War on drugs. The cases of Colombia and Mexico. A tale of two epochs. Why colombia ?. But first, the business. Planting & harvesting the coca leaf (2 species & 2 varieties): US $3 dollar/kg Conversion of coca leaves into coca paste & coca base & cocaine: US $3.000 dollar/kg (from US $200)
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The cases of Colombia and Mexico
A weak Colombian state: unable to control territory; strong in economic management; impervious to popular demands.
Joint effort US-Colombia aimed to:
Mejia & Restrepo (2009)
Colombia has become a safer place due to curbing on drugs´ collateral business: kidnappings, extortion …. corruption …
Since the late 1980: the main conduit for Colombian cocaine (and an active marihuana, heroin & methamphetamines producer)
The Zetas (GC former armed wing, Tamaulipas)
The Ciudad Juarez Cartel,, The Beltran-Leyva Cartel (Sinaloa)