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MkW - fo’.kq jktxf <+;k jkT ; leUo;d ] > kj [ kaM iapk;r efgyk fjlkslZ lsaVj PowerPoint Presentation
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MkW - fo’.kq jktxf <+;k jkT ; leUo;d ] > kj [ kaM iapk;r efgyk fjlkslZ lsaVj - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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> kj [ kaM esa iapk;rksa ds vf / kdkj , oa drZO ;. Dr. Vishnu Rajgadia State Coordinator Jharkhand Panchayat Women Resource Centre State Institute of Rural Development, Hehal, Ranchi. MkW - fo’.kq jktxf <+;k jkT ; leUo;d ] > kj [ kaM iapk;r efgyk fjlkslZ lsaVj

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slide1

>kj[kaMesaiapk;rksadsvf/kdkj ,oadrZO;

Dr. Vishnu RajgadiaState CoordinatorJharkhand Panchayat Women Resource CentreState Institute of Rural Development, Hehal, Ranchi

MkW- fo’.kqjktxf<+;k

jkT; leUo;d] >kj[kaMiapk;refgykfjlkslZlsaVj

lMZ] lkmFkdSail] gsgy] jkaph

slide2

Hkkjrdklafo/kku & vuqPNsn 40 & jkT; dsuhfrfuns”kdrRojkT; xzkeiapk;rksadklaxBudjusdsfy, dnemBk,xkvkSjmudks ,slh “kfDr;kavkSjizkf/kdkjiznkudjsxktksmUgsaLok;Rr “kklu dh bdkb;ksads :iesadk;Zdjus ;ksX; cukusdsfy, vko”;d gksaA

bulfefr;ksa us Hkhiapk;rhjktdkst:jhcrk;k

cyoarjk; esgrklfefr dh flQkfj”k & 1957v”kksdesgrklfefr dh flQkfj”k & 1977ihohdsjkolfefr dh flQkfj”k & 1985

ysfdu 1993 rd iapk;rksadkslaoS/kkfudnjtkughafeykA

1993 esa lafo kku esa 73 oka la kks ku gqvk
1993 esalafo/kkuesa 73 okala”kks/kugqvk
  • blesa f=&Lrjh; iapk;rhjktO;oLFkk dh x;h &
    • xzke] iaz[kM ,oaftykLrjh;A
  • iapk;rksadksLo'kklu dh laLFkkcukusdsfy, fuEufyf[krvf/kdkjfn;stkldrsgSa&
    • 29 fo"k;ksadslaca/k esavkfFkZdfodklvkSjlkekftdU;k; dsfy, ;kstuk,arS;kjdjukvkSjmudkfu"iknudjukA¼bu 29 fo’k;ksadkslafo/kkuesaX;kjgohavuqlwphds :iesatksM+kx;kA½
    • dj] M;wVht] V‚y] 'kqYdvkfnyxkusvkSjmlsolwydjusdkiapk;rksadksvf/kdkj
    • jkT;ksa }kjk ,d= djksa] M;wfV;ksa] V‚yvkSj 'kqYdksadkiapk;rksadksgLrkarj.k
slide4

iapk;rksa dh “kfDr % laoS/kkfudizko/kku

  • lafo/kkudsvuqPNsn 243 ¼th½esaiapk;rksadks 29 fo’k;ksa dh “kfDrnsusdkmYys[k fd;kx;kgSA
  • blvuqPNsn dh dafMdkchesalkekftdU;k; ,oavkfFkZdfodklgsrqX;kjgohavuqlwphlslanfHkZr “kfDr;kansus dh ckrdghx;hgSA
  • lafo/kkudsmDrizko/kku ,oa 11 ohavuqlwphdsrgr 29 fo’k;ksa dh lwphuhpsdsistesanhx;hgSA
  • mijksDrizko/kkuksadsvarxZr >kj[kaMiapk;rjktvf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 75] 76 ,oa 77 esadze”k% xzkeiapk;r] iapk;rlfefr ,oaftykifj’kndksbufo’k;ksalslacaf/krd`R; djus dh “kfDrdkizko/kkugSA
  • jktLFkkuljdkj }kjknhx;h “kfDrdsvuq:i >kj[kaMesad`f’kfoHkkx] lektdY;k.kfoHkkx ,oaf”k{kkfoHkkx us iapk;rksadks “kfDr;kanhgSaA
  • LokLF; ,oadY;k.kfoHkkx }kjkladYitkjhdjus dh izfdz;kpyjghgSA
  • QaM] QaD”ku ,oaQaD”kujht dh “kfDr;kaiapk;rksadksfoHkkxh; ladYids }kjknhtkuhgSA
constitutional provision
Constitutional Provision
  • 243G. Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats.- Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the Legislature of a State may, by law, endow the Panchayats with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as institutions of self-government and such law may contain provisions for the devolution of powers and responsibilities upon Panchayats at the appropriate level, subject to such conditions as may be specified therein, with respect to-
  • (a) the preparation of plans for economic development and social justice;
  • (b) the implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice as may be entrusted to them including those in relation to the matters listed in the Eleventh Schedule.
11 th schedule of the constitution
11th Schedule of the Constitution

15. Non-conventional energy sources.

16. Poverty alleviation programme.

17. Education, primary -secondary schools.

18. Technical training , vocational education.

19. Adult and non-formal education.

20. Libraries.

21. Cultural activities. 22. Markets, fairs.

23. Health and sanitation, hospitals, primary health centres and dispensaries.

24. Family welfare.

25. Women and child development.

26. Social welfare, including welfare of the handicapped and mentally retarded.

27. Welfare of the weaker sections, and in particular, of the SC/ST

28. Public distribution system.

29. Maintenance of community assets.“.

1. Agriculture, including agricultural extension.

2. Land improvement, land reforms, land consolidation, soil conservation.

3. Minor irrigation, water management and watershed development.

4. Animal husbandry, dairying and poultry.

  • Fisheries.
  • 6. Social forestry and farm forestry.

7. Minor forest produce.

8. Small scale and food processing industries.

9. Khadi, village and cottage industries.

10. Rural housing. 11. Drinking water.

12. Fuel and fodder.

13. Roads, culverts, bridges, ferries, waterways and other means of communication.

14. Rural electrification, distribution of electricity.

kj kam esa fnlacj 2010 esa iapk r pquko gq
>kj[kaMesafnlacj 2010 esaiapk;rpqukogq,

Lrj la[;k fuokZfprizfrfuf/k

xzkeiapk;r 4384 43475

iapk;rlfefr 259 4384

ftykifj’kn 24 349

slide8

32 lkydscknjkT; esaiapk;rdspqukogksusdsdkj.kfuokZfprizfrfuf/k;ksadk {kerkfuekZ.kcM+hpqukSrh

  • yxHkx 56 izfr”krinksaijefgyk,a
  • efgykizfrfuf/k;ksadkl”kfDrdj.kHkhizkFkfedrk
  • d`f’k ,oaxUukfodklfoHkkx] lektdY;k.k] efgyk ,oackyfodklfoHkkx] ekuolalk/kufoHkkx] is;ty ,oaLoPNrkfoHkkx] LokLF; foHkkxbR;kfn us iapk;rksadksfofHkUuvf/kdkj ,oadk;ZlkSaisgSaA
  • vU; dqNfoHkkxksaesaizfdz;ktkjhgSA
slide9

