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GLOBAL EXISTANCE (these could be used by any other program without creating
Structure and table both are 2/2 matrices but there are many differences between table
1. Table can store the data physically but a structure dose not store.
2. Table can have primary key but a structure dose not have.
3. Table can have the technical attribute but a structure dose not have.
structure doesn‟t contain technical attributes.
structure doesn‟t contain primary key.
structure doesn‟t stores underline database level.
a) Specify key, and do a binary search
b) Specify the table-keys
c) Directly specify the index value
d) Use a work-area with same structure as the internal table.
AnsCollect : If an entry with the same key already exists, the COLLECT statement does not
append a new line, but adds the contents of the numeric fields in the work area to the
contents of the numeric fields in the existing entry.
Append – Duplicate entries occurs.
We can format the reports output by using the loop events like:
etc check docu
a) The first record’s value is used in the collected version.
b) The last record’s value is used in the collected version.
c) Compilation error
d) Cannot be predicted
Open SQL – These statements are a subset of standard SQL. It consists of DML
command (Select, Insert, Update, Delete). It can simplify and speed up database access.
Buffering is partly stored in the working memory and shared memory. Data in buffer is not
Native SQL – They are loosely integrated into ABAP. It allows access to all functions
containing programming interface. They are not checked and converted. They are sent
directly to the database system. Programs that use Native SQL are specific to the database
system for which they were written. For e.g. to create or change table definition in the
table is a dynamic and template is a static.
a) SORT ITAB USING key1 key2.
b) SORT ITAB BY key1 key2.
c) SORT ITAB WITH key1 key2.
d) SORT ITAB key1 key2.
To use a Native SQL statement, you must precede it with the EXEC SQL
statement, and follow it with the ENDEXEC statement as follows:
EXEC SQL [PERFORMING ].
There is no period after Native SQL statements. Furthermore, using inverted commas (") or
an asterisk (*) at the beginning of a line in a native SQL statement does not introduce a
comment as it would in normal ABAP syntax. You need to know whether table and field
names are case-sensitive in your chosen database.
End-of-selection event are mostly usedÂ when we are writing HR-ABAP code. In the
HR-ABAP code, data is retrived in the Start-of-selection event and Printing on the list and all
will beÂ done in End-of-selection event.
a) SELECT…PACKET SIZE X….
b) SELECT…PACKAGE SIZE X…
c) SELECT…UPTO X RECORDS….
d) This facility is not available in ABAP.
ABAP Editor: Tool in the ABAP Workbench in which you enter the source code of
ABAP programs and check their syntax. You can also navigate from the ABAP Editor to the
other tools in the ABAP Workbench.
The default event in the ABAP is Start-of-selection.We have to call explicitely this
event when you are writing other than thseventÂ , that is when you write ATÂ SELECTIONSCREEN
EVENTS OR INITIALIZATION EVENT etc,you have to explicitely mention the
Start-of-selection event while you are writing the logic.
Before these events called ,all the code you have written come into this default Start-of-selection
15.LOOP AT ITAB_DTL_1.COLLECT ITAB_DTL_1 INTO ITAB_FINAL.ENDLOOP.
If the tables contain character fields, which table should be declared with the keys
c) Either one will do.
d) Neither needs a key to be specified
An Interactive report is a dynamic drill down report that produces the list on
a) The list produced by classical report doesn't allow user to interact with the system where
as the list produced by interactive report allows the user to interact with the system.
B) Once a classical report, executed user looses control where as Interactive, user has
C) In classical report, drilling is not possible where as in interactive, drilling is possible.
OOABAP is used to develop BSP/PCUI applications and also anthing involved object
oriented like BADIs, SmartForms..etc.where as ABAP is used to develop traditional programs in
a) CONCATENATE source1, source2 INTO target.
b) CONCATENATE source1 source2 INTO target.
c) CONCATENATE source1 and source2 INTO target.
d) None of the above.
Its an Interactive report where in the user can get more relevant data by
Buffer is nothing but a memory area. table is buffered means that table information is
available on application server. when you call data from database table it will come from
transperent and pooled tables are buffered. cluster tables can not buffered.
21.On the selection-screen, if, while using SELECT-OPTIONS, we specify NO INTERVALS,
we can guarantee that the user will not be able to enter a range of values.
1. Called program - SE37 - Creating function group, function module by assigning
attributes, importing, exporting, tables, and exceptions.
2. Calling program - SE38 - In program, click pattern and write function name- provide
export, import, tables, exception values.
Exactly where can we link the functional module to abapcoding.
Pretty Printer is used to format the ABAP Code we write in ABAP Editor ,like KEY WORDS in
Capitals and remaining are in small letters which is also depend on system settings.
