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Why prepare EISs? PowerPoint Presentation
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Why prepare EISs?

Why prepare EISs?

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Why prepare EISs?

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  1. Why prepare EISs?

  2. WhyPrepareEIS’s? Managers need current information New technology must be evaluated The public demands that analysis be done Laws, lawsuits and court proceedings will drive the system if we don’t

  3. Legal Purposes Action ensuring device (the law was designed to insure analysis is done) Full and fair disclosure is required of SIGNIFICANT environmental impacts to inform the decisionmaker & the public

  4. Legal Requirements Reasonable alternatives must be evaluated to avoid or minimize adverse impacts OR to enhance the quality of the environment

  5. Interdisciplinary TeamFull Time Team Leader Editorial Assistant Hydrologist Plant Pathologist Program Assistant Public Affairs Person Silviculturist

  6. The EIS Development Team?

  7. Interdisciplinary TeamPart Time Ecologist Economist Forestry Program Manager Landscape Architect Pest Management Specialist Pesticide Specialist Sociologist Soil Scientist Wildlife Biologist Writer-Editor

  8. Development ofAlternatives Range of methods Range of intensities Range of alternatives

  9. Possible Vegetation Management Methods Mechanical methods Manual methods Herbicidal methods Prescribed fire Biological methods

  10. The EIS evaluatesused within these methods TOOLS

  11. The EISDoes NOT Evaluate Silvicultural systems (clearcutting, shelterwood, etc.) Engineering activities (road building, mining, etc.)

  12. Activities Evaluated Site preparation Stand management (Release, Thinning, etc.) Wildlife opening maintenance Corridor (ROW) maintenance Fuels treatment

  13. V. M. EISsTwo Basic BooksIn Three Volumes -- Body of the EIS -- Science appendices ( -- [Chapter VI of Volume I] Public comment letters and team responses) Volume I Volume II Volume III

  14. Volume II

  15. APPENDIX A

  16. Risk Assessment for the Use of Herbicides In the Southern Region USDA Forest Service

  17. Appendix B

  18. Effects of Prescribed Fire on Soil and Water in Southern National Forests

  19. Appendix C

  20. Effects of Herbicides on Soil Productivity and Water Quality

  21. Appendix D

  22. A Biological Evaluation of The Effects of the Final Preferred Alternative on Threatened, Endangered, Proposed and Sensitive Species

  23. Appendix E

  24. Lists of Threatened, Endangered, Proposed and Sensitive Species of the Coastal Plain/Piedmont

  25. Appendix A Risk Assessment

  26. Human and Wildlife Health Risks

  27. Section 1 Introduction

  28. Section 2 Current Vegetation Management Programs

  29. Herbicide Application Methods Evaluated Aerial methods Ground mechanical methods Ground manual methods

  30. The Risk Assessments Consider the Use of Eitheror . Formulations Liquid Granular

  31. What is Risk? HAZARD EXPOSURE + RISK

  32. Section 3 Human Health Analysis

  33. 2,4-D 2,4-DP Dicamba Fosamine Glyphosate Hexazinone Imazapyr Picloram Sulfometuron methyl Tebuthiuron Triclopyr . Herbicides Evaluated

  34. Additives Evaluated Light Fuel Oils -- Diesel Oil -- Kerosene Mineral Oil Limonene (Later: Vegetable Oil) .

  35. Also Evaluated Inert Ingredients

  36. Data Sources Laboratory testing Reports in the scientific literature E.P.A. files (F.O.I.A. request) Manufacturer’s data