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  1. PPP Project By Azuhura

  2. Which Country?Location? Chile, Temuco – Valdivia. My job is to predict, prepare and protect the people of Chile from any posible hazards that might occur. Chile! (1)

  3. This is a map showing where Chile is in South America (14)

  4. Plate Boundaries? • The plate boundaries that are involved, are the South American Plate and NazcaPlate. In the early 20th Century Alfred Wegener came up with a theory that the land masses we see today were once all together. A “Supercontinent” or Pangaea but as the years went, the landmasses started separating by something called Plate Tectonic and creating new land forms. South America moved from being connected with Africa to being connected with North America. Using a convergent boundary, The Nazca plate and the South America Plate created 620 active volcanoes called the Andes.

  5. This dot shows the boundary of South America and Nazca (2)

  6. The dot shows you were my two boundaries are and what type they are. These ones are destructive (7) This picture shows what type of margin each contitnet is. Whether it is convergent, divergent or conservative margin

  7. Climate? • With Global Warming, almost every country has been devastated with weather or seasonal change that they were unprepared for; Chile get mid winters and a larger amount of rain in summer. Chile’s climate is a Mediterranean climate and they should not be getting larger amounts of rain in summer. This is caused by El Nino. El Nino is a temporary change in climate of the Pacific Ocean. (Pierce, W.David)5

  8. How Developed Is The Civilization? • Chile is not a poor country but it is not in the high ranking countries like The Untied States of America or Switzerland but it is not in the third world countries like India and Ethiopia. It has a stable economy.

  9. (11) This is a picture of how many people are inhabited in South America and North America. In some parts Chile has less than 1 person inhabitant and in other part 100 to 1000 inhabitant. Even 1000 and more. This shows how developed Chile is when it comes to its people.

  10. What Type of Natural Hazards Have Happened Before? • Earthquakes, Flash Floods, Tsunamis, Fires, Volcanic eruption these natural hazards have all hit Chile. (People and Places.)3An earthquake with a measured magnitude of 9.5 on the Richter scale had struck Chile in May 22, 1960 which triggered a tsunami that spread and hit every country and island on the Pacific ocean region causing 2,300 deaths. (“Natural Diseater Quiz.”)16 With 620 volcanoes in that area, Chile cannot afford too have too many earthquake disrupting and shaking up the already active volcanoes. (“Major Peruvian Earthquake.”)4 If the earthquakes do erupt the volcanoes the Chilean government will not be able to help its people for at least 20 years or more because they might have a stable economy but that stable economy will fall and they won’t have money to help the victims of the eruption of 620 volcanoes.

  11. Predict • The prediction of an earthquake is very difficult, (Bushell, Tony & Waugh David) close to impossible but scientist are trying by putting movement sensitive instruments like laser beams to measure plate movement.(Bushell, Tony & Waugh David) 8

  12. Prepare • Secure or repair any damaged gas lines and your electrical wires have to be check and secured. Also insert flexible pipe fittings to avoid leakages. • Secure you fridge and heater by bolting them down or by tying it to the floor. Also • Store all your breakable items like glass and computers in boxes and then put them in a closet that has a key lock door or a low shelved kitchen cabinet that shuts tight. An animation of a man bolting down his furniture. (12)

  13. Prepare 2 • “Anchor overhead lighting fixtures.” (“Are You Ready.”) • Be sure to check that the house, apartment, buildings are tightly attached to the foundation. • Find a safe spot in every room whether it is under a bolted table or against an inside wall. Emphasize this rule at every earthquake drill. If you live in an apartment DO NOT use the elevator. • Remember when an earthquake hits you must: Drop, cover and hold on!(“Are You Ready.”) An animation of a man check the foundation of his house (12)

