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  1. School bullying a problem of our days Alexis Ferraios George Karsikis

  2. The rise of School bullying • Bullying statistics: • About 42 percent of kids have been bullied while online with one in four being verbally attacked more than once. • About 35 percent of kids have been threatened online. • About 58 percent of kids and teens have reported that something mean has been said about them or to them online. • Other bullying statistics show that about 77 percent of students have admitted to being the victim of one type of bullying or another. • The American Justice Department bullying statistics show that one out of ever 4 kids will be bullied sometime throughout their adolescence.  • 46 percent of males followed by 26 percent of females have admitted to being victims in physical fights as reported in one report of bullying statistics by the Bureau of Justice School. • Bullying is becoming more and more frequent among today's youth in locations like school and online, according to recent bullying statistics. There are different types of bullying of which bullying statistics reveal almost half of all students have experienced. Unfortunately, recent bullying statistics show that bullying is on the rise among young adults, teens and children. The rise in these bullying statistics is likely due to a fairly recent form of bullying seen in recent years called cyber bullying. This type of bullying has gotten immense media attention over the past few years sighting instances of cyber bullying pushed too far, and in many cases leading to cases of teen suicide or death. Many bullying statistics and studies have found that physical assaults have been replaced with constant cyber assaults in the form of bashing, rumors and other hazing content targeted at a single student or group of students.  And we can see this at statistics

  3. 5. Intimidation is when a bully threatens someone else and frightens that person enough to make him or her do what the bully wants. 6. Cyberbullying is done by sending messages, pictures, or information using electronic media, computers (email & instant messages), or cell phones (text messaging & voicemail). For instance, if you sent a picture of a snake in an email to a person because you know that they are afraid of snakes, that would be an example of cyberbullying. According to a survey done in 2003 only 4% of bullying is listed as "other types" and this would include cyberbullying. Even though this number seems small, the growth of this type of bullying is going up fast because of the spread of technology around the world. school bullying types 3. Indirect bullying includes spreading rumors or stories about someone, telling others about something that was told to you in private, and excluding others from groups. An example would be if you started a rumor that a boy in your class likes playing with dolls, and if the reason that you made up the story was because you thought it was funny. This would be indirect bullying. Indirect bullying accounts for 18.5% of all bullying. 4. Social alienation is when a bully excludes someone from a group on purpose. It also includes a bully spreading rumors, and also making fun of someone by pointing out their differences. • 1. Physical bullying includes any physical contact that would hurt or injure a person like hitting, kicking, punching, etc. Taking something that belongs to someone else and destroying it would also be considered a type of physical bullying. For example, if someone was walking down the street and someone came up to them and shoved them to the ground, that would be physical bullying. In elementary and middle schools, 30.5% of all bullying is physical. • 2. Verbal bullying is name-calling, making offensive remarks, or joking about a person's religion, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, or the way they look. For example, if there was a group of kids who made fun of another kid because he couldn't run as fast as everyone else, it would be an example of verbal bullying. 46.5% of all bullying in schools is the verbal type. Verbal aggression is when a bully teases someone. It can also include a bully making verbal threats of violence or aggression against someone's personal property.

  4. Definition of Bullying • Bullying has two key components: repeated harmful acts and an imbalance of power. It involves repeated physical, verbal or psychological attacks or intimidation directed against a victim who cannot properly defend him- or herself because of size or strength, or because the victim is outnumbered or less psychologically resilient. • Bullying includes assault, tripping, intimidation, rumorspreading and isolation, demands for money, destruction of property, theft of valued possessions, destruction of another's work, and name-calling. In the United States, several other school behaviors (some of which are illegal) are recognized as forms of bullying, such as: • sexual harassment (e.g., repeated exhibitionism, voyeurism, sexual propositioning, and sexual abuse involving unwanted physical contact); • ostracism based on perceived sexual orientation; and • hazing (e.g., upper-level high school athletes' imposing painfully embarrassing initiation rituals on their new freshmen • Not all taunting, teasing and fighting among schoolchildren constitutes bullying.6 "Two persons of approximately the same strength (physical or psychological)"fighting or quarreling" is not bullying. Rather, bullying entails repeated acts by someone perceived as physically or psychologically more powerful.

  5. Extent of the Bullying Problem • Extensive studies in other countries during the 1980s and 1990s generally found that between 8 and 38 percent of students are bullied with some regularity, and that between five and nine percent of students bully others with some regularity. Chronic victims of bullying, bullied once a week or more, generally constitute between 8 and 20 percent of the student population. • A South Carolina study found that 20 percent of students bully others with some regularity (Limber et al. 1998). In an English study involving 25 schools and nearly 3,500 students, 9 percent of the students admitted to having bullied others by sexual touching [Glover and Cartwright, with Gleeson (1998)]. • In the United States, fewer studies have been done. A recent study of a nationally representative sample of students found higher levels of bullying in America than in some other countries. Thirteen percent of sixth- through 10th-grade students bully, 10 percent reported being victims, and an additional six percent are victim-bullies.8 This study excluded elementary-age students (who often experience high levels of bullying) and did not limit bullying to school grounds. Several smaller studies from different parts of the country confirm high levels of bullying behaviors, with 10 to 29 percent of students reported to be either bullies or victims. In some of the studies, lack of a common definition of bullying potentially distorts the estimates of the problem (Harachi, Catalano and Hawkins 1999). In addition, in the United States, the lack of a galvanized focus on bullying has resulted in a lack of large-scale school research efforts (such as those in Scandinavia, England, Japan, and Australia). Thus we have only limited insights into the problem of bullying here. Clearly, the percentage of students who are bullies and victims varies by research study, often depending on the definition used, the time frame examined (e.g., ever, frequently, once a week)† and other factors. Despite these differences, bullying appears to be widespread in schools in every country studying the problem.

