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Mining and CSR: Case studies from Tanzania. Siri Lange, Chr. Michelsen Institute. Notes on methodology. Studies to be used in training courses Collaboration with ESRF in Dar Sensitive issue - authorities sceptical 5 days at each location: Gold mining in Geita Tanzanite mining in Mererani

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mining and csr case studies from tanzania

Mining and CSR: Case studies from Tanzania

Siri Lange, Chr. Michelsen Institute

notes on methodology
Notes on methodology
  • Studies to be used in training courses
  • Collaboration with ESRF in Dar
  • Sensitive issue - authorities sceptical
  • 5 days at each location:
    • Gold mining in Geita
    • Tanzanite mining in Mererani
  • Interviews with:
    • Mining companies, local authorities, artisinal miners, NGOs/CBOs
mining in tanzania
Mining in Tanzania
  • 1967 state monopoly
  • Structural adjustment from 1986
  • Foreign investors were invited
  • Minerals’ share of total value of exports:

1996: 3.8%

2003: 50%

csr in mining national figures
CSR in mining – national figures
  • 70% of donations to ’community devlopment’ spent on water and roads
  • Percent of exports:

1999: 5.1%

2000: 4.3%

2001: 1.2%

2002: 0.3%

geita gold mine lake victoria
Geita Gold Mine – Lake Victoria
  • Owned by Anglo-Gold Ashanti (SA)
  • Third largest gold mine in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Full operation since 2002
  • 2400 employees
  • 1/3 of government’s revenues from mining
csr at geita gold mine ggm
CSR at Geita Gold Mine (GGM)
  • Has a good reputation – praised by the WB
  • Half of the amount spent on water pipe
  • $ 140 000 per year to the District Council
  • Projects dis-located, money was lost
  • GGM now donate ’in kind’ (buildings)
afgem mererani
AFGEM - Mererani
  • Owned by Tanzanite One (SA)
  • Operated since 2001
  • 450 employees
  • Small scale miners ’encroach’ the mine
  • Several miners killed - court cases
  • Rumours about ownership
csr at afgem
CSR at AFGEM
  • 2001 offered $ 28 000 to Mererani village goverment – which refused
  • Mining company favours the Maasai
  • $ 276 000 to Nasinyai village ($ 46 pc)
  • Corruption – waste material
  • No control function (women loose out)
  • Use support to build ward offices – ethnic separatism
challenges
Challenges
  • No national CSR guidelines
  • How to define the unit of ’community’?
    • GGM: District Council level
    • AFGEM: Village Government level
  • Degree of recipient responsibility
  • Alliances between mining companies and authorities – the poor suffer
  • Disclosure of contracts & donations