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H201 Introduction . How Do Militaries Change?. H 200 Military Innovation in Peace and War. TLO 7: Use historical context to inform professional military judgment. Relationship of: . HISTORY Particular Knowledge What happened - or -

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h201 introduction

H201 Introduction

How Do Militaries Change?

h 200 military innovation in peace and war
H 200Military Innovation in Peace and War

TLO 7: Use historical context to inform professional military judgment

slide3
Relationship of:

HISTORYParticular Knowledge

What happened

- or -

THEORYGeneral Knowledge

What does it mean

- or -

DOCTRINECommon Behavior

What we do about it

- or -

“What Dead Guys Did”

“What Dead Guys Thought About it”

“What We Do To Avoid Being Dead Guys”

history
HISTORY
  • “Relevant” does not necessarily mean “Recent”
  • Limitations of internet sources
  • According to Luvaas, what are the fallacies or pitfalls?
pittfalls fallacies
PITTFALLS & FALLACIES
  • Don’t assume absolute truth
  • Avoid using “facts” to “prove” a particular idea about future
  • Practice asking questions about the data, trying to understand both sides of conflict
focus of course
FOCUS OF COURSE
  • What is “Innovation”?
  • How easy is it for a major institution to change fundamentally?
a model of innovation
A Model of Innovation

Conceptual

(thoughtware)

Technological

(hardware)

THREAT

Logistical

(resources)

MILITARY

CULTURE

POLITICAL

FACTORS

slide8
Text
  • Murray/Millett: Case studies in interwar innovation, transformation and doctrine development – provocative
h200 readings
H200 Readings
  • Point of departure for the next class
  • Contribute insights to be developed in future classes
  • Provide material for essay
  • Make you better informed about your profession
slide10
H200 Evaluation Plan
  • Graded outline: pass/fail
  • 3-5 page essay 60%
  • Participation 40%

_____

Total 100%

course requirements
COURSE REQUIREMENTS
  • Read 50-60 pages per class
  • Class preparation/involvement
  • Outline
  • Argumentative paper
plagiarism
Plagiarism
  • “The false assumption of authorship: the wrongful act of taking the product of another person’s mind, and presenting it as one’s own” (MLA Handbook, 5th ed., p. 30)
  • Intellectual theft, an ethical and moral offense, and penalties are severe
  • Using another’s words or thoughts (within reason) is entirely permissible, as long as proper attribution is made
plagiarism1
Plagiarism
  • When in doubt, cite
  • Submitting a paper written for a previous course is self-plagiarism and another form of cheating
paris peace conference
PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE
  • Germany: Treaty of Versailles, 1919
  • Austria (St. Germain, 1919), Hungary (Trianon, 1920), Turkey (Sevres, 1920) etc.
  • Dismemberment, reparations for former Central Powers
interwar period 1919 39
INTERWAR PERIOD (1919-39)
  • Germany disarmed, dismembered, vengeful
  • Democracies exhausted, pacifistic
  • Soviet Union isolated, preaching world-wide revolution (COMINTERN)
  • Unresolved ethnic minorities in eastern Europe
  • Great Depression, 1929 onward
1919 1939
1919-1939
  • Myth that only certain armies innovated and learned
  • Belated, hasty rearmament and innovation
  • New weapons accomplished little without correct doctrine and experience
common factors
Common Factors
  • Anti-military revulsion
  • Tight defense budgets-large stockpiles of aging equipment-Limited Japanese and Italian industrial plants
  • Rapid change in technology
  • Confusion of terminology
  • Disagreements among theorists, especially airpower
the 1920 s
The 1920’s
  • U.S. failed to join League of Nations
  • 1921-22 Washington Naval Conference
  • 1925 Geneva Protocol on Chem Wpns
  • 1925 Locarno Pact
  • 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact
  • 1932-34 Geneva Arms Limitation Conferences
the road to war
THE ROAD TO WAR
  • 1931: Japanese seizure of Manchuria
  • 1934: Assassination of Englebert Dollfuss/Austrian Crisis
  • 1935: Germany restored Luftwaffe, conscription; Italy invaded Ethiopia
  • 1936: Hitler reoccupied Rhineland
  • 1936-39: Spanish Civil War
the road to war1
THE ROAD TO WAR

1937: Japan invaded China

Feb 1938: Austrian Anschluss

Sep 1938: Munich Crisis, dismemberment of Czechoslovakia

Mar 1939: Occupation of Prague

Aug 1939: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

Sep 1939: Invasion of Poland

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