  6. testimonies of victims Hannah When I was in Year 4 (3rd Grade), I joined a new school, everyone instantly became my frined, and I had grown an interest in a particular boy I sat next to. In Year 7 (6th Grade), I still liked him, and in Year 5 (4th Grade), I had told my friend about it; we fell out in Year 6 (5th Grade). In Year 7, she had told everyone, even the boy himself, and it caused me to cry even more and more than usual. But then things got personal; she started bullying my best friend, Sara, and I had to stick up for her. I went up to the bully and punched her in the face. What else were I to do? She got up tried punching me, but I stopped her and kneed her in the gut. She had done so too, in previous years, and hit me a lot, so I had to stick up for my self. She then said "What do you think you're doing?" So I responded, as of her flat nose, "Sorry, did I hurt you, Voldemort?" And everyone around me applauded me, I felt proud. A couple of days later, I had been called to the headteacher's office, and got a detention for kneeing her. She never let me explain what happened. The point is, it's good to stick up for yourself, but maybe do it verbally, not physically; and it's also better to tell someone about your situation before the fighting and standing up for yourself. ;) I needed to protect my best friend, any good friend would, but I should have told a teacher or authoritive adult. ~ Hannah Richard I had everything going for me; Being popular, funny, and desirable to the opposite sex. It was weeks after my 14 Birthday, and my supposedly best 'friend', turned all my other mates against me because he was jealousy of the above qualities I possessed. He had so much influence in the school, and barred any potential new friends interacting with me. I walked the halls like a ghost; the isolation period still haunts me to this very day. The bullying went on for 2 and half years; violence, verbal abuse, isolation etc, and only stopped because I left. The Head Teacher nor the Head of Year did nothing. They just sat back and let me endure 30 months of, the only way to describe it is a "living hell". That is 17 years ago; My life is a complete success now unlike the bullies; One got murdered, another is permanently unemployed, {edited.} and most of the others are just drifters in life who will never amount to anything. • Deb • Bullying is something that's been around forever. Too often, people shrug it off as "a part of growing up". But the consequences can be a devastating experience for the recipient. I can remember back to my own childhood, there was a girl in my neighborhood that would often be taunted with cruel jokes. As kids, we would all just stand by and laugh. Though seeming harmless at the time, I am embarrassed to admit, I myself, had sometimes been laughing at the expense of that girl. In later years as an early teen, I also had a turn at a bullying experience. Now I felt exactly what it was like to feel hurt, scared and doubting my own self worth. Just like that girl from my neighborhood a few years earlier. Unfortunately, this problem continues to fly under the radar. It effects all races, genders and religions. I love the idea of kids banning together and helping end these problems. This is a harsh but necessary issue that effects us all. As a parent, I urge us all to talk to our kids about the facts. Don't ignore it or be afraid to face it. Reach out and help stop the hate.  • -Deb

  7. Bullying Statistics UK • Bullying statistics UK – Out of the shadows • Bullying is a common problem throughout the world that impacts children and adults alike.  Bullying statistics UK has brought the inescapable facts of bullying out of the shadows in recent years. • It is reported that 69% of UK children face confrontations with bullies and 87% of their parents state their child has faced a situation with bullies.  20% of the instigators of bullying own up to their part of the issue.  Many have witnessed someone being bullied and 82% of those witnesses attempted to intercede. • Additionally, bullying statistics UK confirms that an estimated twenty children per year successfully commit suicide due to the stress of victimization.  However, this number may be low as it is based only on cases which have been documented and doesn’t account for the undocumented, unsuccessful attempts. • It appears that over half of the individuals who have reported being bullied have also been physically harmed during the attack.  Of those physically harmed, 34% required medical attention and 3% of the reported attacks were instigated using a weapon of some kind.  Two-fifths of male bullies are reported to have at least three criminal charges by age twenty-four.

  8. Ways to preventschool bulling • Five Tips to Help Principals Prevent BullyingAccording to Dillon, effectively addressing a bullying problem requires a culture change. A true culture change takes time, but a few key steps to help principals get started: • Practice What You Preach Don't use your status as the school leader as the lever for change; instead, "listen before talking and reflect before acting" to ensure your staff feel valued (this is backed up by the NEA survey, which found an important predictor of adult willingness to intervene in bullying was their "connectedness" to the school, defined as their belief they are valued as individuals and professionals in the learning process).Assess the Extent of the Problem Survey students, staff and parents to find out how much and what type of bullying is going, as well as where and when, to target prevention efforts.Develop a School-wide Code of Conduct that reinforces school values and clearly defines unacceptable behavior and consequences. Empower bystanders -- teachers and especially students -- to help enforce it by training them to identify and respond to inappropriate behavior.Increase Adult Supervision Most bullying happens when adults are not present, so make sure they are "visible and vigilant" in hallways, stairwells, cafeterias and locker rooms, as well as on buses and the way to and from school for students who walk.Conduct Bullying Prevention Activities such as all-school assemblies, communications campaigns or creative arts contests highlighting school values to bring the community together and reinforce the message that bullying is wrong.

  9. sources • http://www.popcenter.org/problems/ • http://ebullyingstatistics.com/bullying-statistics-uk/ • http://www.google.com/imghp • http://library.thinkquest.org/07aug/00117/typesbullying.html • http://www.noplace4hate.org/real-stories-about-bullying/

  10. Thank you for the warning Karsikis George Ferraios Alexis