IT Solutions for disabled people. 3.3 Health. Assistive Technology.
“Assistive technology or adaptive technology (AT) is an umbrella term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities and also includes the process used in selecting, locating, and using them. AT promotes greater independence by enabling people to perform tasks that they were formerly unable to accomplish, or had great difficulty accomplishing, by providing enhancements to or changed methods of interacting with the technology needed to accomplish such tasks.” (Wikipedia)
The dominant method of working with a computer tends to be a keyboard and mouse. Some assistive technologies reduce the strain of these devices
A keyset or chorded keyboard (also called a chorded keyset, chord keyboard or chording keyboard) is a computer input device that allows the user to enter characters or commands formed by pressing several keys together, like playing a "chord on a piano. The large number of combinations available from a small number of keys allows text or commands to be entered with one hand, leaving the other hand free.
When keyboard or mouse prove unusable, AT can also replace the keyboard and mouse with alternative devices.
It’s a foot operated mouse!
Sip and puff technology is a mouse controlled by lip movements and sip and puff clicking. It is ideal for computer users with various physical challenges including total paralysis, amputees, muscular dystrophy, or multiple sclerosis.
Eye tracking is the process of measuring either the point of gaze ("where we are looking") or the motion of an eye relative to the head. An eye tracker is a device for measuring eye positions and eye movement.