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Canine Distemper (CDV). Presented By: Lindsey Keiser. Canine Distemper:. Is one of the most significant and highly contagious viral diseases of dogs. It also affects raccoons, coyotes, foxes, skunks, and weasels. Targets various organ systems at the same time.

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canine distemper cdv

Canine Distemper (CDV)

Presented By: Lindsey Keiser

canine distemper
Canine Distemper:
  • Is one of the most significant and highly contagious viral diseases of dogs.
    • It also affects raccoons, coyotes, foxes, skunks, and weasels.
  • Targets various organ systems at the same time.
  • It is caused by a paramyxovirus, a type of virus that causes measles in humans and rinderpest in hoofed- animals such as cattle.
  • There is no cure for canine distemper.
symptoms of canine distemper
Symptoms of Canine Distemper:
  • Gooey eye and nose discharge
  • Fever (which often comes and goes unnoticed)
  • Poor appetite
  • Coughing and the development of pneumonia
  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Callusing of the nose and foot pads
    • Hence why distemper was once called hard pad disease
  • Seizures
    • Also tremors, imbalance, limb weakness, brain swelling, increased sensitivity, and partial to complete paralysis
    • A ”chewing gum” seizure often occurs , that affects the head and makes the animal appear to be chewing gum
transmission and infection
Transmission and Infection:
  • Canine distemper is spread in many ways:
    • Through exhalation, infected eye and nose secretions, urine, feces, and even food and water that have been exposed.
  • The virus first enters the lymph system, then the blood and finally effects the respiratory, gastrointestinal, urogential, and central nervous systems.
  • The last stage is when symptoms become noticeable.
prevention of canine distemper
Prevention of Canine Distemper:
  • The prevention of CDV is easy.
  • Distemper vaccination has been available since the 1950s.
  • Vaccination of young dogs begin as early as 6 weeks of age.
    • Booster shots are given yearly.
  • Basic hygiene and sanitation can also kill the virus.
    • Example-standard disinfectants.
treatment of canine distemper
Treatment of Canine Distemper:
  • Similar to other viral disease there is no direct treatment for canine distemper.
  • Early detection of the disease is important to increase chances of recovery.
  • Antibiotic therapy may lessen any detrimental effects of secondary bacteria infections.
  • Once an animal is infected you can only offer support and hope for the best.
  • Recovery can be absolute.
    • However, even with utmost care, lingering signs do appear throughout the animal’s life such as muscle twitching.