23 Qjojhdkseksjkcknhesaiapk;refgyk “kfDrvfHk;kudseaplsegkefgejkT;iky us vkBfoHkkxksaesa “kh/kzvf/kdkj dh ?kks’k.kk dh&

  • [kk| vkiwfrZfoHkkx¼tuforj.kiz.kkyhdslaca/k esa½
  • is;ty ,oaLoPNrkfoHkkx
  • xzkeh.kfodklfoHkkx
  • m|ksxfoHkkx
  • ou ,oai;kZoj.kfoHkkx
  • y?kqflapkbZfoHkkx
  • i'kqikyu ,oaeRL; ikyufoHkkx
  • dyk] laLd`fr] [ksydwn ,oa ;qokdk;ZfoHkkx
kj kam esa iapk rksa dk forrh vf kdkj
>kj[kaMesaiapk;rksadkfoRrh; vf/kdkj

iz”kklfudLohd`frdkvf/kdkj&

  • xzkeiapk;r¼eqf[k;k½ & ikapyk[k rd] iapk;rlfefr & nlyk[k rd
  • ftykifj’kn & 25 yk[k rd Lora= :ils] 25 yk[k lsT;knkljdkj dh vuqefrlsA
  • iz”kklfudLohd`friapk;rlfefr @ ftykifj’kn dh cSBdesanhtk;sxhAcgqerlsnhx;hLohd`frdksghekU;rkfeysxhAizeq[k@v/;{k Lora= :ilsLohd`frughansaxsA

iapk;r dh fuf/k ls ;kstukijrduhdhLohd`fr &

  • ¼1½ lgk;dvfHk;ark] ftykifj’kn@led{k lgk;dvfHk;ark & nlyk[k rd
  • ¼2½ ftykvfHk;ark] ftykifj’kn@led{k dk;ZikydvfHk;ark & iphlyk[k rd
  • ¼3½ v/kh{k.kvfHk;ark & ipklyk[k rd ¼4½ eq[; vfHk;ark & ipklyk[k lsvf/kd
  • mDriz”kklfud ,oarduhdhLohd`fr dh vf/klhekiapk;rhjktlaLFkkvksadksdsanzljdkj@ jkT; ljdkj @ vU; laLFkk @ Lofuf/k lsizkIrfuf/k;ksa }kjkyhtkusokyh ;kstukijykxwgksxhA
  • eaf=eaMylfpoky; dsladYi & Kkikad 334 fnukad 11-03-2011 dsvuqlkjiapk;rhjktlaLFkkvksa }kjknksyk[k rd izkDdfyrjkf”k dh NksVh ;kstukvksadkdk;kZUo;uLFkkuh; ykHkqdlfefrdsek/;e lsdjk;ktk;sxkA
lekt dy k k esa iapk rksa ds vf kdkj oa drzo
lektdY;k.kesaiapk;rksadsvf/kdkj ,oadrZO;
  • 1- vkaxuckM+hdsUnzHkoudkvuqj{k.k] ejEefr ,oalqlTthdj.k &
  • budk;ksZa dh jkf'kftykifj"kndksmiyC/k djk;htk;sxhAbldkdk;kZUo;uiapk;rhjktlaLFkkds }kjkviusfu;a=.k esalEikfnrdjk;ktk;sxkA
2 vkaxuckm h dsunzksa esa lapkfyr xfrfof k ka
2- vkaxuckM+hdsUnzksaesalapkfyrxfrfof/k;ka
  • ¼d½vkaxuckM+hdsUnzdks le; ij [kksyusvkSjfu;ferlapkyuesaLFkkuh; iapk;rhjktlaLFkk,¡ fuxjkuh j[ksxhvkSjbldkfu;fervuqJo.kdjsxhA
  • fdlhHkhvfu;ferrkdslanHkZesaviukizfrosnuckyfodklifj;kstukLrjijvuq'kalklfgrHkstsxhA
  • ¼[k½ykHkqdksadkp;u &vkaxuckM+hdsUnzdsiks"kd {ks= dsvUrxZriwjdiks"kkgkjykHkqdksadkp;u 03 o"kZls 06 o"kZ rd cPpksadksxeZ [kkuk ,oaxHkZorh ,oa /kk=h ekrkvksarFkk Ng ekglsrhuo’kZdscPpksadksVh-,p-vkj- Vsdgksejk”kuforj.kdsLFkkuh; LrjijxfBriapk;rhjktlaLFkkvksadhHkwfedkegRoiw.kZgksxhA
  • oslqfuf'prdjsxhfdftuykHkkFkhZdksykHkfn;ktkjgkgS] osokLrfodykHkqdgksAihvkjvkbdsUnzijmudh 'krizfr'krmifLFkfresavkaxuckM+hdsUnzdslsfodk ,oalgkf;dkdksHkhviuklg;ksxiznkudjsxhA
  • fu;fermifLFkfrdkslqfuf'prdjusesaiapk;rizfrfuf/k lfØ; ;ksxnkunsaxsrFkkvko';dfn'kk&funsZ'klsfodk ,oalgkf;dkdks ns ldsxsaA
  • 3- iwjdiks"kkgkjdk;ZØe &Hkkjrljdkjds fu/kkZfjrekin.Mdsvuq:imiyC/krk ,oaxq.koÙkk dh tk¡pdjlqfuf'prdjus dh tokcnsghiapk;rhjktlaLFkkvkas dh gksxhA
  • bldhvfu;ferrk dh tk¡pdjckyfodklifj;kstukinkf/kdkjhLrjijviuklq>ko ,oavuq'kalkHkstsxsaA
slide13

4- LdwyiwoZf'k{kk &vkaxuckM+hdsUnzdksulZjhfo|ky; ds :iesaifjofrZrdjus dh ;kstukdsvuq:iLdwyiwoZf'k{kkdksjkspdcukusgsrqiz;klfd;kx;kgSALdwyiwoZf'k{kkdklapkyuizR;sdvkaxuckM+hdsUnzijlqfuf'prdjusesaiapk;rhjktlaLFkkviuklg;ksxiznkudjsxhrFkk le;&le; ijLdwyiwoZf'k{kkdsfy, vko';dlq>komiyC/k djk;sxhA >kj[k.Mf'k{kkifj;kstuk@lektdY;k.kfoHkkx }kjkvkiwfrZ dh x;hLdwyiwoZf'k{kkdhV~ldsiz;ksxdks c<+koknsaxsA

