el subjuntivo vs el indicativo en cl usulas adjetivas n.
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El subjuntivo vs. el indicativo en cláusulas adjetivas. An adjective clause is a dependent clause that describes the noun in the main clause. The noun in the main clause is called the antecedent . Tengo un amigo que sabe hablar cinco idiomas . antecedent adjective clause

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slide2
An adjective clause is a dependent clause that

describes the noun in the main clause. The noun

in the main clause is called the antecedent.

  • Tengo un amigo que sabe hablar cinco idiomas.

antecedent adjective clause

  • Quiero conocer a alguien que sepa muchos idiomas.

antecedent adjective clause

slide3
The adjective clause must have the subjunctive if the antecedent is a person or thing that does not exist or we don’t know if it exists(indefinite antecedent)
  • No hay nadie que pueda traducir esta carta.

does not exist subjunctive

  • Necesitamosun libro que explique mejor la gramática.

indefinite subjunctive

slide4
The adjective clause must have the indicative if the antecedent is a person or thing that definitely exists or is certain.
  • Conozco a alguien que puede traducir esta carta.

definitely exists indicative

  • Tenemosun libro que explica mejor la gramática.

definitely exists indicative

slide5
When the “sentence” is a question, we don’t know if the antecedent exists or not, therefore the adjective clause must have the subjunctive.
  • ¿Conoces a alguien que pueda traducir esta carta?

don’t know if it exists subjunctive

  • ¿Tienen Uds.un libro que explique mejor la gramática.

don’t know if it exists subjunctive

slide6
Remember that the main clause will NEVER have a verb in the subjunctive.
  • No hay nadie que quiera jugar conmigo.

indicative

  • Conocí a muchas personas que hablaban español.

indicative

  • ¿Tienes un bolígrafo que no sea rojo?

indicative

el subjuntivo con ojal tal vez quiz s
El Subjuntivo con Ojalá, Tal vez & Quizás
  • The word ojalá is a word that came from the Arab and it literally means “May Allah grant your wish”. The meaning has changed in Spanish to “I hope or let’s hope that”
  • In a sentence Ojalá is always followed by the subjunctive since you are expressing a wish or desire that may or may not happen.
  • The word que usually follows ojalá but it is not required.
slide8
Ojalá yo pueda ir a la fiesta de fin de año.

I hope that I am able go to the end of the year party.

  • Ojalá que todos saquen buena nota en el control.

Let’s hope that everyone gets a good grade on the quiz.

  • “Ojalá que llueva café en el campo” ***

“Let’s hope that it rains coffee on the fields.” *** (Título de una canción de Juan Luis Guerra.)

slide9
Tal vez & Quizás both mean perhaps or maybe and they are always followed by the subjunctive.
  • Tal vez (yo) vaya a la fiesta el fin de semana.

Maybe I will go to the party on the weekend.

  • Quizás la profe nos dé un control fácil esta vez.

Perhaps the teacher will give us an easy quiz this time.

slide10
If the words Tal vez &quizás are at the END of the sentence, then the verb must be in the indicative (not the subjunctive)
  • Vamos a ir a la fiesta, tal vez.

We are going to the party, perhaps.

  • No habrá más días fríos esta primavera, quizás.

There won’t be any more cold days this spring, maybe.