We can call the function module in the ABAP Code .Press the Pattern button on Appl. tool bar
then u will get box where u write the function module NAME which u want to call in the code by
selecting the radio button CALL FUNCTION. In this way we link function module to ABAP
Exceptions: Our function module needs an exception that it can trigger if there
are no entries in table SPFLI that meet the selection criterion. The exception NOT_FOUND
serves this function.
sap memory is a global memory whereas ABAP memory is local memory.
For example, we have four programs in ABAP memory and assigned some variables to a
particular program in ABAP memory then those variables can‟t be used by any other program in
ABAP memory i.e., the variables are only for that program and also local to that memory,
whereas sap memory can access all the ABAP memory or else it can perform any kind of
a) One field’s contents to another field
b) One structure’s contents to another compatible structure
c) One table’s contents to another compatible table
d) A part of one field to another field
Ans: a, b, c, d
Fields of BDC_Tab& BDCDATA Table:
Sr.No Fields - Description
1) Program - BDC Module pool
2) Dynpro - BDC Screen Number
3) Dynbegin - BDC Screen Start
4) Fname - Field Name
5) Fval - BDC field value
TYPE, you assign datatype directly to the data object while declaring.
LIKE,you assign the datatype of another object to the declaring data object. The datatype is
a) ELSE must be used
b) ELSEIF must be used
c) If ELSEIF is used, ELSE must be used
d) None of the above
Different types of data dictionary objects:
3) Data elements
7) Search Helps
8) Local Objects
se16 is a data browse and it is used to view the contents of the table and we cannot
change or append new fields to the existing structure of the table as we cannot view the structure
level display using the se16
d) None of the above
When the table is activated, a physical table definition is created in the database
for the table definition stored in the ABAP dictionary. The table definition is translated from
the ABAP dictionary of the particular database.
It is available for any insertion, modification and updation of records by any user.
The 2 editors are se38 and se80 both have the ABAP editor in place. In se38 you can
go create programs and view online reports and basically do all the development of objects in
this editor. In se80 ( object navigator) there are additional features such as creating packages,
module pool , function group ,classes, programs ( where you can create ur programs) and BSP
a) Find the number of lines currently in table
b) Find initial size of the table
c) Find type of the internal table
d) Give the line size, in number of characters, of the table
Ans: a, b, c
It is similar to table index that gives list of possible values for either primary
keys or non-primary keys.
Report is a executable program
Dialog is a module pool program. It has to be executed via a transaction only.
Dialog programming is used for customization of screens
There are 5 elements of selection screen:
Selection-screen include blocks
Selection-screen include parameters
Selection-screen include select-options
Selection-screen include comment
Selection-screen include push-button
WAS web application server or ITS are generally used for this purpose. If you are sitting at your
office with a server which is in the system and the other server is at the clients place you can
generate IDOC, intermediate documents which carry the data you want to transfer or the
documents you want to transfer, these IDOC are interpreted by the system at the receiving end
with the message class with which it is bound with. If you want to logon a system which is very
distant..then remote login can be used this depends on the internet speed.
Main function of ranges to pass data to the actual selection tables without
displaying the selection screen.
Min, Max values provided in selection screens.
It is often necessary to directly access individual records in a data structure. This is done
using unique keys. Number ranges are used to assign numbers to individual database
records for a commercial object, to complete the key. Such numbers are e.g. order numbers
or material master numbers.
Roll area is nothing but memory allocated by work process. It holds the information
needed by R/3 about programs execution such as value of the variables.
Dispatcher :All the requests that come from presentation server will be directed first to
dispatcher. Further dispatcher sends this requests to work process on FIFO(First In and First Out)
CTS stands for Correction and Transport System. The CTS provides a range of
functions that help you to choose a transport strategy optimally suited to your
requirements. We recommend that you follow the transport strategy while you plan and set
up your system landscape.
Correction and Transport System (CTS) is a tool that helps you to organize development
projects in the ABAP Workbench and in Customizing, and then transport the changes
between the SAP Systems and clients in your system landscape. This documentation
provides you with an overview of how to manage changes with the CTS and essential
information on setting up your system and client landscape and deciding on a transport
strategy. Read and follow this documentation when planning your development project. For
practical information on working with the Correction and Transport System, see Correction
and Transport Organizer and Transport Management System.
Effect :The statement STOP is only to be used in executable programs
Effect :If the EXIT statement is executed outside of a loop, it will immediately terminate the
current processing block.
Effect : This statement positions the list cursor on the first position of the first line in a logical
unit. So “Cancle” is not an exit command.
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