  • izfrj{k.k &LokLF; fpfdRlk ,oaifjokjdY;k.kfoHkkx ,oalektdY;k.k] efgyk ,oackyfodklfoHkkx }kjkla;qDrvkns'kdsvuq:iizfrj{k.kdk;ZesaxzkeLokLF; ,oaiks’k.kfnol (VHND - Village Health Nutrition Day) ijlHkhiapk;rhjktlaLFkk,¡ viuhmifLFkfresablfnolijizfrj{k.kdks c<+koknsusrFkkVh,pvkjdksviusfuxjkuhesalghykHkqdksadschplghek=k esaforj.kdjsxhrFkkforj.klwphijviuhmifLFkfrntZdjldsxhA
slide14

iks"k.k ,oaLokLF; f'k{kk &iapk;rhjktlaLFkkiks"k.k ,oaLokLF; f'k{kk dh O;oLFkkdksvkaxuckM+hdsanzksaijykxwdjusesaviuhldkjkRedHkwfedkvnkdjrsgq, dqiks’k.kdsfo:) vfHk;kuesalfdz; :ilsHkkxysrsgq, cPpksa dh “krizfr”krcPpksa dh Ldzhfuax ,oadqiksf’krcPpksadksnqxqukiks’kkgkjforj.krFkkfdzfudyfVzVesaVdsfy, fpfUgrcPpksadks ,e-Vh-lh- HkstusrFkk ,e-Vh-lh- lsokilvkusdsi”pkrizFke] f}rh; ,oar`rh; QkyksvigsrqvkaxuckM+hdsanzLrjijiwjhfuxjkuh j[ksxhAbldslkFkdE;qfuVhcsLMlaizs’k.kesaegRoiw.kZHkwfedkvnkdjsxhA

  • gsYFkpsdvi & vkaxuckM+hdsUnzLrjijLokLF; ijh{k.k ,,u,eds }kjkfu;fer :ilslEikfnrgksblijiapk;rhjktlaLFkk 'krr~ fuxjkuh j[ksxhAblesaLokLF; lfg;k dh HkwfedkHkhegRoiw.kZgSAesfMdyfdVmi;ksxdsfy, ykHkwdksadksizssfjrdjukrFkkLVkWd dh tkapHkhiapk;rizfrfuf/k;ksa }kjk dh tk;sxhA
slide15

eq[;ea=h dU;knku ;kstuk & eq[;ea=h dU;knku ;kstukdsykHkqdksadkp;uesaiapk;rhjktlaLFkklfØ; HkkxhnkjhfuHkk;sxh] ftllsfd ;kstukdkykHkokLrfodykHkkFkhZdksizkIrgksldsA

  • y{eh ykMyh ;kstuk & jkT; ljdkjdsblegRokdka{kh ;kstukesatUeysusokysokLrfodykHkkFkhZdksbl ;kstukdk 'krizfr’krykHkfeysbldsfy, iapk;rhjktlaLFkk dh lfØ; Hkwfedkvko’;dgS] rkfdlghykHkqddksbl ;kstuklstksM+ktk;Abl ;kstukdklghizpkjdjlektdksbldkvf/kdkf/kdykHkizkIrgksldsA
  • Lokehfoosdkuanfu”kDrLokoyacuizksRlkgu ;kstuk& bl ;kstukeasikapo"kZmijdsfu’kDrcPpksadksiapk;rhjktlaLFkk ,slsNqVsgq, ykHkqdksadkstksM+us ,oaykHkizkIrdjusokysykHkqdksadkscSad [kkrsesajkf’kizkIrgksjghgS ;k ugha dh tkapLFkkuh; LrjijdjsaxsAbllslacaf/krlq>koifj;kstukdk;kZy; dksmiyC/k djk;sxsaA
  • fodykaxNk=o`fr & bl ;kstukesaHkhykHkqdksadksp;uesaiapk;rjktlaLFkklfØ; HkkxhnkjhfuHkk;sxhAokLrfodykHkqddksykHkughagksusdsfLFkfresamudhvuq’kalkckyfodklifj;kstukLrjijHkstktk;sxkAykHkqdksaijfuxjkuh j[ksaxhrkfdokLrfodykHkqdksadks ;kstukdkykHkfu;ferizkIrgksldsA
slide16

Mk;uizFkkmUewyu & bllkekftddqfjfr;ksadsmUewyuessifj;kstuk ,oavkaxuckM+hdsUnzLrjijlapkfyrdk;ZØeksaesaiapk;rjktlaLFkklfØ; HkkxhnkjhfuHkk;sxh ,oalektesabldsfy, tutkx:drkvfHk;kuesaHkkxysusdsfy, izksRlkfgrdjsxhA

  • vUrtkZrh; fookg &vUrtkZrh; fookgdks c<+koknsusgsrqljdkj }kjkfn;stkusokysvuqnkujkf”kdkokLrfodykHkiapk;rhjktlaLFkkviuklfØ; Hkkxhnkjhlqfuf'prdjsxh ,oaykHkkFkhZdsp;uesaviukijke'kZHkh j[k ldsxhA
  • fodykaxdsfy, fo'ks"kmidj.k & fodykxdsfy, fo'ks"kmidj.kdkforj.kftykLrjijfd;ktkrkgS] ftlesaiapk;rhjktlaLFkkviuhvuq'kalkHkstsaxsrFkkykHkqdksa dh fuxjkuhHkh j[ksxhA
  • ewdcf/kjfo|ky;] us=ghufo|ky;] o`)k vkJe] fodykaxfo|ky;] efgykNk=kokl] vukFkky;&fofHkUuftykeq[;ky; esaLFkkfirljdkjh ,oaxSjljdkjhlaLFkkvksa }kjklapkfyr ,slsdsUnzksadkfuxjkuh ,oavuqJo.kiapk;rhjktlaLFkk le;&le; ijdjsxhA
dkfezd functionaries
dkfeZd (Functionaries)
  • vkaxuckM+hlsfodk ,oalgkf;dkdkp;u &
  • lektdY;k.k] efgyk ,oackyfodkl }kjkfuxZri= 585 fnukad 02-06-2006 dsvkyksdesavkaxuckM+hlsfodk ,oalgkf;dkdkp;uxzkelHkkdsLrjijfd;ktkrkgSA
  • p;udsmijkUriapk;rlfefr ,oaftykifj"kndkslwfprdjfn;ktk;sxkA
dks k fund
dks"k¼Fund½ &

