prostitution
  • Rape
  • Celibacy is abstinence from all forms of sexual intercourse
  • In the Catholic Church, two types of people are called to celibacy: the unmarried and those who have taken religious vows
  • “Blessed are the pure of heart, for they will see God” (Matthew 5:8)
  • Premarital sex and cohabitation before marriage are seen as grave offenses against the dignity of marriage
  • They weaken fidelity and undermine the value and nature of family
organizations and affiliations
Organizations and Affiliations
  • Lay people, single and married, can be drawn to the spirituality of different religious communities but don’t take vows
  • Referred to as “Third Order” members
  • First Order and Second Order members are men and women who have taken vows
  • These third orders are recognized by the Church and people make promises, not vows- share in prayer, mass, service and other events
called to married life

Called to Married Life

Catholic Marriage

4 loves c s lewis
4 Loves-C.S. Lewis
  • Storge(affection): fondness through familiarity or brotherly love
  • Philia(friendship): love between friends. Friendship is the strong bond existing between people who share common interest or activity
  • Eros (romance): is love in the sense of 'being in love' or 'loving' someone
  • Agape (unconditional love): is the love that brings forth caring regardless of the circumstance
god is love
God is Love
  • Benedict XVI’s first encyclical
  • Benedict describes how love changes in marriage
  • Begins as a searching love, as new couples explore together what it means to be one flesh and family with in the Church
  • Replaced later by a love that “involves a real discovery of the other, moving beyond the selfish character that prevailed earlier.”
  • Love becomes “concern and care for the other. No longer is it self-seeking, it becomes renunciation and it is ready, and even willing, for sacrifice.”
longing for communion
Longing for Communion
  • Holy Orders and Marriage are both Sacraments at the Service of Communion
  • These Sacraments call to unity
  • John Paul II described four ways in which marriage and family are at the service of communion by:
  • Forming a community of persons
  • Serving Life
  • Sharing in the life and mission of the Church
  • Participating in the development of society
marriage as vocation
Marriage as Vocation
  • Though most people do marry, we should still discern whether or not marriage is our calling from God
  • We should explore opportunities to see what it takes to be successful in a marriage, seek direction from Scripture and Church Tradition and teaching, ask advice from those you trust and will be honest with you and assess your needs, abilities, and relationships in relation to what marriage entails
  • How do we know when we have found the right person?
six stages in the relationship cycle
Six Stages in the Relationship Cycle
  • Attraction/Infatuation
  • Confrontation of Faults and Differences
  • Crises
  • Acceptance/Separation
  • Love
  • Committment
stage 1 attraction infatuation
STAGE 1 Attraction/Infatuation
  • Attraction:
    • Physical Attractiveness
    • Competency
  • Infatuation
    • Exciting
    • Supportive
    • Often Self-Centered
    • Short-lived
    • Pre-Occupied with Thoughts of the Other
    • Physical Contact a major aspect
    • Problems Shelved
stage 2 confrontation of faults differences
STAGE 2: Confrontation of Faults & Differences
  • I’ll change
  • She’ll change
  • I can deal with it
  • Do Opposites Really


stages 2 3 a study of compatibility
STAGES 2 & 3A Study of Compatibility
  • What really matters in a relationship?
  • Interests?
  • Values?
  • Personality
  • A combination of all of these/some?
stage 3 crisis
Stage 3: Crisis
  • Reality sets in. I can not change. He/She will not change. I really can not deal with it.
  • I evaluate compatibility. Are similarities greater than differences?
  • I begin to see the “real person”: the good, the bad and the ugly
  • Results: disappointment, dissatisfaction, disillusion
stage 4 acceptance separation
STAGE 4 Acceptance/Separation
  • Acceptance:
    • To value the same things
    • Importance of the other person
    • Respect for who & what the other person is
    • Tolerance
separation grief
Separation: Grief
  • If acceptance is not possible, separation will occur. Often an individual will grieve as a result of a relationship loss.
  • Grieving is painful in proportion to the significance of the person/thing lost
stages of grief
Stages of Grief
  • 1. Denial
  • 2. Anger
  • 3. Bargaining
  • 4. Depression
  • 5. Acceptance
  • 6. Reconciliation
stage 5 love
Stage 5: Love
  • To love is to give yourself freely and without reservation
  • Love is the will to extend ones’ self for the purpose of one’s own and another's spiritual growth.
  • Love is an act of will - both an intention and an action
  • Love is a circular process for the process of extending one’s self is an evolutionary process.

“Love means never having to say

you are sorry.”

“To love another person is to see

the face of God.”





