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Ecclesiasticus. The Wisdom of Jesus Ben Sira. Existing Texts. Hebrew Qumran and Masada, Cairo Genizah, rabbinic Greek Uncials (short) ; minuscule 248 (longer) Latin Vetus Latina (1-43, 51) ; Vulgate (full) Syriac Peshitta (by Christian, based on Hebrew). Approximate Dates.

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ecclesiasticus

Ecclesiasticus

The Wisdom of Jesus Ben Sira

existing texts
Existing Texts
  • Hebrew
    • Qumran and Masada, Cairo Genizah, rabbinic
  • Greek
    • Uncials (short) ; minuscule 248 (longer)
  • Latin
    • Vetus Latina (1-43, 51) ; Vulgate (full)
  • Syriac
    • Peshitta (by Christian, based on Hebrew)
approximate dates
Approximate Dates
  • 190 BCE Ben Sira’s Hebrew
  • 132 BCE Grandson’s translation into Greek
  • 50 BCE – 150 CE Revised Hebrew text
    • Probable source of Syriac
  • 150-200 CE Greek from Revised Hebrew
    • Possible source of Vetus Latina
outline
Outline
  • Grandson’s Prologue
    • Other Prologue
  • Part One [Sir 1 – 24]
  • Part Two [Sir 25:1 – 42:14]
  • Works of the Lord [Sir 42:15 – 43:33]
  • Famous Men [Sir 44- 49]
  • Conclusion [Sir 50]
  • Appendices [Sir 51]
siracides 1 1 42 14
Siracides 1:1-42:14
  • Composition and structure
    • Couplets and longer passages
    • Shift to new section [24:30-34]
  • Some subjects
    • Physicians [38:1-15]
    • Mortality and Immortality [14:11-19; 41:11-13]
    • Artisans and intellectual life [38:24-39:11]
    • Apocalyptic “addition” [36:1-“22”]
wisdom in siracides
Wisdom in Siracides
  • Introduction [1:1-10]
  • Hebrew Bible background
    • Job 28:12-28 ; Proverbs 8:22-36
  • Other scriptural passages
    • Baruch 3:9-4:4 ; 1 Enoch 42:1-3; John 1:1-14
  • Sirach
    • Sirach 24:1-29
sirach 42 15 43 33
Sirach 42:15-43:33

The Works of the Lord

  • Similar Passages
    • Psalm 104; 1 Enoch 72-82; Job 36:24 – 39:30
  • Concepts and images
    • Preservation (42:21ff); Pairs (42:24-25)
  • Modern use
ben sira 44 49
Ben Sira 44-49

Praise of the Fathers

Introduction [44:1-15]

Pre-Abrahamic [44:(16,) 17]

Abraham – Nehemiah [44:18 – 49:13]

Mostly Pre-diluvian [49:14-16]

as historical sketch
As Historical Sketch
  • Other wisdom literature
    • Wisdom of Solomon
  • Other biblical tradition
    • Psalm 78; Nehemiah 9; Acts 7; Avot 1
  • Themes
    • human heroes; priests
  • Connection to next chapter?
conclusion
Simon the high priest

Building

Vestments

Sacrifices

Blessing

Nun danket

Plea for unity

Three peoples

Colophon

Conclusion
appendices
Appendices
  • Sirach 51:1-12
    • Prayer of Jesus son of Sirach
  • Hebrew addition
    • Fourteen praises
  • Sirach 51:13-30
    • Delight in wisdom