vkaxuckM+hdsUnzHkoudkvuqj{k.k] ejEefr] lqlTthdj.k

  • bl en esactV dh jkf'kftykifj"kndksnhtk;sxhA
  • ftykifj"kn dh ;g ftEesokjhgksxhfdiapk;rlfefrdslg;ksxlsoSlsvkaxuckM+hdsUnzHkouftldkejEefrfd;ktkukvko';dgS] mu HkouksadksfpfUgrdjbldsfy, l{keizkf/kdkjlsizkDdyuijrduhfdLohd`frizkIrdjmiyC/k djk;sx;svkoaVulsejEefrdk;ZlEikfnrdjsaxsA
  • bl ;kstukij O;; jkf”k ,oaHkkSfrdmiyfC/k dh lwpukftykifj’kn }kjklektdY;k.kfoHkkxdksmiyC/k djk;htk;sxhA
fohkkxh lfefr k departmental committees
foHkkxh; lfefr;k¡ (Departmental committees)
  • xzkeiapk;r] iapk;rlfefr ,oaftykLrjdslHkhlfefr;ksadkslek;ksftrfd;ktkuk &
  • ftyk] iz[k.MvkSjxzkeiapk;rLrjijxfBr dh x;hlektdY;k.k] efgyk ,oackyfodklfoHkkxlaca/khlHkhfoHkkxh; lfefr;ksaesa ;Fkkuqlkj] iapk;rksa] iapk;rlfefr ,oaftykifj"kndslnL;ksadks 'kkfeyfd;ktk;sxkA
vkaxuckm h eq dke oa lsok a
vkaxuckM+h % eq[; dke ,oalsok,a
  • gjeghus ,d fuf'prfnuij ^LokLF; iks"k.kfnol* dkvk;kstudjukA
  • Vhdkdj.k % xHkZorhvkSj ,d o"kZlsNksVscPpksadkikapckjVhdkdj.kdjdsiw.kZVhdkdj.kdjukA
  • LdwyiwoZf'k{kk ,oacPpksadksiks"kkgkj
  • ekWadksLruiku ,oaf'k'kqvkgkjijlykg
  • iks"kkgkj % xHkZorh&?kk=h vkSj 6 ekgls 3 o"kZdscPpksadksiks"kkgkj
vkaxuckm h iapk r dh hkwfedk
vkaxuckM+h % iapk;r dh Hkwfedk
  • ekrk&lfefr
  • dqiks"k.k dh igpku¼,e-;w-,-lh- VsivkSjMCY;w-,p-vks- dsekin.M }kjk½
  • vfrxaHkhjdqiksf"krcPpksdksdqiks"k.kmipkjdsUnzesaHkstuk
  • eerkokgudkykHkfnykuk
  • 'kr&izfr'krlaLFkkxrizlodks c<+koknsuk
  • tuuhf'k'kqlqj{kkdk;ZØe
  • xzkeLrjij :i;s 10]000 vUVkbZMQaM dh miyC/krk
  • ?kjvk/kkfjruotkrf'k'kqizca/kuijlfg;kdk de ls de ,d ekgesa 7 ckjHkze.k
  • vkWxuckM+hlsfodkdkekgesarhuckjx`gHkze.k
  • ?kjesaizlogq, lHkhcPpksadk 21 fnudsvUnjiathdj.kvkSjlfVZfQdsV
d f k fohkkx esa iapk rksa ds vf kdkj oa drzo
d`f’kfoHkkxesaiapk;rksadsvf/kdkj ,oadrZO;

dk;Z] tksxzkeiapk;r@iapk;rlfefr@ftykifj"kndsLrjijgksaxs &

  • 1- d`f"kdk;Z ;Fkkcht dh vko';drkdkvkdyu ,oaforj.k] moZjddkvkdyu ,oaforj.k] [kk|kUuvf/kizkfIr ,oaHkaMkj.k] vU; d`f"kmiknkuksa@ midj.kksadkforj.k ,oavU; d`f"kdk;ksZdslQydk;kZUo;udkvuqJo.k@i;Zos{k.kA
  • 2- d`f"kdk;ksZdslQydk;kZUo;ugsrqlqik= ykHkkfUorksadkp;udjukA
  • 3- d`"kdksadksd`f"k _.k dh miyC/krklqfuf'prdjuk ,oafdlkuØsfMVdkMZforj.kbR;kfnA
  • 4- ftyk@iz[k.M@iapk;rLrjh; izpkjizlkj@izn'kZuh@dk;Z'kkykvksabR;kfndkvk;kstudjkukA
  • 5- d`"kddksQlychekdjkusgsrqizsfjrdjukrFkkmldkHkqxrkulqfuf'prdjkukA
f k kk fohkkx esa iapk rksa ds vf kdkj oa drzo
f”k{kkfoHkkxesaiapk;rksadsvf/kdkj ,oadrZO;

d- dk;Z¼Functions)%&

  • xzkeiapk;rfo|ky;ksadk ,d jftLVjrS;kjdjsxhrFkkmldkvuqj{k.kdjsxhA
  • izkFkfedfo|ky;ksadsekuolalk/kuksarFkkmuesamiyC/k lqfo/kkvksadkMkVkoslrS;kjdjsxhA
  • fo|ky; izca/k lafefr dh HkkxhnkjhlsloZf'k{kkvfHk;ku ;kstuklfgrf'k{kk ;kstuk,arS;kjdjsxhA
  • u, izkFkfedf'k|ky;ksadsfy, Hkwfedkp;udjsxhrFkkfo|ky; izca/k lfefrdslg;ksxls mu ijHkoucuk,xhvkSjfo|ky; Hkouksadklaj{k.kdjsxhA
  • xzkeiapk;rlHkhcPpksadkukekadulqfuf'prdjsxhA
  • izkFkfedf'k{kkdkschpeasghNksM+ nsusdksjksdusdkiz;kldjsxhA
  • fo|ky; izca/k lfefrdsek/;e lsykHkqdksadkp;udjsxhvkSjNk=o`frckaVsxh] i<+kusvkSjlh[kusdslkexzhdkforj.kdjsxh] e/;kg~uHkkstucukusvkSjmlsforfjrdjusdsdkedki;Zos{k.kdjsxhA
  • izkFkfedLdwyksadslkekftdvkWfMVvkSjloZf'k{kkvfHk;ku ,oaizkS<+ f'k{kkdsfy, xzkelHkkvksadkvk;kstudjsxhA
slide27

iz[kaMLrjh; iapk;rlfefr;kaxzkeLrjdsvkadM+ksadkladyudjsxh ,oaloZf'k{kkvfHk;kurFkkizkS<+ f'k{kkdsdk;kZUo;udki;Zos{k.kdjsaxhA

  • os ,sls {ks=ksadkp;udjsaxhtgkafo|ky; ughagSaogkafo|ky; dh lqfo/kklqfuf'prdjsaxhrFkkf'k{kkchpesaghNksM+usokyksa dh igpkudjmUgsaiqu% fo|ky; okilyk;saxhA
  • ftykiapk;r] iapk;rlfefr;ksadsvkadM+ksadkslesfdrdjsaxh] loZf'k{kkvfHk;ku ;kstukvksalfgrftyk ;kstuk,arS;kjdjsaxh] lkekftdvkWfMVdsifj.kkeksaijdkjZokbZdjsxhA
  • ftysesaizkFkfedf'k{kk] loZf'k{kkvfHk;kurFkkizkS<+ f'k{kklaca/khdk;Zdykiksadki;Zos{k.kdjsaxhA
  • iapk;rhjktlaLFkkvksadsfuokZfprinkf/kdkjhvius {ks=k/khuizkjafHkdfo|ky;ksadkfujh{k.kdjldsaxsA
  • mudhfujh{k.kfVIi.khdsvkyksdesa ;Fkkvko';drkfo|ky; izca/k lfefrds }kjkvko';ddkjZokbZ dh tk;sxhA
slide28

[k- dkfeZd(Functionaries)

