DESEGREGATION. OVERVIEW. Plessy v Fergussen. Overview Separate but Equal One drop laws. NEXT TOPIC. Separate but Equal. The separate but equal doctrine allowed public places to be completely segregated. Rest rooms, water fountains, restaurants, schools, and trains.
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Separate but Equal
One drop laws
Plessy, a minority under the one drop laws, attempted to challenge the ‘Separate but Equal’ doctrine, by boarding a ‘white’ train. He was discovered and arrested, most likely this was his plan from the outset.
The courts upheld his arrest which was what those who had staged this incident had desired.
Linda Brown was a grade school student in Topeka, KS. She lived close to a ‘white’ school, but was enrolled in a black school further away.
Father of Linda Brown, he attempted to enroll his daughter in the closer school. This attempt was denied by the principal. He took his case to the NAACP.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
The NAACP had developed a strategy to dismantle segregation. They began with higher education and began working their way down. They were eager for a case to take to court, the Brown case came at the perfect time.
The lead lawyer for the NAACP team that would take the Brown case to the Supreme Court. He was practiced in front of the Supreme Court having appeared there multiple times previous to this case.
Provided valuable testimony for the Brown case. His testimony suggested that segregated schools did not prepare students for the reality of a world with multiple races.
Senator Harry Byrd initiated a state of Massive Resistance to the Supreme Court ruling. This campaign was adopted by many other southern states. His goal was to use interposition, propaganda, political insurgency, and coerced conformity to combat the Supreme Court mandate to integrate schools.
This campaign, began by Virginia senator Harry Byrd was adopted by many southern states and was used to openly oppose desegregation of public schools. This resistance was non-violent allowing for a more peaceful desegregation over a longer timeline when compared to the more violent responses in other states.
Plessy v Fergusen failed to overturn this doctrine.
Thurgood Marshall was the young lawyer to take the case to the Supreme Court.
Harry Byrd began Massive Resistance to the Supreme Court ruling to integrate Public Schools.
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