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Brief Introduction of High-Speed Circuits for Optical Communication Systems. Zheng Wang Instructor: Dr. Liu. Outline. Introduction System Overview TIA design Limiter Design Frequency Acquisition CDR Design Prospects.

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Brief introduction of high speed circuits for optical communication systems l.jpg

Brief Introduction of High-Speed Circuits for Optical Communication Systems

Zheng Wang

Instructor: Dr. Liu


Outline l.jpg
Outline Communication Systems

  • Introduction

  • System Overview

  • TIA design

  • Limiter Design

  • Frequency Acquisition

  • CDR Design

  • Prospects


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Global Internet Backbone Growth Communication Systems(data released by research firm TeleGeography in 2002)


Serdes transceivers high speed full duplex serializer deserializer l.jpg
SerDes Transceivers Communication Systems(high–speed, full–duplex, serializer/deserializer)


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Dedicated line broadband speeds Communication Systems

  • T-1 - 1.544 megabits per second (24 DS0 lines) Ave. cost $1,200./mo.

  • T-3 - 43.232 megabits per second (28 T1s) Ave. cost $28,000./mo.

  • OC-3 - 155 megabits per second (100 T1s) Ave. cost $49,000./mo.

  • OC-48 - 2.5 gigabits per seconds (4 OC12s) no est. price available

  • OC-192 - 9.6 gigabits per second (4 OC48s) no est. price available


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Optical Communication System Communication Systems


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TIA (Transimpedance Amplifier ) Communication Systems

  • Transimpedance Gain

  • Bandwidth & Power Dissipation

  • Voltage Headroom

  • Input & Output Impedance


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TIA Circuit (a) Communication Systems

  • Gain = ?

  • Noise contributed by M1 rises at high frequency

  • Poor performance at low voltage supply


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TIA Circuit (b) Communication Systems

  • Gain = RF

  • Value of RF can be maximized because it does not limit the voltage headroom


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TIA Building Block Communication Systems

  • Intel LXT16865. Power Supply 3.3V. Power dissipation less than 160mW

  • high optical input sensitivity (as good as -20dBm). Suitable for long-haul transmissions. Up to 10.7Gbps speed.


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Limiter Design Communication Systems

  • Voltage Gain

  • Bandwidth (Low End & High End)

  • Phase Response

  • DC Offset


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Two Limiter Topologies Communication Systems


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Limiter Design by MOSFET Communication Systems

  • With ideal inductors, bandwidth is increased by 82%

  • With actual inductors, bandwidth is increased by 50%

  • But inductors consume substantial area


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CDR Design Communication Systems(clock-and-data recovery)

  • Jitter Generation, Transfer, and Tolerance

  • Frequency Capture Range

  • Response to Long Runs

  • Flip-flop and Oscillator Speed


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Typical CDR Architecture Communication Systems


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Frequency Acquisition Communication Systems

  • Capture range is typically a few percent.

  • VCO center frequency can vary substantially with process and temperature.

  • Must drive the VCO frequency toward the data rate before phase-locking can occur


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Definition of Jitter Communication Systems

  • Synchronous networks such as the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) and the Synchronous Optical NETwork (SONET) rely on highly accurate and stable synchronization to process data in and out of network elements.

  • Jitter is used to describe short term, non-cumulative variations of the significant instants of a digital signal from their ideal positions in time


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CDR Jitter Generation Communication Systems

  • Jitter Generation: Peak-to-peak jitter produced by CDR circuit itself. Must typically remain below 0.1dB. To eliminate the jitter, there are several ways. (reference: Cheung, Jonathan, “Low Jitter Phase-Locked Loop”)


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Prospects of CMOS Technology Communication Systems

  • The transit frequency of 0.13-um NMOS devices exceeds 100 GHz.

  • As with RF circuits, optical communication circuits can greatly benefit from CMOS technology.

  • The cost and integration advantages of CMOS manifest themselves in:

  • - Wave-Division Multiplexing Systems

  • - Multiple Transceivers for Bundle of Fibers

  • - Highly-Integrated Transceivers

  • CMOS at 40 Gb/s? Why Not?


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Recommended Book Communication Systems

  • “Design of Integrated Circuits for Optical Communications”by Behzad Razavi

  • List Price: $144.15

  • Half.com: $56.35


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Reference Paper Communication Systems

  • Cheung, Jonathan, “Low Jitter Phase-Locked Loop”

  • “LXT16865 Transimpedance Amplifier (TIA)” http://www.intel.com/design/network/products/optical/phys/lxt16865.htm

  • Mauldin, Alan, “Global Internet Backbone Growth Slows Dramatically,” October 16, 2002 October 21, 2003 http://www.telegeography.com/press/releases/2002/16-oct-2002.html

  • Schmitt, Nicolas, “Jitter Measurements of Agilent Technologies OC-48 Optical Transceivers using the OmniBER718”

    http://ftp.agilent.com/pub/semiconductor/morpheus/docs/jitter_measurements2.pdf

  • “T1, T3, OC3, OC12, OC48 and OC192 Research Information” http://www.broadband-internet-provider.com/research-information.htm


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Thank You for your time Communication Systems

Questions?


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