  • iapk;rlfefr }kjkvk;ksftrf'k{k.kdk;ksZa ,oadk;ZØeksa dh leh{kkcSBdksaesaiz[kaMf'k{kkizlkjinkf/kdkjhHkkxyasxs ,oalfefrdksokafNrtkudkjhmiyC/k djk;saxsA
  • ftykifj"kn~ }kjkvk;ksftrf'k{k.kdk;ksZa ,oadk;ZØeksa dh leh{kkcSBdksaesaftykf'k{kk v/kh{kdHkkxysaxs ,oaftykifj"kn~ dksokafNrtkudkjhmiyC/k djk;saxsA
  • ftykifj"kn~ vius {ks= esadk;Zjrftykf'k{kk v/kh{kd ,oavuqeaMyf'k{kkinkf/kdkjhdsdk;ksZadslaca/k esadksbZHkhizfrosnujkT; ljdkjdksHkstldsxhrFkkvko';dvuq'kalkdjldsxhA
  • izkFkfedfo|ky;ksadsf'k{kddsfu;a=.k izkf/kdkjlacaf/krxzkeiapk;rgksxhAosxzkeiapk;rds v/khujgrsgq, viusdk;ksZadkfu"iknudjsaxsAekuolalk/kufodklfoHkkxmudklaoxZfu;a=.k izkf/kdkjcukjgsxkA
  • izkFkfedfo|ky;ksadsikjkf'k{kddsfu;a=.k izkf/kdkjlaca/k xzkeiapk;rgksaxhAlHkhikjkf'k{kdxzkeiapk;rds v/khujgrsgq, viusdk;ksZadkfu"iknudjsaxsA
slide29

izkFkfedfo|ky;ksadsf'k{kdksa dh lsok 'krZs@ykHkoghjgsaxs] tksfdxzkeiapk;rdksmudhlsoklkSaiuslsiwoZykxwfu;eksadsvuqlkjFksA

  • izkFkfedfo|ky;ksadsf'k{kdksadsfjDrinksadksHkjusdsfy, vko';ddkjZokbZdjusdkmÙkjnkf;Roekuolalk/kufodklfoHkkxdkgksxkA
  • lsokfuo`fr] fuyacu] R;kxi= vkfndsifj.kkelsf'k{kdksadsfjDrgq, inksadksHkjusdknkf;Roekuolalk/kufodklfoHkkxdkgksxkA
  • izkFkfedfo|ky;ksadsf'k{kdksa dh mifLFkfrdkizek.ku] NqfV~V;ksa dh eatwjhvkSj ;k=k dk;ZØeksadkvuqeksnuxzkeiapk;rdseqf[k;k }kjkfd;ktk,xkA
  • izkFkfedfo|ky;ksadsikjkf'k{kdksa dh mifLFkfrdkizek.kueqf[k;k }kjkfd;ktk,xkA
  • xzkeiapk;rvius {ks= dsizkFkfedfo|ky; dsf'k{kdksadksy?kqnaMnsus dh vuq'kalkftykf'k{kk v/kh{kdlsdjldsxhA
slide30

x- dks"k(Fund)

  • izkFkfedfo|ky;ksa dh izca/k lfefrdksgLrkarfjrdks"kiapk;rhjktlaLFkkvkas }kjki;Zosf{krgksaxsA
  • LFkkukarfjrdk;Zdykiksa@fo"k;ksalaca/khdk;Zdjrs le; iapk;rhjktlaLFkk;sa >kj[kaM ,oaHkkjrljdkjdsfoÙkh; fu;eksavkSjfn'kk&funsZ'kksa@fu.kZ;ksadkvuqlj.kdjsaxhA
  • foHkkxizeq[k@fudklh ,oa O;;u inkf/kdkjhLFkkukarfjrdeZpkfj;ksadsosruvkSjHkÙksvkgfjrdjuktkjh j[ksaxsALFkkukarfjrdeZpkfj;ksadsosrurFkkHkÙksiwokZuqlkjmlh [kkrslsvkgfjrfd, tkrsjgsaxsA
  • iz'kklhfoHkkxds }kjkvuVkbMQaMds :iesaizkFkfedf'k{kk dh jkT; izk;ksftr ;kstukvksads ;kstukctV dh jkf'kdkU;wureikapizfr”krjkf'k] tks fu/kkZfjrmn~O;; dsvUrxZrgksxh] ftykifj"kn~ dksmiyC/k djkbZtk;sxhA
  • bldks"klsyhtkus ;ksX; ;kstukvksa dh :ijs[kkiz'kklhfoHkkx }kjk fu/kkZfjr dh tk;sxhA
  • bljkf'kdk mica/k] vkoaVu ,oafudklhvkfn dh izfØ;kfoÙkfoHkkxdsijke'kZls fu/kkZfjr dh tk;sxhA
loklf iapk rksa ds vf kdkj oa drzo
LokLF; % iapk;rksadsvf/kdkj ,oadrZO;
  • mi&LokLF; dsanzesaLokLF; lfefrds v/;{k eqf[k;kgksaxsAmi eqf[k;kbldsmik/;{k gksaxsA
  • ,,u,edkslnL; lfpodknkf;RogksxkA
  • jk"Vªh; xzkeh.kLokLF; fe'kudsfØ;kUo;udsfy, gjiz[kaMesaiz[kaMLokLF; fe'kucuk;ktk,xkAiz[kaMizeq[k blds v/;{k gksaxsAvU; iapk;rizfrfuf/k HkhbllfefresagksaxsA
  • izkFkfedLokLF; dsanz ,oalkeqnkf;dLokLF; dsanzesajksxhdY;k.klfefrrFkkvLirkyizca/kulfefresaiapk;rksadkizfrfuf/kRogksxkA
  • lnjvLirky dh jksxhdY;k.klfefrrFkkvLirkyizca/kulfefresaftykifj"knlnL;ksadkizfrfuf/kRojgsxkA
slide32

iapk;resaLokLF; laca/khlHkhfo"k;ksadklosZ{k.kdjdsxzkeiapk;rlHkhvkadM+ksadkMkVkcslcukdjiapk;rlfefrdksHkstsxhA

  • xzkeiapk;rMkVkcsldsvk/kkjijiapk;rlfefr }kjkiz[kaMLrjh; MkVkcslrS;kjfd;ktk,xkA
  • iz[kaMLrjh; MkVkcsldsvk/kkjijftykifj"kn }kjkftykLrjh; MkVkcslcuk;ktk,xkA
  • xzkeLokLF;] LoPNrk ,oaiks"k.klfefrrFkk ,p,llhLokLF; lfefrdslg;ksxlsxzkeiapk;r }kjk ,d LokLF; ;kstukcuk;htk,xhA
slide33

iz[kaMizeq[k dh v/;{krkesalsfeukj ,oadk;Z'kkykdjdsxzkeLokLF; ;kstukvksaijfopkjfd;ktk,xkAlkeqnkf;dLokLF; dsanzdkiz[kaMdk;ZØeizca/kd ,slsvk;kstudkleUo;dgksxkAbldzeesaCykWdgsYFk ,D'kuIykucuk;ktk;sxkA

