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SIBILANTS. s ea sh ip z ero mea s ure ch ur ch j u dg e. s ea sh ip z ero mea s ure ch ur ch j u dg e. sí sjipp seró mesjúr tsörts dsöds. Problems with sibilants. Icelandic has only 1 sibilant: English has 4: and two afficates: . NO RULE. RULE!. Problems with sibilants.

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Presentation Transcript
slide3

sea ship zero measure churchjudge

sí sjipp seró mesjúr tsörts dsöds

problems with sibilants
Problems with sibilants
  • Icelandic has only 1 sibilant:
  • English has 4:

and two afficates:

problems with sibilants5

NO RULE

RULE!

Problems with sibilants
  • Spelling is a poor indication of which sibilant is used
  • VOICING of s or z is particularly badly represented
    • base phase loose choose
    • rates clothes wages

s

z

z

s

problems with sibilants6

NO RULE

Problems with sibilants
  • base phase loose choose

s

z

z

s

slide11
base phase loose choose

rates clothes wages

NO RULE

RULE!

slide12
plural – the dog gave two short barks

possessive – the dog’s bark, the dogs’ barks

3rd person sg. – this dog barks

abbreviation for is – his bark’s worse than his bite

abbreviation for has – his bark’s been recorded

-s, -’s, -s’, -es

s s s es
-s, -’s, -s’, -es

cats cat’s cats’ gets barks -

dogs dog’s dog’s runs mews -

fishes fish’s fishes’ masses

catches judges roses Rose’s

boxes Butch’s

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1

2

slide15

Rule ordering:

The rules must apply in the following order:

  • Is the preceding sound a sibilant?

fish’s masses catches roses boxes

  • Is the preceding sound fortis?

cats gets barks

  • In all other cases –

dogs runs mews

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Rule ordering:

The rules must apply in a certain order

What do we mean by this?

  • Where are these “rules” to be found?
  • Are they invented by linguists?
  • Or discovered by linguists?
  • Do normal English speakers use these rules to form –s endings?
  • Do they know about them?
  • Do they somehow exist in their brains?