Land of the ancient times Objective Instructions Play
Objective • Answer all of the questions and finish the game Back to Homepage
Instructions Checkpoint example • Read the questions, answer them • If you get a question wrong you will be sent back to the last checkpoint you passed • Note: some slides have notes for the upcoming questions • Note* read the questions carefully Start Game Back to Homepage
Wrong! • Go back to checkpoint 1
Go back to checkpoint 2 Wrong!
Wrong! • Go back to checkpoint 3
Wrong! • Go back to checkpoint 4
Religion Checkpoint 1 Topics covered... • Judaism • Islam • Christianity Next Page
What do Jewish people believe? • A) they are god’s chosen people • B) keep god’s laws (10 commandments) to keep relationship • C) Both of the above
What is the torah? • A) The most important of the Jewish Holy Books. Existed for many centuries. • B) The book of life and belief. Jewish teachers and prophets added comments and interpretations to make it.
Did you know? Extra facts • Jewish teachers and prophets added comments and interpretations that formed the Talmud - a guide for life and belief • Diaspora-or scattering, caused active Jewish communities to develop in most of the major cities of the Mediterranean world. The final scattering of Jewish people from Palestine across the Mediterranean • Started 3000 years ago Next Page
Which fact is wrong about Islam? • A) Comes from the Arabic word for "submission" • B) Started in the 8th century • C) Based on the Qur'ân - Which Muslims know as the word of God revealed to the Prophet Mohammed. • D) All Muslims try to follow the rules for worship and living that have been laid out in the Qur'ân • E) Islam spread into Asia, Africa, and Europe when the Muslims conquered Spain in 711. Next Page
Which fact about Christianity is wrong? • A) Founded in Rome by the apostles of Jesus Christ • B) Jesus taught the two greatest commandments were to love God with your whole being and to love your neighbour as yourself • C) Jesus and his apostles where Jews who felt that their religious leaders paid to much attention to the letter rather than the spirit of the Jewish Law. • D) Romans killed dim by nailing him to a cross because they were nervous about anyone who might lead an uprising against them. • E) The followers of Jesus believed that he died and was raised form the dead so that all the people could share in eternal life. • F) The story of Jesus is told in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.
Which fact doesn’t belong? • A) First Christianity was an extension of Judaism. Then his Jewish disciples believed that he was the Jewish Messiah : Son of God and he Savoir of the Jewish People. • B) St. Paul travelled lots building Christian communities. His many letters provided guidance for Christians both then and now. • C) Christianity's early popularity reached the poor as well because he believed if people were baptized and lead good lives they would go to heaven after they died. • D) 313 CE the roman emperor Constantine converted to Christianity and issued the Edict of Milan, which legalized Christianity throughout the empire. Christians quickly moved into positions of power in the army and government. • E) The Franks took over in the early 5th century. • F) Christian missionaries helped spread Christianity and aspects of the Roman culture through out Europe.
The Franks Checkpoint 2 • The Franks conquered much of the Roman province of Gaul in the late fourth and early fifth centuries. • They were framers they liked to make war • Most free men went armed also with a special kind of throwing axe called a francisca. • Men and women were fond of jewellery and both genders wore hair long Next Page
Who were the Merovingians? • A) A Royal family ruled the Franks for almost 300 years. • B) The most successful ruler was Clovis, I reigned from 481 to 511 CE. He founded the country of France and made Paris its capital • C) After he did the kingdom was divided among his children who were not good leaders • D) Soon the royal family became famous for its treachery and murderous infighting. • E) Kings and queens often committed murderous with their own hands and killed members in their own family. • F) The next two centuries the country was weakened by the fighting and the kingdom fell into chaos.