  • lHkhiz[kaMksadsCykWdgsYFk ,D'kuIykudsvk/kkjijftykifj"kn }kjkftykgsYFk ,D'kuIykucuk;ktk,xkAftykdk;ZØeizca/kdbldkleUo;dgksxkAftykifj"kn }kjkvuqeksnudscknblIykudksflfoyltZudsek/;e lsjkT; Lrjij ,uvkj,p,edksHkstktk,xkA
  • iapk;r] iz[kaMrFkkftykLrjijLokLF; laca/khfdlhvf/klajpukdsfuekZ.kgsrqmi;qDrtehudkp;uØe'k% xzkeiapk;r] iz[kaMlfefrrFkkftykifj"kn }kjkfd;ktk,xkAbudk;ksZesaLFkkuh; jktLo ,oaLokLF; dfeZ;ksadklg;ksxfeysxkA
slide34

LokLF; vf/klajpukvksads j[kj[kko] ejEer ,oalaj{k.kesaiapk;rizfrfuf/k;ksa dh HkwfedkgksxhA

  • ftysdsleqfpr {ks= esau;kvLirky [kksyusdslaca/k esaftykifj"kn }kjkvuq'kalk dh tk,xhA
  • iapk;rlfefrrFkkftykifj"kndks ;g vf/kdkjgksxkfdLokLF; foHkkxlaca/khfdlhfuekZ.kdk;Z ;k fdlhifjlEifRrdslaca/k esafdlhf'kdk;r dh tkapdjsAbldsfy, muds }kjk l{kerduhdhyksxksa dh lgk;rkyhtk,xhAbllaca/k esaiapk;rlfefrviuhfjiksVZflfoyltZu ;k ftykizkf/kdkjdksnsxhAftykifj"knviuhfjiksVZmik;qDrvFkokjkT; ljdkjdksnsxhA
slide35

LokLF; laca/khfofHkUudk;ZØeksa dh ;kstukcukus] izpkjizlkjrFkkfdz;kUo;uesaiapk;rjktlaLFkkvksa dh HkkxhnkjhgksxhAykHkqdksadsp;uesaHkhmudhHkwfedkgksxhA

  • LokLF; laca/khlkefxz;ksadsforj.k] LdwyksaesaLokLF; dk;ZØe] xzkeLokLF; ,oaiks"k.kfnolbR;kfnesaleUo; esaiapk;rksa dh HkwfedkgksxhA
  • LFkkuh; LokLF; dfeZ;ksa] ,,u,e] ulZ] lfg;kbR;kfndsdk;ksZdki;Zos{k.kxzkeiapk;r }kjkfd;ktk,xkA
  • iz[kaMLrjh; LokLF; dfeZ;ksa] MkDVj] ,,u,e] ulZ] ikjkesfMdydehZbR;kfndsdk;ksZdki;Zos{k.kiapk;rlfefr }kjkfd;ktk,xkA
  • ftykLrjh; LokLF; dfeZ;ksa] MkDVj] ,,u,e] ulZ] ikjkesfMdydehZ] ftykdk;ZØeizca/kubdkbZbR;kfndsdk;ksZdki;Zos{k.kftykifj"kn }kjkfd;ktk,xkA
slide36

xzkelHkkdsek/;e lsLokLF; lsokvksa dh leqnk; vk/kkfjrfuxjkuh] lks'kyvkWfMVrFkktulaokndjdsxzkeiapk;r }kjkbldhfjiksVZiapk;rlfefrdksHksthtk,xhA

  • iapk;rlfefrbuvk;kstuksadki;Zos{k.kdjsxhrFkkiapk;rksa dh fjiksVZdsvk/kkjijiz[kaMLrjh; vuq'kalkfjiksVZrS;kjdjsxhAiapk;rlfefr }kjk ,slsekeyksaesalq/kkjlaca/khleqfprdneHkhmBk,atk,axsA
  • lks'kyvkWfMVdsfy, ftykifj"kn ;kstukcuk,xh] bldki;Zos{k.kdjsxhA
  • ftykLrjh; leqnk; vk/kkfjrfuxjkuh ,oatulquokbZ dh v/;{krkftykifj"kn v/;{k }kjk dh tk,xhAblesavk;sekeyksaijleqfprlq/kkjlaca/khdnemBkus o ljdkjdksvuq'kalkHkstusdknkf;Roftykifj"kndksgksxkA
  • rhuksaLrj dh iapk;rksa }kjkckjgyk[k :i;sls de okf"kZdfcØhokysNksVs [kk| foØsrkvksadkfuca/kufd;ktk,xkA ;g dk;Z ,Q,l,l, ykbZlsal ,oafuca/kufu;ekoyhdsrgrfd;ktk,xkA
slide37

ftykLrjijLokLF; laca/khdfeZ;ksa dh fu;qfDrgsrqxfBrp;ulfefresaftykifj"kn v/;{k dkslnL; cuk;ktk,xkA

  • LFkkuh; LokLF; dfeZ;ksadsizf'k{k.klaca/khdk;ZØeksaesaiapk;rksa }kjki;Zos{k.k ,oalg;ksxfd;ktk,xkA
  • LokLF; mi&dsanzdslHkhdfeZ;ksadkosrueqf[k;k }kjkfuxZrmifLFkfrizek.ki= dsvk/kkjijfeysxkA
  • LokLF; mi dsanzdslHkhdfeZ;ksadsvkdfLedvodk'kdsfy, fpfdRlkinkf/kdkjh dh vuq'kalkdsvk/kkjijxzkeiapk;r }kjkeatwjhnhtk;sxhA
slide38

iz[kaMLrjh; LokLF; dfeZ;ksadsdk;ksZ ,oamifLFkfr dh fuxjkuhiz[kaMizeq[k }kjkdjdsftykLrjijfjiksVZHksthtk,xhA

  • iz[kaMLrjdsvjktif=r LokLF; dfeZ;ksadsvkdfLedvodk'kdsfy, fpfdRlkinkf/kdkjh dh vuq'kalkdsvk/kkjijiz[kaMizeq[k }kjkeatwjhnhtk,xhA
  • ftykLrjh; LokLF; dfeZ;ksadsdk;ksZ ,oamifLFkfr dh fuxjkuhftykifj"kn }kjkdjdsmik;qDr ,oaflfoyltZudksfjiksVZHksthtk,xhA
  • ftykLokLF; lkslkbVhdsrgrdk;ZjrLokLF; dfeZ;ksadsleqfprfu;kstudslaca/k esaftykifj"knlq>ko ns ldsxhA
  • LokLF;dfeZ;ksadkftysdsvanjLFkkukUrj.kdslaca/k esaftykifj"knviuklq>koftykLokLF; lkslkbZVhdks ns ldsxhA
slide39

mi LokLF; dsanzLrjijeqf[k;k dh v/;{krkesaxfBrLokLF; lfefrdksnlgtkj :i;sdkvuVkbMQaMrFkk mi LokLF; dsanzds j[kj[kkogsrqvuqnku dh jkf'kizkIrgksxhA

