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Implementing Mandatory Health Insurance – Lessons from Abu Dhabi. Discussion Material – June 2013 . Agenda. The Abu Dhabi Experience Potential Lessons for Others Discussion . Abu Dhabi.

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implementing mandatory health insurance lessons from abu dhabi

Implementing Mandatory Health Insurance – Lessons from Abu Dhabi

Discussion Material – June 2013

agenda
Agenda
  • The Abu Dhabi Experience
  • Potential Lessons for Others
  • Discussion
abu dhabi
Abu Dhabi
  • Largest and wealthiest of the Emirates in the UAE with 9% of world’s proven oil reserves and one of the highest GDP per capita in the world
  • Population >2m of which <20% UAE citizens
  • Ambitious economic diversification program (Ethiad Airways, Formula 1, Insead/NYU/Sorbonne, CCAD, …)
health system challenges prior to health insurance
Health System Challenges Prior to Health Insurance

Lack of access

  • Lack of meaningful access especially for low-earning individuals
  • Lack of choice for UAE Nationals (public sector free only)
  • Limited data without ties between financial and clinical performance (“are we getting value for money?”)

Lack of clinical and financial transparency

  • Public funding not based on activity (block budget)
  • Perceived lack of customer responsiveness in public sector as a result
  • Employers not adequately sharing in cost of providing health care especially for expatriates

Overreliance on public funding

health care reform response
Health Care Reform Response

Health Financing Reform

Introduction of Mandatory Health Insurance

Creation of Pure Regulator (HAAD) and Modern Payment System

Use of Private Sector/Public Private Partnerships

  • Vision
  • Access to health care for all
  • Financing through health insurance
  • Flexible and efficient financial system
over 98 of population now covered by health insurance
Over 98% of Population Now Covered by Health Insurance

Mixed model with three tiers reflective of demographic set-up

Note Some member numbers may be inflated, as in-year cancellations are not excluded.

Source Payer submissions; some insurance data not available ( AXA, and Al Wathba, Noor Takaful Family , Dubai, Green Crescent , Al Hilal Takaful – PSC and Methaq Takaful)

the mandatory health insurance scheme was rolled out in three phases
The mandatory health insurance scheme was rolled out in three phases

Preparation & Setup

Phase 1 “Rollout“

Phase 2 “Rollout“

Phase 3 “Nationals“

Feb - Aug 2005

  • Selection of international partner (tender): several international companies approached

November 2005

  • of project in Abu Start Dhabi

December 2005

  • Signing of contracts between Daman and Munich Re

1st May 2006

  • Start pilot phase
  • 1st July 2006
  • All „expats“ of government and companies with 1,000 employees
  • Around 250,000 Daman insured members end 2006

1st January 2007

  • Health insurance compulsory for “all Expats“
  • 950,000 Daman insured members end 2007

June 2008

  • Compulsory health insurance for UAE Nationals.
  • Risk carrier government; Daman Management – TPA.

Basic

Enhanced

Thiqa

Insurance products reflect the different needs and demographic characteristics of the UAE population

  • Monthly total salary package ≤ 5,000 AED incl. housing
  • Exclusively by Daman for 600 AED p.a.
  • Risk carrier: fully reinsured by Abu Dhabi government (until 2016)
  • Different benefits, limits and territorial coverage
  • Risk carrier: Daman with reinsurance from Munich Re
  • For UAE Nationals
  • Risk carrier: Department of Finance Abu Dhabi
reduced government role in financing
Reduced Government Role in Financing

Individuals

Employer

Department of Finance

Insurers

Private Providers

Public Providers

Foreign Providers

Administrative

  • Actively regulated and increasingly competitive health insurance market
  • Public providers now claiming insurance revenue and open to all payers
  • Government still a very active player and responsible for some direct funding
health care reform response1
Health Care Reform Response

Health Financing Reform

Introduction of Mandatory Health Insurance

Creation of Pure Regulator (HAAD) and Modern Payment System

Use of Private Sector/Public Private Partnerships

  • Vision
  • Access to health care for all
  • Financing through health insurance
  • Flexible and efficient financial system
slide10

A Modern Payment System Promoted by an Independent Regulator

  • Mandatory e-claims for all
  • Standard coded data open to audits
  • Standard price list regularly benchmarked for comparability
  • “The Right Incentives” (DRGs, E&Ms, PBM, co-pays, …)
health care reform response2
Health Care Reform Response