  14. Protect • When Building builds in an earthquake zone they should not collapse but can absorb the shock instead and protect whoever is inside. • Having the building have a weight on top to plant the building in its foundation. • Or having the building have a weight on top to push the building the opposite direction of the earthquake. • The buildings should have large rubber shock absorbers to absorb the shocks during the earthquake and the aftershock that can materialize. (Bushell, Tony & Waugh David)

  15. TransAmerican Pyramid The top of the pyramid is a heavy concrete weight. It is controlled by a computer that moves the whole building the opposite direction of the earthquake. (Bushell, Tony & Waugh David) This is the perfect example of a earthquake proof building. The cross-bracings on the build give it the possibility of twist. (Bushell, Tony & Waugh David) (10)

  16. Wrong answer Gary! Quiz Time! (13)

  17. Quiz • When you are at home: A. You should stay inside, (“Are You Ready.”) B. You go out to the street, (“Are You Ready.”) C. You go to the window to see the earthquake damage your neighborhood. Hint: Why bolt down your house if you are going to go outside

  18. Answer • A- Stay inside

  19. Quiz • On the upper floor of an apartment building: A. Take the elevator to the ground floor as quickly as possible, (“Are You Ready.”) B. Stay in an interior room under a desk or table, (“Are You Ready.”) C. Go to your kitchen and gather all the food you can before taking cover.

  20. Answer • B-Stay in an interior room under a desk or table,

  21. Quiz • Outdoors: A. You run into the nearest building, (“Are You Ready.”) B. You stay outside away from buildings and street lights and utility wires, (“Are You Ready.”)9 C. Run to the nearest McDonald so that you can get food and coverage.

  22. Utility wires (6)

  23. Answer • C. Run to the nearest McDonald so that you can get food and coverage. • B. You stay outside away from buildings and street lights and utility wires,

  24. Video • This is a video from National Geographics showing what happened during a earthquake in California and the after math of an earthquake in Taiwan. • (15)<http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Y-62Ti5_6s&feature=fvw> • This video is also from National Geographic and it talks about earthquakes. • (16)<http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/player/environment/environment-natural-disasters/earthquakes/earthquake-101.html>

  25. Bibliography (9) ‘‘Are You Ready.’’ 4/11/09. FEMA. 30/11/09. <http://www.fema.gov/areyouready/earthquakes.shtm> (8) Bushell, Tony & Waugh David. New Interactions. Untied Kingdom: Nelson Thornes Ltd, 2000. (4) “Major Peruvian Earthquake.” 25/11/09. MCEER. 22/11/09.<http://mceer.buffalo.edu/infoservice/Reference_Services/peru_chile_earthquake.asp> (3) People and Places. Vol.1. Chicago: World Book Inc, 2000. 232-233. (5) Pierce, W. David. “Experimental Climate Prediction Center.”25 June. 1997. Scripps Institution of Oceanography. <http://meteora.ucsd.edu/~pierce/elnino/whatis.html> (11) The Peters World Atlas. Oxford: New Internationalist, 2002. (16) “Natural Disaster Quiz.” National Geography. 11/12/09. <http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/player/environment/environment-natural-disasters/earthquakes/earthquake-101.html>

  26. Bibliography (10)<http://www.blisstree.com/flyawaycafe/files/2006/11/transamerica-pyramid.jpg> (1)<http://www.chilefungi.cl/images/chile.jpeg> (12)< http://www.city.sendai.jp/syoubou/bousai-e/03.html> (6)<http://www.easyreadernews.com/archives/news2009/0924/MB-undergrounding.jpg> (14)<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Chile_(orthographic_projection).svg> (13)<http://img.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2008/01_05/035quiz_468x438.jpg> (7)<http://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/var/sciencelearn/storage/images/contexts/earthquakes/sci_media/tectonic_plate_boundaries/8318-7-eng-NZ/tectonic_plate_boundaries_full_size_landscape.jpg> (2)<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/04/Tectonic_plates_Caribbean.png> (15) <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Y-62Ti5_6s&feature=fvw>