  • xzkeLokLF;] LoPNrk ,oaiks"k.klfefrds O;; dh fuxjkuhrFkkxzkegsYFk ,D'kuIykucukusdkvf/kdkjxzkeiapk;rdksgksxkA
  • iz[kaMLrjvuVkbMQaMrFkkvLirkyizca/kulfefrdsQaMdklnqi;ksxCykWdfe'kudsi;Zos{k.kesagksxkA
  • ftykvLirkyizca/kulkslkbZVhrFkkftykLokLF; lkslkbZVhds O;; dh fuxjkuhftykifj"kn }kjk dh tk,xhA
  • iapk;r] iz[kaM ,oaftykLrjijLokLF; laca/khlHkhdsanzksads O;; ,oays[kk dh fuxjkuhlacaf/krLrj dh iapk;rlaLFkk }kjk dh tk,xhA O;; laca/khfjiksVZdkslkoZtfudfd;ktk,xkAlHkhLrjksaijfoÙkh; leh{kk] vads{k.k] mi;ksfxrkizek.ki= bR;kfnlle; miyC/k djkusesaHkhiapk;rksa dh HkwfedkgksxhA
is ty lopnrk esa iapk r dh hkwfedk
is;ty] LoPNrkesaiapk;r dh Hkwfedk

ftykis;tyLoPNrkfe'ku¼Mh-MCyw-,l-,e-½

  • Mh-MCyw-,l-,e- ftysesa 'kklhfudk; dsrkSjijdk;ZdjsxhAftysesais;tyLoPNrklslacaf/krekeyksaijjkT; dsuhfrdsvykosesauhfrxrQSlysysxh] fØ;kUo;u dh izfØ;k rd djsxh] foÙkh; vkoaVudkslarq"VdjsxhrFkkMh-MCyw-,l-lh- dsizfrosnuijfopkjdjsxhA
  • ftykifj"knds v/;{k blfe”kuds v/;{k gksaxsAcSBdvk;ksftrdjukrFkk ,ts.Mkis”kdjukfe'ku v/;{k dh ftEesokjhgksxhA
  • mik;qDrblfe”kudsdk;Zdkjh v/;{k gksaxsA
  • Mh-MCyw-,l-lh- ftysesais;ty ,oaLoPNrklaca/khdk;ZØeksadksykxwdjusokykfudk; gSAjkT; ljdkj }kjkis;ty ,oaLoPNrkdk;ZØeksa dh jkf'kMh-MCyw-,l-,e- dksnhtkrhgSA
xzke is ty lopnrk lfefr oh mcyw l lh
xzkeis;tyLoPNrklfefr¼oh-MCyw-,l-lh-½
  • gjxkaoeas ,d xzkeis;tyLoPNrklfefr¼oh-MCyw-,l-lh-½ dkxBugksukgSA
  • blesaukSvFkokX;kjglnL; gksaxsA
  • bldslnL;ksadkp;uxzkelHkk dh fo'ks"kcSBdesagksxkA
  • xzkelHkk ,d tylfg;kdkHkhp;udjsxhA
  • tylfg;kefgykgksxhvkSj oh-MCY;w-,l-lh- dh dks"kk/;{k dsrkSjijdk;ZdjsxhA
  • ikuhHkjdleqnk; dh efgykdkslfg;kp;uesaizkFkfedrknhxbZgSA
  • oh-MCY;w-,l-lh- dslnL;ksaesa de ls de 50 QhlnhefgyklnL;ksadkgksukvfuok;ZgSA
xzke is ty lopnrk lfefr ds dk z
xzkeis;tyLoPNrklfefrdsdk;Z
  • yksxksadks [ksrksaesa “kkSpdsctk; ?kjksaesa 'kkSpky; cukusrFkklkoZtfudLFkyksaij 'kkSpky; cukusdsfy, izsfjrdjukA
  • 'kkSpky; fuekZ.kdslkFkghbldsfu;ferbLrsekydsfy, izsfjrdjukA
  • xkaoesa 24 ?kaVslkrksafnuis;tyvkiwfrZ dh ;kstukcukukvkSjykxwdjukA
  • xkaoesais;ty ,oaLoPNrk dh fLFkfrdkvkdyudjdsxkao dh vko';drkdsvuqlkjO;fDrxr 'kkSpky;ksa] lkoZtfud 'kkSpky;ksa] ?kj&?kjis;tyvkiwfrZlaca/kh ;kstukvksadsrgrykHkqdksadkp;udjdsizLrkocukukA
  • izLrkoftykis;tyLoPNrkfe'kudkslkSaistk;saxsA
  • izLrkodsvkyksdesaftykis;tyLoPNrkfe'ku dh vksjls oh-MCY;w-,l-lh- dscSad ,dkmaVesajkf'kmiyC/k djk;htk;xhA
  • oh-MCY;w-,l-lh- viuh ns[k&js[k esais;tyLoPNrklaca/khdk;ZØeksadksxkaoLrjijykxwdjsxhA
dukzvd dsjy o jktlfkku
dukZVd] dsjy o jktLFkku
  • lÙkkvkSj ;kstukvksadsfodsaæhdj.kdkvPNkmnkgj.kdukZVd] dsjy ,oajktLFkkujkT; dkgS-
  • f=Lrjh; iapk;rhjktO;oLFkkdksykxwfd;kgSA
  • 29 dk;ksaZesalsvf/kdrjdksiapk;rdkslkSaikx;kA
  • ftyk ;kstuklfefrdksçHkkohcuk;kgSA
  • >kj[kaMesaHkhftyksadksjkf'kfeyrhgS- ysfdu ;kstukvksals ca/ksgksrhgSaAbldsp;u ,oafdz;kUo;uesaLFkkuh; tuççfrfuf/k;ksa dh dksbZHkwfedkughagS] lcdqNÅijls r; gksrkgS-
slide44

dukZVd] dsjy ,oajktLFkku

  • jkT;] dsaæ ,oajkT; çk;ksftr ;kstukvksa dh jkf'kdsvykokftykifj’kndksvuVkbZMQaMfeyrkgSA
  • bl [kqyhjkf'kdksLFkkuh; tuçfrfuf/k LFkkuh; vko';drkvksadsvuq:i [kpZdjrsgSa-
  • >kj[kaMesaeaf=;ksadksftyk ;kstuklfefrdk v/;{k cuk;kx;kgS-
slide45

-dukZVd

  • lHkhftyksaesaftyk ;kstuklfefr ,oamilfefr;ksadkxBugqvkA
  • ftykifj"knds v/;{k ftyk ;kstuklfefrds v/;{k gksrsgSaA
  • bldhfu;fercSBdsagksrhgSa-
  • ftykLrjij ;kstukvksadklesdugksrkgS-
  • gjlkyyxHkxvkBgtkjdjksM+ #i;s rd jkf'kiapk;rhjktlaLFkkvksadksvkoafVr dh tkrhgS-
  • ;kstukvksadslkFk&lkFkvuVkbMQaMHkhfn;ktkrkgS-
  • 11ohavuqlwphdslHkh 29 dk;ksaZiapk;rhjktlaLFkkvksadkslkSaifn;kx;kgSA
  • bufoHkkxksadsfy, ;kstuk,acukuk ,oafØ;kUo;udslkFk&lkFkvf/kdkfj;ksa ,oadeZpkfj;ksaijiapk;rççfrfuf/k;ksadkfu;a=.k gS-
  • gjLrjijiapk;r ,oa 'kgjhfudk; dsçfrfuf/k;ksadsfy, vko';d la[;k esafo'ks"kKlykgdkjfu;qägSa-
slide46

