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The Global Standardisation Forum for India (GISFI). Ramjee Prasad Founding Chairman, GISFI www.gisfi.org February 10, 2011, Geneva, HoD GSC-16 meeting. Vision and Objectives .

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the global standardisation forum for india gisfi

The Global Standardisation Forum for India (GISFI)

RamjeePrasad

Founding Chairman, GISFI

www.gisfi.org

February 10, 2011,

Geneva,

HoD GSC-16 meeting

vision and objectives
Vision and Objectives

To be an ICT standards forum in India, that develops standards to meet the Indian requirements, as well as contributes towards the evolution of Global Standards

  • To unify standardization efforts in India
  • To create standards addressing the specificity of the Indian ICT Scenario
  • To answer the business needs of the Indian market
    • To promote Indian Initiatives Globally
  • To strengthen ties with leading institutes
  • To develop and cultivate R&D agenda
  • To develop skilled manpower & IPRs
members and collaborators
Members and Collaborators
  • 13 corporate and academic institutional members
    • NIKSUN
    • NEC
    • Ericsson
    • Motorola
    • VNL
    • TejasNetworks
    • Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)
    • Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN)
    • WIP Labs
    • COAI
    • IIT- Hyderabad
    • IIIT-Allahabad
    • Sinhgad Technical Education Society
  • Officially approved and recognised by:
  • Telecom Engineering Centre (TEC)
  • The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) , Ministry of Communications & IT , Government of India
gisfi collaborations
GISFI Collaborations
  • With ITU- Sector Member of ITU-T
  • With ETSI
  • With ARIB
  • With TEC
  • Observer at GSC-15
  • Negotaitions with IEEE ongoing
current status of mobile sector in india
Current Status of Mobile Sector in India
  • India’ population is more rural areas (almost two-third) with tele-density of 13%.
  • With saturation of urban markets, rural India poses a huge opportunity to telecom operators.
  • India currently has around 3 lakh towers, and the number is expected to increase to 4.5 lakh towers with 900,000 tenants in the next three years.
  • The big challenges for rural telecom network are to maintain network uptime due to frequent power cuts, power problems and equipments maintenance. Immediate solution is running the base stations with diesel power adding high cost to the operations. Given the frequent power cuts, each tenant consumes almost 3,000 liters of diesel every year on a shared tower.
some indian market specifics and standardisation effort challenges 1
GISIF#1, 21-23 June, 2010Some Indian Market Specifics and Standardisation Effort Challenges (1)
  • Micro-payment (ek rupia barah ana):Can the mobile communications network make payment happen without all the hassle of people running around?
  • User as a service provider (aur paisa):Can anyone become a service provider over the mobile network? How can this be done? Are there any ICT related issues that should be taken care of?
some indian market specifics and standardisation effort challenges 2
GISIF#1, 21-23 June, 2010Some Indian Market Specifics and Standardisation Effort Challenges (2)
  • Grades of service (achcha mahnga):How to differentiate quality while considering coverage and capacity – on existing networks?
  • P2P over mobile networks (muft ka):How is it being done? Will there be any need of modification in existing networks?
  • M2M in Indian context (bin admi ka):Smart grid but then can it take care of fraudulent usage? Can it also cover healthcare?
some indian market specifics and standardisation effort challenges 3
GISIF#1, 21-23 June, 2010Some Indian Market Specifics and Standardisation Effort Challenges (3)
  • Unsolicited communication(ye bhi le lo):What can we do to take care of unsolicited communication? Regulators? Operator? Users? Service providers?
  • Cloud and the network (badal tak): Cloud is now coming everywhere – is there any work needed on this for the mobile networks?
  • IT over mobile network (hath mein kam):How can IT services be provided by mobile operators / over the mobile networks?
gisfi standardisation topics relevant to the indian scenario
GISFI Standardisation Topics Relevant to the Indian Scenario
  • Spectrum
  • Future Radio Access Technologies
  • Internet of Things
  • Service Oriented Networks
  • Green ICT
  • Special Interest Group: Security and Quality of Service
spectrum
Spectrum
  • Spectral Crisis
    • Not sufficient to serve 1.2 Billion Population
    • Machine to machine (M2M) yet not huge
  • Goasl of GISFI Spectrum Effort:
    • Lower Frequency Range Spectrum
    • Higher Frequency Range Spectrum
    • Capacity Limited Scenarios
      • Multi-GHz Carrier Frequencies
      • Multiple Hops at High Carrier Frequencies
gisfi standardisation topic spectrum
GISFI Standardisation Topic: Spectrum
  • To decide or select the spectrum related topics/ areas for standardization;
  • To initiate work on those areas in the order of their perceived priorities.
  • Basic issues pertaining to spectrum and in consideration of the Indian scenario- spectral crisis and how to provide services to 1.2 billion population?
    • Inputs from all stake holders;
    • Inputs from other Groups in GISFI
other gisfi spectrum focus
Other GISFI Spectrum Focus:
  • Spectrum refarming:
  • To identify spectrum needs & suitable frequency bands for mobile services’ growth:
    • Immediate needs (upto5 years’ time frame) upto4 GHz band;
    • Foreseen mid term needs (5 –10 years) up to 6 GHz band in line with technological development;
    • Futuristic spectrum needs (beyond 10 years) taking into account technologies on the horizon;
  • Frequency of spectrum refarming exercises;
  • Time frame allowed for existing users to shift?
  • Compensation, if any –in cash or kind?
  • Ensuring continued optimum use of spectrum
  • Encouraging/ incentivising use of higher, unused/ virgin frequency bands;
  • Appropriate tools including differential spectrum pricing to encourage refarming:
gisfi standardisation topic future radio access technologies
