Beringia Theory (p. 6) • During last ice age, almost all of Canada covered by glacial ice. • Sea levels dropped • Created a plain 1000 km wide (Bering Sea) • Corridor called Beringia where hunters followed herbivores such as camels, bison, sloth and giant beavers.
Beringia Theory • Artefacts found are of a type similar to those found in northeast Asia. • Blue fish caves
Beringia Theory • Critics disagree about how Paleolithic hunters migrated south • Also argue that the corridor was inhospitable to human survival.
Coastal Route Theory • Alternative thesis is that a coastal route existed. • Hunters moved along the west coast in a water craft fishing, collecting shellfish and possibly hunting sea mammals. • Movement was east, south, and eventually north as they followed herds of animals