dsjy

  • 29 esals 13 dk;Ziapk;rhjkt ,oa 'kgjhfudk; dkslkSaifn;sx;sgaS- blesa —f"k] i'kqikyu ,oaMs;jh] eRL; ikyu] lkekftdokfudh] xjhchmUewyu] lkoZtfudforj.k ,oaçk—frdvkink,a] y?kqflapkbZ] ÅtkZ] y?kqm|ksx] f'k{kkvkSj [ksy ,oalkaL—frekeys 'kkfeygSa-
  • lHkhftyksaesaftyk ;kstuklfefr ,oamilfefr;ksadkxBugqvkA
  • ftykiapk;rdk v/;{k ftyk ;kstuklfefrds v/;{k gksrkgSA
  • bldhfu;fercSBdsagksrhgSa- ftykLrjij ;kstukvksadklesdugksrkgS-
  • gjlkyctVdkyxHkx 22 çfr'krfgLlkiapk;rhjktlaLFkkvksadksvkoafVrfd;ktkrkgS-
  • ;kstukvksadslkFk&lkFkvuVkbMQaMHkhdjksM+ksaesagksrkgS- ftyk ;kstuklfefrdsfy, ftykLrjijvyxlfpoky; gS-
  • ftyksadsfy, vyxctVçko/kkugS-
slide47

jktLFkku

  • lHkh 32 ftyksaesaftyk ;kstuklfefrdkxBudjfn;kx;kgS-
  • ;gkafti v/;{k ftyk ;kstuklfefrds v/;{k gksrsgSaA
  • vkSjrhueghusesa de ls de ,d ckjcSBdvo'; gksrhgS
  • ftykLrjijxkao ,oa 'kgjdsfy, ;kstuk,acuk;htkrhgSavkSjljdkjQaMeqgS;kdjkrhgS-
  • lafo/kkuds 73 osa ,oa 74 osala'kks/kudsvuq:iiapk;r ,oa 'kgjhfudk; dsçfrfuf/k;ksadksO;kidvf/kdkjfn;sx;sgSa-
  • LFkkuh; fudk; viuslalk/kkuksadksviusvuqlkjmi;ksxdjrsgSa- ftykxzkeh.kfodklvfHkdj.kdkftykifj"knesafoy; djfn;kx;kgS-
  • çkFkfedf'k{kk] —f"k ,oa —f"kfoLrkj dh lHkhxfrfof/k;ka] gkV ,oacktkj] 300 gsDVs;j rd flapkbZ {kerkokysflapkbZlk/ku] efgyk ,oackyfodkl] lektdY;k.kvkfndk;Ziapk;rksadksgLrkarfjrdjfn;sx;sgaS-
  • gjftysdksgjlky ,d djksM+ #i;svuVkbMQaMds :iesafn;ktkrkgS- jkT; ljdkjlh/ksxzkeiapk;rdksjkf'kHkstrhgS-
  • [kfutinkFkksaZ dh j‚;YVhdk ,d çfr'kriapk;rksadksfn;ktkrkgS-
iapk rksa ds fy egroiw kz kstukvksa dh tkudkjh
iapk;rksadsfy, egRoiw.kZ ;kstukvksa dh tkudkjh
  • jk’Vzh; xzkeh.kLokLF; fe”ku
  • ekr` ,oaf”k”kqLokLF; dk;Zdze
  • eq[;ea=h tuuhf”k”kqLokLF; vfHk;ku
  • izfrj{k.kdk;Zdze] ,uhfe;kfu;a=.k dk;Zdze
  • uotkrf”k”kq ,oackY;dky dh chekfj;ksa dh lesfdr ns[kHkky
  • iYliksfy;ksdk;Zdze
  • Mk;fj;kfu;a=.k dk;Zdze
  • dSpvijkmaMdk;Zdze] ifjokjdY;k.kdk;Zdze
  • >kj[kaMjkT; chekjhlgk;rkfuf/k
  • fpfdRlkvuqnku ;kstuk
  • jk’Vzh; jksxokgd &osDVj& tfurjksxfu;a=.k dk;Zdze
  • iqujhf{krjk’Vzh; {k; fu;a=.k dk;Zdze
  • va/kkiufu;a=.k dk;Zdze
  • dq’Bfu;a=.k dk;Zdze] ,M~lfu;a=.k dk;Zdze

xzkeh.kfodkl

xzkeiz/kkudks’k

eujsxk

fdlkudzsfMVdkMZ

rljfodkldk;Zdze

lesfdrcatjHkwfefodkldk;Zdze

eslksifj;kstuk

Lo.kZt;arhxzkeLojkstxkj ;kstuk

laiw.kZxzkeh.kjkstxkj ;kstuk

bafnjkvkokl ;kstuk

slide50

lektdY;k.k

  • lesfdrckyfodklifj;kstuk& vkblhMh,l
  • nqykjj.kuhfr
  • dqiks’k.k ,oaLruikulaca/kh
  • vk;ksMhu;qDrued
  • foVkehu ,
  • Lo;afl)k dk;Zdze
  • eq[;ea=h dU;knku ;kstuk
  • lkbfdyforj.k ;kstuk
  • dkedkthefgykvksagsrqNk=kokl
  • fodykaxlgk;rkdk;Zdze
  • ckfydle`f) ;kstuk
  • varjtkrh; fookg ;kstuk

ty ,oaLoPNrk

laiw.kZLoPNrkvfHk;ku

Loty/kkjk ;kstuk

HkkjrfuekZ.kdk;Zdze

Rofjrxzkeh.ktyiwfrZ ;kstuk

f”k{kk

LokLF; Iyl

ckY;koLFkkizkFkfedf”k{kk& bZlhbZ

dLrwjckxka/khfo|ky;

dSaifo|ky;

jk’Vzh; ckfydkizkjafHkdf”k{kkdk;Zdze

slide51

iapk;refgyk ,oa ;qok “kfDrvfHk;ku

  • iapk;rbEikojesaV,dkmafVfcfyVhbalsafVoLdhe
  • jkthoxka/khiapk;rl”kfDrdj.kvfHk;ku
  • HkkjrfuekZ.klsod
  • iz/kkuea=h #jyMoyiesaVQsyksf”ki
  • >kj[kaMiapk;rgsYiykbu
slide52

xzkelHkkdkslfdz; djuk

  • iapk;r dh lajpuk] lalk/kuksa] dk;ksZaijidM+ cukuk
    • d`f’k ,oalektdY;k.kesafeysvf/kdkjksadkmi;ksx
    • eujsxkdkleqfprfdz;kUo;u
    • Ldwyesaf”k{kk] feM Ms fey] f”k{kd dh mifLFkfr
    • vkaxuckM+hesaforj.k] mifLFkfr
    • LokLF; dsanz
    • tuforj.k
    • ykHkqdksadkp;u
xzkelhkk
xzkelHkk
  • ;kstukrS;kjdjukA
  • ykHkkfFkZ;ksadkp;uA
  • mi;ksfxrkçek.ki= nsukA
  • ys[kktks[kk ,oaokf"kZdçxfr&çfrosnu dh LohÑfrnsukA
  • xzkedks"kdkxBudjuk
  • