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TUESDAY November 19, 2013. Turn in 6.4 assignment Answer the following in notebook: Giv e ONE cause of the War of 1812 Name the city the British captured & burned N ame the most important battle of the War of 1812 (fought AFTER the peace treaty )

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tuesday november 19 2013

TUESDAY November 19, 2013

Turn in 6.4 assignment

Answer the following in notebook:

Give ONE cause of the War of 1812

Name the city the British captured & burned

Name the most important battle of the War of 1812 (fought AFTER the peace treaty)

Which political party “died” after the War of 1812?

slide2

Section 4: The War of 1812, Objectives

Why did the United States go to war with Britain, and what was the outcome of that war?

  • Identify the events that led to the War Hawks’ call for war.
  • Analyze the major battles and conflicts of the War of 1812.
  • Explain the significance of the War of 1812.
slide3

Identify the events that led to the War Hawks’ call for war.

Americans faced trouble from Native Americans.

  • Shawnee warrior Tecumseh and his brother tried to unite Native Americans to fight American expansion.
  • Following victory at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811, William Henry Harrison burned Prophetstown, Tecumseh’s village.
  • Westerners blamed the British in Canada for arming the Indians, and demanded action.
slide4

Identify the events that led to the War Hawks’ call for war.

  • They were led by John C. Calhoun of South Carolina and Henry Clay of Kentucky.
  • They denounced Britain’s impressment of U.S. sailors and its support for Native Americans.
  • They believed an invasion of Canada would stop British aid to the Indians and force Britain to respect Americaat sea.

NOTES

In 1811, the War Hawks took the lead in Congress.

slide5

Identify the events that led to the War Hawks’ call for war.

  • But the nation was totally unprepared with only a small army and navy.
  • Thomas Jefferson advised Madison that an invasion of Canada would be easy.
  • He proved wrongand repeated attempts to invade Canada failed.

The War of 1812 began when Congress declared war in June 1812.

slide7

Analyze the major battles and conflicts of the War of 1812.

Early on the British were occupied in Europe, allowing several American victories.

slide8

Analyze the major battles and conflicts of the War of 1812.

1

British troops occupied eastern Maine.

A second army invaded New York from Montreal but was turned back.

A third force invaded Maryland, burning Washington D.C., but failed to take Baltimore.

A fourth Army headed to New Orleans. They would be routed by Andrew Jackson.

NOTES

In 1814, Britain defeated France and then launched a four-part offensive in America.

2

3

4

slide9

Analyze the major battles and conflicts of the War of 1812.

The Americans’ worst humiliation came when British troops burned the White House and Capitol.

slide10

Explain the significance of the War of 1812.

  • Both sides agreed to return to pre-war boundaries.
  • A commission was set up to discuss any future boundarydisputes.
  • Impressment and American neutrality were not discussed.

The Treaty of Ghent ended the war.

slide11

Explain the significance of the War of 1812.

NOTES

Several events of the War of 1812 fostered American pride.

The British failure to take Fort McHenry in Baltimore inspired Francis Scott Key to write “The Star-Spangled Banner.”

In January 1815, Andrew Jackson crushed the British in the Battle of New Orleans. The battle took place after the war had officially ended. News of a treaty had not yet arrived.

battle of new orleans johnny horton
In 1814 we took a little tripAlong with Colonel Jackson down the mighty Mississipp'We took a little bacon and we took a little beansAnd we caught the bloody British in the town of New Orleans We fired our guns and the British kept a coming   There wasn't nigh as many as there was a while ago   We fired once more and they began to running   Down the Mississippi to the Gulf of MexicoWe looked down the river and we seen the British comeAnd there must have been a hundred of them beating on the drumsThey stepped so high and they made their bugles ringWe stood behind our cotton bales and didn't say a thingOld Hickory said we could take 'em by supriseIf we didn't fire a musket 'til we looked 'em in the eyesWe held our fire 'til we seen their faces wellWe opened up our squirrel guns and really gave 'em…Well they ran through the briars and they ran through the bramblesAnd they ran through the bushes where the rabbits couldn't goThey ran so fast the hounds couldn't catch 'emOn down the Mississippi to the Gulf of MexicoWe fired our cannon 'til the barrel melted downThen we grabbed an alligator and we fought another roundWe filled his head with cannonballs and powdered his behindAnd when we touched the powder off the gator lost his mind“Battle of New Orleans”Johnny Horton

In eighteen-fourteen we took a little tripAlong with Colonel Packingham up to Mississipp'We took a little bacon and we took a little beansAnd we met the bloomy Rebels in the town of New Orleans.We fired our guns and the Rebels kept a comin'There wasn't night as many as there was a while agoWe fired once more and they began to runnin'On down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico.We looked up the river and we seen the Rebels comeWhile we head at least a hundred of 'em beatin' on the drumWe stepped so high and we made our bugles ringWhile they stood beside the cotton bails and didn't say a thing.Old Hickory said they'd take us by surpriseIf they didn't fire a musket till we looked us in the eyesThey held their fire till they seen our faces wellThen they opened up their squirrel guns and really gave us...Yeah, we ran through the briars and we ran through the bramblesAnd we ran through the bushes where a rabbit couldn't goWe ran so fast that the hounds couldn't catch usOn down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico.They fired their cannon till the barrel melted downSo they grabbed the alligator and they fought another roundThey filled his head with cannonballs and powdered his behindAnd when they took the powder off the gator lost his mind.

slide14

Explain the significance of the War of 1812.

The war was not popular with everyone.

A group of Federalists held the Hartford Convention in December 1814 to consider secession and making a separate peace with Britain.

After the Treaty of Ghent, these Federalists were discredited as traitors and by 1820, the Federalist Party had disappeared.

slide17

6.1 How did the debates over the role of government lead to the formation of political parties?

  • The first parties were formed from groups divided mainly over the issue of how much power the federal government should have. Federalists believed in a strong federal government. [give more information regarding leaders and other beliefs of the Federalists – what policies did they put in place?] Democratic Republicans believe that the power should be held mainly by the states. [give more information regarding leaders and other beliefs of the Democratic Republicans – what policies did they put in place?]
  • 6.2 How did foreign policy challenges affect debate and shape American government?
  • Foreign policy issues divided the two parties, polarized the government, and caused deep conflicts. One such issue was the French Revolution [describe it]. Another issue the Americans dealt with was the Barbary War. [describe it & how it was handled.] Yet another foreign policy issue came up with the XYZ Afar. [describe it]
  • 6.3 What were the successes and failures of the Jefferson Administration?
  • Reduced the national debt, Louisiana Purchase, Lewis & Clark Expedition, peace treaty with Barbary States, British embargo, refusal to build bigger navy; EXPLAIN EACH OF THESE, who/what they involved, why they were a success or a failure, etc..
  • 6.4 Why did the United States go to war with Britain and what was the outcome of the war?
  • The British impressed US sailors, limited US trade, and supported Native American attacks on American settlers. The British impresses US sailors because… US trade was limited by… The war ended in a draw, but it proved that the new nation could survive a war with another county. It also gave the Americans…
slide18

Why did the United States go to war with Britain, and what was the outcome of that war?

In 1812, the UnitedStates found itself involved in a major war that tested its strength and the solidarity of itspeople.

Americans managed to fight the war and get the country back on track in its aftermath.