Often self-centered


Preoccupied w/ thoughts of the other

Physical contact a major aspect

Problems shelved

Other person centered

Results in sharing

Understands & appreciates other

Faces problems frankly together

Enduring-stands the test of time

Physical contact meaningful

but not the dominant element



stage 6 commitment
STAGE 6 Commitment
  • Commitment means that partners must regularly, routinely, and predictably attend to each other and their relationship.
  • Those who love are genuinely concerned for the spiritual growth of another. They know that they can significantly foster that growth only through a relationship of constancy.
catholic marriage
Catholic Marriage
  • The Catholic Church teaches that marriage is a Christian vocation. The couple’s relationship is more than simply their choice to enter a union which is a social and legal institution. Besides these things, marriage involves a call from God and a response from two people who promise to build, with the help of divine grace, a lifelong, intimate and sacramental partnership of love and life.
catholic marriage1
Catholic Marriage
  • During Chapter 1, we discussed the universal call to holiness.
  • The call to marriage is a particular way of living the universal call to holiness given to every Christian in the Sacrament of Baptism.
  • The vocation to marriage is a call to a life of holiness and service within the couple’s own relationship and in their family. As a particular way of following the Lord, this vocation also challenges a couple to live their marriage in a way that expresses God’s truth and love in the world.
pre christian marriage
Pre-Christian Marriage
  • During Jesus’ time, marriages (and divorces) were arranged
  • Divorce was permissible under Jewish law of the time: man could divorce his wife whenever he wanted but a woman needed a husband’s permission to divorce
  • Marriage was not an equal relationship between a man and woman
jesus teachings on marriage
Jesus’ Teachings on Marriage
  • Jesus brought a new view on marriage
  • Marriage, according to Jesus, is to be a sign of the new covenant with God
  • This covenant is based on faithful love and should be entered into freely by both spouses
  • When asked by His disciples why Moses allowed divorce, Jesus said that “It was because you were so hard-hearted that Moses allowed you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it was not so.” (Matthew 19:8)
sacrament of marriage
Sacrament of Marriage
  • The Church recognizes the legal authority of civil marriages
  • However, for a marriage to be sacramental, it must be performed within the Church
  • A valid sacramental marriage involves a man and women who
    • Both freely give their consent to be married to the other person
    • Intend to remain married for life
    • Be open to having and raising children
sacrament of marriage1
Sacrament of Marriage
  • Marriages must take the proper ecclesiastical form
  • If it is two baptized Catholics, it should be during a mass
  • Why? 1) Sacramental marriage is a liturgical act and should be celebrated in the public liturgy of the Church

2) Couples enter into a covenant before God, blessed by Christ- it gives them certain rights and responsibilities

3) witnesses are needed to certify that a marriage has validly taken place and

4) getting married in Church has couples make a promise before God and the community- helps them remain faithful

rite of marriage
Rite of Marriage
  • Introduction
  • Questions
  • Consent (couples must state that each is free to marry and is freely choosing the marriage)
  • Blessing of Rings
  • Exchange of Rings
  • General Intercessions
natural family planning
Natural Family Planning
  • The Church teaches that sexual union in marriage has two goals: the well-being of both spouses (unitive) and the transmission of new life (procreative)
  • Both goals must be present in every act of sexual union between a husband and a wife. Thus, the Church teaches that the use of contraception is wrong
  • Sexuality is a gift- not a right
natural family planning1
Natural Family Planning
  • Married couples are called to generosity in being open to life, yet may take into account their physical, economic, psychological and social conditions (Humanae Vitae, 10).
  • The Church does provide guidance for married couples who want to wait to have children through Natural Family Planning
  • Couples track the woman’s fertile phases and can choose to have sex or not during that period
  • 97-99% effective when used properly
marrying a non catholic
Marrying a Non-Catholic
  • Compatibility in faith and morals is vital for happiness in marriage
  • Mixed marriage: a Catholic marries a baptized non-Catholic (requires permission)
  • Disparity of cult: a Catholic marries a non-baptized person (requires dispensation)
  • Church does not require conversion, and counsels against conversion when it is just to please a spouse
marrying a non catholic1
Marrying a Non-Catholic
  • Sacrament of Marriage only occurs between baptized persons
  • In the other situations, the Church will bless the marriage and consider it valid, but to receive the Sacrament of Marriage, both parties must be baptized
  • The Sacrament of Marriage is a sign of a couple’s love for each other and Christ
  • The Church recognizes that there are some situations that make it impossible for a married couple to stay together
  • A couple who gets a civil divorce is still married in the eyes of the Church and are not free to re-marry
  • Divorced Catholics are encouraged to remain active in the Church
  • When a divorced Catholic enters into a civil marriage with someone else, the Catholic is still a member of the Church but cannot receive communion or other sacraments
  • A Catholic annulment, also known as a declaration of nullity or invalidity, is a statement of fact by the Catholic Church. After carefully examining the couple's broken relationship, the Church states that a valid marriage, as the Church defines marriage, never existed.
  • Individual dioceses handle annulments- marriage is investigated and grounds for annulment are looked into
grounds for annulment
Grounds for Annulment
  • Refusal or inability to consummate the marriage (inability or refusal to have sex)
  • Bigamy, incest (being married to someone else, or close relatives), also adopted siblings cannot be married
  • Duress (being forced or coerced into marriage against one's will or serious external pressure, for example a pregnancy)
  • Mental incapacity (considered unable to understand the nature and expectations of marriage)
grounds for annulment1
Grounds for Annulment
  • Lack of knowledge or understanding of the full implications of marriage as a life-long commitment in faithfulness and love, with priority to spouse and children.
  • Psychological inability to live the marriage commitment as described above.
  • Illegal "Form of Marriage" (ceremony was not performed according to Catholic canon law)
  • One/both partners was under the influence of drugs, or addicted to a chemical substance.
  • Children of annulled marriages are not illegitimate in the eyes of the Church
  • An annulment is a declaration by the Church that no real sacramental bond existed from the beginning of the marriage
  • Once an annulment occurs, both parties are free to remarry in the Church if they desire
  • Church annulments have no effect on the legality of a marriage, just the sacramental side of the marriage
called to religious life

Called to Religious Life

Ordained Ministers and Consecrated Persons in the Catholic Church

overview of ministries
Overview of Ministries
  • Episcopacy or Order of Bishops- receives the fullness of the Sacrament of Holy Orders. Chosen by the Pope
  • Priests of Order of the Presbyter- day to day sacramental life of the Church goes through priests
  • Permanent Deacons- transitional deacons are those who are going to become priests. Permanent deacons are married men who serve the Church in an ordained capacity but cannot celebrate the Eucharist
  • As we discussed earlier, celibacy is required for Roman Catholic priests
  • Not always the way in the Church, but has been since the Second Lateran Council of 1139
  • Protestant ministers who convert to Catholicism can remained married if already so before their conversion
  • Eastern Churches allow for married priests (even those under the Pope) but still value celibate priests. Only celibate priests can be bishops
diocesan priests and religious order priests
Diocesan Priests and Religious Order Priests
  • Members of religious orders can also be priest
  • They usually take vows of poverty, chastity and obedience to his order prior to ordination
  • Religious Order Priests tend to live in community with other vowed priests and brothers
  • Their Holy Orders may either be given by the local bishop or abbot if his religious order
  • Still must remain faithful and in good standing with the local bishop
  • Diocesan priests only take vows of obedience and chastity
bishops the local ordinary
Bishops: The Local Ordinary
  • Local ordinary is the residential bishop who has immediate responsibility for and jurisdiction over his own particular Church, known as a diocese
  • Bishops are responsible for

1. Authentically teaching the faith

2. Celebrating divine worship, especially the Eucharist

3. Overseeing the spiritual ministry of all Catholic parishes, schools and other ministries of the diocese

4. Guide his Church and work with the diocese’s priests, religious communities and laity

  • In larger dioceses there are also auxiliary bishops who assist the Bishop in his duties
  • Bishops are also known as “pontiffs”- literally means a bridge maker.
  • Pope Francis I is the Supreme Pontiff as pope
evangelical counsels consecrated persons
Evangelical CounselsConsecrated Persons
  • Consecrated religious men and women transfigure themselves to Christ most especially through the evangelical counsels- poverty, chastity and obedience- which they vow to live
  • Consecrated religious sell their possessions and own nothing in their name giving their money to the poor and following Jesus
  • They give themselves to God completely by living a celibate life for the sake of the kingdom
  • They give complete obedience to God, the community and the Church through their religious communities
religious orders in the church
Religious Orders in the Church
  • Sizes of religious communities across the world are shrinking, particularly in the US
  • Religious orders each have a unique charism, based on their founders, that guide their mission in the Church and world
  • Charism is a gift that flows from God loves for humans- a charism denotes a calling and focus of a religious community
history of religious life
History of Religious Life
  • Religious Life began after Christ’s death with a few Christians, mainly women, who remained unmarried and lived simply- many became martyrs in the early Church
  • 3rd Century: monks began living in solitude (hermits) and then began small communities (monasteries)
  • 5th Century- nuns began living in communities (convent)- vowed poverty and chastity
  • 6th-8th century: Irish monasteries- live in community under the “Rule” of founders
history of religious life1
History of Religious Life
  • 9th-12th centuries: rise of the large monastery as centers of learning with strict rules
  • 13th Century- in response to some abuses, medicant (begging) orders and preacher orders (Franciscans and Dominicans in particular)began. Owned no property and called people to a simpler life
  • 16th Century: Jesuits formed- community life without monastic enclosure (cloister)- educators and reformers
cloistered religious life
Cloistered Religious Life
  • Some religious communities are cloistered- enclosed so that occupants are totally separated from the outside world
  • Those communities are generally contemplative by nature-focused on prayer, Christian perfection and union with Christ
  • Cloistered men are properly called monks and cloistered women are called nuns
  • Not cloistered are brothers and sisteres
liturgy of the hours
Liturgy of the Hours
  • The Liturgy of the Hours, also known as the Divine Office, is the official prayer of the Church
  • It is divided into sections that are to be prayed to mark the passing hours of the day and night
  • Contemplative communities schedule their day around the Liturgy of the Hours, including some communities even getting up in the middle of the night to pray
formation of members
Formation of Members
  • The formation period for new members is very important to discerning a vocation to a religious order
  • Formation periods, which can last several years, involve a period of training in which new members are introduced to the many prayers, practices, rules and traditions of that order
  • Postulants are new members undergoing formation
  • Novices are the next level- they begin to participate more fully in community activities
  • After the novitiate is completed, they take final (permanent) vows and become members of the order