14 2 from isolation to involvement n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
14.2 From Isolation to Involvement PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
14.2 From Isolation to Involvement

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

14.2 From Isolation to Involvement - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

14.2 From Isolation to Involvement. Objectives. Understand the course of the early years of WWII in Europe Describe FDRs foreign policy in the mid-1930s and the great debate between interventionists and isolationists Explain how the U.S. became more involved in the conflict.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '14.2 From Isolation to Involvement' - bijan

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
  • Understand the course of the early years of WWII in Europe
  • Describe FDRs foreign policy in the mid-1930s and the great debate between interventionists and isolationists
  • Explain how the U.S. became more involved in the conflict
fdr opposes aggression
FDR Opposes Aggression
  • Violence in Japan-Rape of Nanjing
    • Japan attacked without declaring war-Shanghai and Nanjing
    • FDR criticized but did nothing
      • Created informal alliance of peace loving nations
war erupts in europe
War Erupts in Europe
  • Hitler violates Munich Pact and takes rest of Czechoslovakia
    • Britain and France see need to take action
  • Britain saw that Hitler was going to take Poland
    • Pact with Poland—aid if Hitler attacked
  • Hitler concerned with Soviet Union
    • Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact 1939
      • Publicly-agreed not to attack each other
      • Privately-agreed to invade Poland
  • Hitler attacked Poland early Sept. 1, 1930 from 3 directions
  • Blitzkrieg-sudden attack “lighting war”
  • Took out Poland’s air force
  • Sept. 17-SU invades from east
  • France and Britain declare war on Germany—do nothing for Poland
  • Poland falls
france falls
France Falls
  • Axis powers: Germany, Italy, Japan
  • Allies: Britain, France, and eventually SU, US, and China
  • April and May 1940-Germany attacks and conquers 5 countries
    • Eyes on France next
  • France set up forts and armies along borders where Germany attacked in WWI
france falls cont
France Falls Cont.
  • Germany attacked through Ardennes mountains to the English Channel to corner France and Britain
    • Troops escaped to Britain from Dunkirk port “miracle at Dunkirk”
    • Winston Churchill=new Prime Minister of Britain, warned that wars are not won by evacuations
    • France divided… occupied France (North), Vichy France (small southern area)

Hitler Swaggers into Paris, 1940The fall of France to German forces in June 1940 was a galling blow to French pride and convinced many Americans that their country must mobilize to defeat the Nazi menace.

battle of britain
Battle of Britain
  • Churchill was ready for battle
  • Hitler: Operation Sea Lion-invasion of Britain, July 1940
    • Air force battle over English Channel and Britain
    • Britain lost 1,000 planes, Germans 1,700
      • Month long bombing campaign “the blitz”
      • British held on, Hitler postponed
americans debate involvement
Americans Debate Involvement
  • Isolationists-Majority of Americans opposed war
  • Neutrality Acts of 1935,36,37
    • Restrictions of Americans during times of war
    • Selling munitions and arms, sailing on ships owned by nations at war
  • Interventionists:
    • FDR wanted to intervene
    • Neutrality Act of 1939
      • Cash and Carry-Allowed nations at war to buy goods and arms from the U.S. if they paid cash and carried on their own ships
fdr inches to involvement
FDR Inches to Involvement
  • Reports from London convinced many Americans that the U.S. should at least prepare
    • Selective Service Act (draft)
    • FDR gave Britain 50 WWI battle ships in exchange for 8 defense bases
  • Tripartite Pact
    • Germany, Italy, Japan became allies
  • FDR re-elected 1940
    • Increased support for Britain
    • “four freedoms” in danger
  • Lend Lease Act 1941
    • Authorized FDR to “sell, transfer title to, exchange, lease, lend, or otherwise dispose of, to any such gov. any defense article” when in the best interest of the U.S.
    • Economic declaration of war
atlantic charter
Atlantic Charter
  • FDR and Churchill met secretly on warship off the coast of Newfoundland
  • Atlantic Charter:
    • Endorsed national self-determination and an international system of “general security”
    • Deepened alliance between countries
germany attacks american subs
Germany Attacks American Subs
  • Hitler knew we were supporting the Allies
  • Fall 1941-German U-boats attacked U.S. ships
    • USS Greer, Kearny, and sunk the USS Reuben James
    • U.S. still neutral but FDR game orders to attack boats
    • Nov. 1941 Germany at war with SU and we were not far behind