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Woodland and Plains Indians

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  1. Woodland and Plains Indians

  2. Woodland Indians • Tribes • Iroquois • Wampanoag • Cree • Algonquin

  3. Woodland Indians Habitats Woodland Indians live in two different types of homes. They live in WIGWAMS and LONGHOUSES. <- Wigwams Longhouses ->

  4. Woodland Indians Habitats- Wigwams • Made from trees and bark • Rounded roof • Rounded shape protects from weather: rain, wind, snow • 10-16 ft. wide

  5. Woodland Indians Habitats- Wigwams • Built fires in the middle of the Wigwam • Used fires to heat the home and for cooking • At top of Wigwam there is a hole for smoke to escape • 1-2 families live in

  6. Woodland Indians Habitats- Wigwams

  7. Woodland Indians Habitats- Longhouses • Trees-long poles/ bark • Rounded Roofs • 300 ft. or longer • Many fire pits- used for warmth and cooking • Holes in the top to let smoke escape

  8. Woodland Indians Habitats- Longhouses • Villages near river for water and fish • Many villages • Palisades: fence around village • 10-12 ft. poles • 1 entrance/exit • Protected against others

  9. Woodland Indians Habitats- Longhouses • As many as 30 families live in • Space to live, sleep, and store belongings: like an apartment house • Mother, father, children, and grandparents • In longhouses, families lived together mom, dad, grandparents, cousins, aunts, and uncles

  10. Plains Indians • Tribes • Crow • Comanche • Blackfoot • Lakota • Facts: • Nomadic: moved with the buffalo • Little shelter because in the plains • Change in temperatures: hot and cold

  11. Plains Indians Habitats Plains Indians live in TEPEES.

  12. Plains Indians Habitats-Tepees • Easy to build, take down and move around • Made from buffalo hides and poles • Easily taken apart • Tie poles- stretch hide • Large tents • Face east: wake up with the sun • Decorated with paintings

  13. Plains Indians Habitats-Tepees • Fire pit in the middle of the tepee with rocks surrounding • Used for heating and cooking • Hole on top of the tepee to let smoke escape • Buffalo skins used to protect against winds • Keeps cool in the summer • Keeps warm in the winter

  14. Plains Indians Habitats-Tepees • One family per tepee • Slept on buffalo robe • Store baskets of food and clothes • Villages are smaller • Easy to move across the plains when smaller

  15. Woodland Indians Resources/Food • Natural Resources: land or raw materials, supplied by nature • Forest for harvesting • River ways • Men: made tools and used plants for tying, hunted • Women: planted seeds, were farmers, harvested crops- corn, beans, squash, sunflowers, pumpkins, and gourds

  16. Woodland Indians Resources/Food • Women: made clay pots for cooking and water • Cooking- roasted on sticks or stones or clay pots • Dried food stored for winter below house (cooler)

  17. Woodland Indians Resources/Food • Animals used for meat and clothing • Animals eaten: deer, black bear, fox, raccoon, wolf, rabbit, owl, snake, wild turkey, and moose • Skins- clothing, blankets, and bags

  18. Woodland Indians Resources/Food • Other Food eaten: • Wild Fruits (could be dried): apples, strawberries, roots, and mushroom • Nuts: walnuts and acorns • Vegetables: corn and wild rice • Maple Sugar • Fish/Shellfish/Clams/Crabs • Turtle

  19. Woodland Indians Resources/Food • Resources: • Rivers- water and fish • Bark- houses and boats • Wild Plants: medicine, food, baskets • Fish/Shellfish/Clams/Crabs: food, shells for crafts • Turtles: eat, musical instruments

  20. Woodland Indians Resources/Food • Used all parts of the corn- corn to corn husk; very resourceful • Leaves/shoots are vegetables - Some of them were brewed

  21. Plains Indians Resources/Food • Fire used for cooking • Roasted meat on a stick or boiled with vegetable to make stew • Some cut to strips and dried with smoke from the fire • Food was not always fresh; dried food lasted months when food was scarce

  22. Plains Indians Resources/Food • Men: left family to hunt • Depended on buffalo (bison)- food, shelter, clothing • Only hunted what they needed and didn’t waste anything

  23. Plains Indians Resources/Food • Mostly ate meat • Women also picked herbs and other wild plants • Before hunted with horses- hunted on foot

  24. Plains Indians Resources/Food Animals Hunted: bear, bighorn sheep, mountain goats, coyotes, pronghorn prairie chickens, grouse, eagles, meadowlark, buffalo deer, antelope, moose, elk, prairie dogs, rats

  25. Plains Indians Resources/Food Buffalo hide- clothing, blankets, tepees Buffalo robe- used to keep warm Buffalo-Skinned, stretched, scraped, washed Horns- toys, utensil Bones- weapons, tools Wild plants- berries, vegetable, prairie turnips, plums, chokecherries

  26. Woodland Indians Art • Used animal skins as canvas • Used berries to make colors • Made pottery from clay • Dolls and baskets from plants

  27. Woodland Indians Art • Basket Weaving • Painting on Canvas • Wood Carving • Jewelry Making • Making of Dolls • Pottery • Dancing

  28. Plains Indians Art • Petroglyphs • Stone Carvings • Jewerly • Cave Paintings

  29. Plains Indians Art • Painting • Dancing • Story Telling