Chapter 16 psychological disorders • Learning Objectives-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 • Read pgs. 639-669
Psychological Disorders Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns. Standards for deviant behavior vary by culture, context, and time. • Medical Model- Philippe Pinel • Biopsychosocial Approach- genetics, psychological influences, and social-cultural circumstances • The Diagnostic Statistical Manual
Anxiety Disorders • Generalized Anxiety Disorder- always tense • Panic Disorder- feels like a heart attack • Phobias- focused anxiety
Which 10 phobias do people fear most? Fear of cancer Fear of snakes Cats Tornadoes and hurricanes Hell Being bound or tied up Drowning Fire Reptiles Heights Numbers Public speaking The number 13 Being buried alive
Other interesting phobias • Anthophobia-fear of flowers • Phonophobia-speaking aloud • Trichophboia-hair • Dementophobia-insanity • Uxoriphobia-ones wife • Santa Claustrophobia- getting stuck in a chimney • Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia- long words
Anxiety disorders Obsessive Compulsive Disorder • A young woman is continuously terrified by the thought that cars might careen onto the sidewalk and run her over. She always walks as far from the street pavement as possible and always wears red clothing to be visible immediately to an out-of-control car. • A mother is tormented by the concern that she might inadvertently contaminate food as she cooks for her family. Everyday she sterilizes all cooking utensils in boiling water, scours every pot and pan before placing food in it, and wears rubber gloves while handling the food.
Anxiety Disorders • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder • Survivor resiliency- symptoms subside • Post Traumatic Growth- become a better person • http://video.pbs.org/video/1218724990/#
Explaining Anxiety Disorders Active brain scan of female with PTSD. Learning Perspective • Fear Conditioning • Stimulus Generalization • Reinforcement • Observational Learning Biological Perspective • Natural Selection • Genes • The Brain