Which fact is wrong about the Salic Code? • A) The franks had their own legal code, they're written down and collected. They were called the Salic Code, after the Salian Franks • B) The Salic Code placed a monetary value on every piece of property and on every person. • C) Wergild the amount of money a person is worth • D) A document stating who will be the next leader
Everyday life - Facts • Had social classes-some people were very rich and some were very poor. The majority of people at this time (60%) were serfs, or peasants, people who worked on the land on their lord's manor or estate • Even though that were considered free and not slaves, serfs were not allowed to move away from the manor. • Cause the serfs were farmers they were at the mercy of the weather. • Storms or drought could cause great hardship. The lords and rulers could steal serfs' crops at any times. Next Page
Charlemagne facts • Came to power in western Europe in 768 CE. • By his military success he expanded the old Merovingian Empire in every direction. • At the Height of this power, on Christmas day in 800, he was crowned Emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III. • He let local governments much freedom, he also sent out agents called missidominici (the lords messengers), to make sure that people were treated properly • He made a single code of laws for the whole empire, he tried to make things better for the serfs and trades people. • He could also be hardhearted and merciless, after a long war with the Saxons in northwest Germany, he defeated them and insisted that they convert to Christianity. When the leaders refused, he ordered his soldiers to kill about 4000 Saxons in a single day. • Improving education through out the empire was a special concern of Charlemagne. He made new schools in monasteries and encouraged the earning of the Latin classics. • He insisted that his sons and daughters be education. • Cause he succeeded in bring about a rebirth of learning and arts historians today often refer to his time as the Carolingian Renaissance. • He died at the age of seventy-two, after ruling for forty-seven years. Next Page
How old was Charlemagne when he died? • A)62 • B)42 • C) 72 • D)52
The Anglo-Saxons and the Celts Checkpoint 3 • When the Roman soldiers left Britain in the fifth century, warriors from the area now knows as Germany- the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes - moved in, driving out the native Celtic peoples. • Soon large numbers of these Germanic invaders began to settle in Britain and pushed the Celts into whales, Cornwall, and Scotland , and across the sea to Ireland. The Celts had once been powerful people, inhabiting much of Europe, from Spain all the way to southern Russia. Next Page
Anglo-Saxon facts • Even though they thought of them selves as warriors, the Anglo-Saxons, like the Franks, were farmers. • They were also great storytellers and created wonderful epics like Beowulf. • Starting in the 9th century, Anglo-Saxon England like Carolingian France, suffered from devastating Viking raids. Next Page
Who was Alfred the great? • A) Last ruler of Anglo-Saxon England, defeated the Vikings • B) Early ruler of Anglo-Saxon England, learned how to beat Vikings after many defeats • C) Early ruler of Anglo-Saxon England, defeated by Vikings
The Irish-Facts • Practiced form of nature worship called Druidism • St. Patrick became patron saint of Ireland, brought Christianity and a healthy respect for learning • Monasteries became centers for learning, monks and scholars from Europe • Helped spread Christianity • Important Role in preserving the cultural legacy of ancient Ireland, Greece, and Rome. • Monasteries functioned as something like book factories. In the age before the printing press, every new book had to be carefully copied out by had on sheets of dried sheepskin called "parchment.". Next Page
If the culture legacy was not preserved what would have happened? • A) The history and stories would be lost forever • B) The history and stories would be remembered over generations
The Vikings-facts Checkpoint 4 • On Easter Sunday in the year 855, a Viking force attacked and plundered Paris, far from the sea striking a blow at very heart of Charlemagne's old empire. • France was not the only target. The Vikings were everywhere, their war parties devastated whole regions in the Low Countries (modern Netherlands and Belgium,) Ireland, and England. They roamed into the Mediterranean Sea, and attacked Spain and Italy, sailed down the great rivers of Russia all the way to Constantinople. Next Page
What kind of ships did the Vikings use? • A) Sailboats • B) Long ships • C) Motorboats
What was the Viking reputation? • A) They were destructive, especially in their early raids, before they began to settle in lands such as England and France, their common practice was to kill or enslave every man, woman, and child they found. • B) Nice people, very peaceful, found their own land and not destructive
What is Danegeld? • A) Payments that the Vikings accepted from monarchs and church leaders to leave their land alone • B) payments the Vikings gave to the king • C) payments the serfs took from the Vikings
Fact Over the course of a few years, French monarchs paid the Vikings almost 300 kilograms of gold and 15 000 kilograms of silver. All these payments came from taxes collected from the common people. Only a few rulers, such as Charlemagne and Alfred the great, could fight the Vikings effectively, but even they weren't able to stop the raids completely. Next Page
Who are Skalds? • A) People that teach the children how to do everyday chores • B) Keepers of Viking history and legend. These poets needed to have excellent memories and be good singers. They carried whole histories in their heads and could recite, worked for word, stories that might take several days to tell. This was an important skill for a society in which most people could not read or write.
What fact about everyday life does not fit? • A) Most Vikings were farmers and fishers living in small villages close to the sea. They came from the region we now call Scandinavia - the modern countries of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. • B) Men and women shared the wok in society, although some jobs, like weaving were always done by women. • C) Free Viking women had many rights under the law. They could own property, divorce their spouses, and sue in court. • D) Life was not good for everyone in society. Landowners almost always owned slaves, called thralls, who did much of the heavy work on the farms. Most thralls had either been taken captive on raids or been sold into slavery because they could not pay debts or fines. • E) The Vikings were highly skilled woodworkers and smiths, and many artworks have survived, especially from the grave sites of wealthy and powerful leaders. • F) Viking art shows gods such as Odin, Thor, and Freya, as well as scenes from everyday life. • G) People traveled across the oceans for new foods.
Law and Government facts • They were great lawmakers and designed many laws to protect people and their property. • Usually these laws were not written, instead peopled called Law Speakers memorized the law and recited it as needed. • Criminals were usually fined but some dangerous offenders were punished more harshly. • The most dreaded penalty was to be declared an outlaw, which mean that the person was to be treaded under the law "as if he were dead." Any one could kill an outlaw on sight and then be entitled to some of his or her property. Next Page
When did the Viking age end? • A) 15th century • B) 14th century • C) 13th century • D) 12th century • E) 11th century
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