GISFI Standardisation Topic:Future Radio Access Technologies
  • Indian Specifics: majority of population in rural areas with teledensity of 13%
  • Energy Efficiency
  • Advanced Schedulers and Measurement Schemes
  • Advanced Channel Models
  • Need for improving the Spectrum Efficiency
  • Use of femtocells?
gisfi standardisation topic iot goals
GISFI Standardisation Topic: IoT-Goals
  • Identifying the technology gaps in IoT standardization and possible areas of contribution.
  • Collection of requirements from Indian perspective of IoT
  • Collection of requirements on handling intra-and inter-domain interoperability, security, privacy and trust management issues.
  • Preparation of the initial proposals on IoT standardization on protocol and semantic interoperability, security, privacy and trust management issues.
gisfi standardisation topic service oriented networks
GISFI Standardisation Topic: Service Oriented Networks
  • SeON Drivers
    • User experience matters: Content and collaboration service components enrich user experience on the top of communications and sessions services
    • Service deployment and operation is critical to establish new business models
    • Interoperable service enablers bring strong deployment and operation properties in order to guarantee QoE across domains
    • IMS brings interoperable roaming, authenticated multimedia calls, subscriber, network and device authentication
    • SOA principles to ensure strong S/W principles lead to maximized quality/cost
gisfi standardisation topic service oriented networks17
GISFI Standardisation Topic: Service Oriented Networks
  • Development of a high level framework for SeON that will address:
    • How can the service providers implement the concept of SoA, Web 2.0 and IMS into their services
    • Consistency with the unique Indian regulatory, business and infrastructure
    • Urban and Rural India requirements
standardisation topic green ict
Standardisation Topic: Green ICT
  • Energy requirements by telecom sector in India and concerns:
    • Energy related expenditure accounts for nearly 70% of total operating cost per cell site in the rural areas.
    • The power requirement of a BTS currently varies from 1300 – 2500 watts.
    • A large percentage of these deployments are still indoor type needing air conditioning.
    • Current SLAs (with operators) need shelter temperature to be maintained between 22 – 25 Degree Celsius range.
    • Powering systems are largely dependent on grid supply as primary source with diesel generators as stand by sources and storage batteries as secondary sources.
standardisation topic green ict19
Standardisation Topic: Green ICT
  • India’s high economic growth will lead to an increase in emission of environmentally harmful green house gases that contribute to global warming ,
    • adopting methods to replace greener or more efficient technologies can help it tap new opportunities as well as get other benefits.
green ict energy efficiency standardisation requirements
Green ICT: Energy Efficiency Standardisation Requirements
  • Energy efficiency is about maximizing total traffic while minimizing total power consumption
  • GISFI is looking at specifying standards that allows a fair playing field driving the development of energy efficient networks
sig security
SIG: Security
  • The task of this Standardisation Topic group is to:
    • Study security and privacy including legal intercept requirements regarding ICT for India
    • Develop recommendations; this can also include recommendation on cryptographic algorithms to be used.
    • Perform threat analysis on systems under consideration and technologies being developed by GISFI
    • Develop security and privacy solutions in collaboration with other committees
    • Develop legal intercept solutions
    • Bring Indian requirements on security and privacy including legal intercept to international standardization bodies
need for the gisfi sig security group
Need for the GISFI SIG Security Group
  • Security depends on system, business and environment of usage
    • Thus security and privacy work is needed for all activities being done by GISFI
  • India related security, privacy and legal intercept requirements must be identified and solutions developed
    • Where necessary, these requirements must be brought to other standardisation bodies
sig qos
SIG: QoS
  • The task of this Standardisation Topic group is to:
    • Define several use case scenarios for communication in rural India and Focus QoS metrics for a specific set of applications
    • Survey available techniques and framework being discussed in different SDOs
    • Map the appropriate techniques and protocols to the Indian case scenarios
    • Draft Best Current Practices for QoS Requirement for Rural India
expected output of gisfi standardisation work
Expected Output of GISFI Standardisation Work
  • Recommendations: government, society, vendors, service provider and operators
  • Technical reports: showing ways a given technical solution can be solved
  • Technical specifications: giving precise specs for implementation
  • Handbooks: explaining in concise format and simple terms the specifications / recommendations and their usage
  • Guidelines: on usage of any of the above
methods of implementation
Methods of Implementation
  • Bring to other standardization bodies, through GISFI members attending the given standardization body, where needed and approve the result of these standardization bodies in GISFI
  • Enforcement of adoption of GISFI standards in India by government approval, participation of industry in creating the standards etc.
  • Making the standards available for free to all
  • Getting the whole Indian value chain involved in specification creation
international standardisation
International Standardisation
  • ITU
  • ETSI
  • IEEE
  • ARIB
  • TEC
    • Others

Wireless Challenge:

Communicaiton, Connectivity

Convergence, Content,

Cooperation

Enviromental Challenge:

Green Communications

GISFI

gisfi on the platform for standardisation collaboration within gsc
GISFI on the Platform for Standardisation Collaboration within GSC

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Global Collaboration