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Reading Animal Behavior. Veterinary Science Extension Veterinary Medicine  Texas AgriLife Extension Service College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences Texas A&M System http://aevm.tamu.edu. Objectives. Discuss the importance of understanding animal behavior

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reading animal behavior

Reading Animal Behavior

Veterinary Science

Extension Veterinary Medicine 

Texas AgriLife Extension Service

College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences

Texas A&M System

http://aevm.tamu.edu

objectives
Objectives
  • Discuss the importance of understanding animal behavior
  • Distinguish between normal and abnormal animal behavior
  • Discuss the sense of smell as it relates to animal behavior
  • Discuss the sense of sight as it relates to animal behavior
  • Discuss the sense of hearing as it relates to animal behavior
  • Discuss the sense of touch as it relates to animal behavior
  • Recognize situations where animals may respond with aggressive behavior
introduction
Introduction
  • Ability to interpret behavior in multiple species
    • An important skill
    • To decipher signals from animals
      • Distress and aggression
      • Subtle or obvious
    • To protect animal handlers, animals, other persons
    • To make animal patients more comfortable
      • With people
      • In environment and surroundings
body language and posture
Body Language and Posture
  • Careful observation BEFORE handling
    • Observe standing posture.
      • Friendly body language
      • Aggressive body language
        • “Fight or flight” response
      • Pain body language
      • Depression body language
    • Observe crouching posture.
      • Fearful, threatened body language
      • Sick or injured body language
    • Allow animal to come and reach out friendly.
slide5
Approaching a patient
    • Done in calm, quiet, confident manner.
    • Avoid direct eye contact.
    • Allow animal to relax and be comfortable.
  • Watch other experienced animal handlers to learn subtleties of observation.
aggressive behavior1
Aggressive Behavior
  • Fear
  • Pain or discomfort
  • Maternal protection of young
  • Sex drive
  • Territorial protection
  • Dominance instinct
slide9
Animals can react defensively when smells are associated with unpleasant experiences.
    • Vet’s Office
slide11

PERSON'S EYE DOG'S EYE

Differences:

  • COLOR - The color is usually different. You can see much less of the white part of a dog’s eye.
  • HAIR - Dogs don't have distinctive eyebrows and eyelashes.

Similarities:

  • FUNCTION - When working properly, both a dog and a person can see out of their eyes. Dogs don't cry, even when they are sad.
slide12
Eyesight allows to quickly notice change in surroundings.
    • Instinctively evaluate changes as safe or threatening.
  • Approach animals calmly.
    • Without threatening gestures
  • Some animals have wide range of vision.
    • Can attack objects almost directly behind them.
slide13
Color vision
    • Domestic animals are behaviorally color blind.
    • Physiologically capable of seeing color to some degree.
      • Humans see 100 different color variations of 4 colors.
      • Animals see pastel blue, yellow, white and gray.
    • Behaviorally do not use color vision.
slide15
Field of vision
    • Binocular field
    • Monocular field
    • Blind area
slide18
Most animals have excellent sense of hearing.
    • Sudden and unexpected noises can add to difficulty of controlling animals.
    • Calm tone can reassure and often ease fear.
  • Notice tone of voice and respond accordingly.
slide20
Touch and feel often send messages to animals that affect their responses to handling.
  • A steady, firm stroke or pat is usually reassuring.
  • Unexpected or nervous jabs or grasps often cause a violent response.