Health Financing Reform

Introduction of Mandatory Health Insurance

Creation of Pure Regulator (HAAD) and Modern Payment System

Use of Private Sector/Public Private Partnerships

  • Vision
  • Access to health care for all
  • Financing through health insurance
  • Flexible and efficient financial system
daman example for a successful ppp model
DAMAN – Example for a Successful PPP Model
  • PPP started with MunichRe as an operator of DAMAN providing systems and management
  • Building trust with the government after successful execution of mandatory health insurance, MunichRe became a shareholder
  • Now both are jointly expanding locally (broader product range) and regionally (KSA, Qatar, …)
daman is one the leading specialized health insurance companies in the region
Daman is one the leading specialized health insurance companies in the region

Solution provided

  • Initial problem / challenge
  • Daman is the first specialized health insurer in the UAE, licensed 2006 (no other lines of business)
  • Daman is owned 80% by the government of Abu Dhabi and 20% by Munich Re
  • Munich Re appointed as strategic partner responsible for the establishment and operation of Daman (Management Agreement)
  • MR is the exclusive reinsurer for all enhanced products as an incentive alignment
  • Daman is the exclusive provider for the government subsidized basic product (Abu Dhabi government is risk taker / reinsurer)
  • Daman is managing the Thiqa program for the Abu Dhabi government
  • Utilizes the insurance back-office IT system MedNext from Munich Re
  • Employer is responsible for full payment of insurance premium by Abu Dhabi law
  • Employee has to pay a small deductible / co-insurance per out patient visit
  • Strong growth since inception with four main branches and more than 23 service points across the UAE
  • Support the reform of the healthcare system
  • Ensure the health insurance of expats working in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi
  • Today: 2.3 million members (409,173 “enhanced”; 1,287,511 “basic”; 689,189 “Thiqa”)

Client value

  • Daman fulfills its important role within the reform process of the healthcare system in Abu Dhabi
  • Daman is expanding outside the Emirate of Abu Dhabi
  • Daman has created 1,500 jobs in the Emirate and employs more than 100 Emirati Nationals

Membership development 2006-2012 (incl. thiqa)

critical success factors
Critical Success Factors
  • Political/social support: Full government support at all levels
  • Win-win objectives: Social objective for AD government , viable investment for MunichRe, AD government shareholder of new regional champion
  • Competitive partner selection process: RfPprocess with participation of major international players
  • Seamless execution: Exceeding plans (both operational as well as financial)
  • Robust legal framework and good regulation: Support from law/bylaw and creation and continuous upgrading of HAAD
  • Appropriate risk allocation and controls: Economic incentives for DAMAN to succeedwhile mitigation of risk for DAMAN in government contracts (basic/thiqa)
  • Technology and skills transfer: Development of local layer of management independent of MunichRe
  • Good governance: Management of potential conflicts of interest between (a) government-funded and private business; (b) public majority and private shareholder
agenda1
Agenda
  • The Abu Dhabi Experience
  • Potential Lessons for Others
  • Discussion
clarify your intentions first
Clarify Your Intentions First
  • Protect against risk of financial ruin and increase access to services?
  • Shift financing burden from government to employers/employees?
  • Increase financial/clinical transparency and increase efficiency through better incentives?
  • Make people happy through more choice (public and private) and increase customer responsiveness of providers (money follows patients)?

What is your ability to stomach potential cost increases as a result?

as a result r egional design c hoices can v ary
As a Result, Regional Design Choices Can Vary

*including domestic staff

**including mandatory electronic exchange of all information and partial risk transfer to providers (e.g., DRGs)

carefully prepare for a ppp
Carefully Prepare for a PPP
  • Are you ready to accelerate the implementation of health insurance with imported technical skills in a PPP structure
  • Can you clearly communicate your intentions to an external partner in a PPP venture
  • Can you manage the complexity inherent in the creation of an able regulator and are you willing to adequately staff and pay for such a function which is needed as a counterpart in any PPP structure
  • Do you have the contract management skills to set up and monitor a PPP structure with incentives for both sides to succeed
agenda2
Agenda
  • The Abu Dhabi Experience
  • Potential Lessons for Others
  • Discussion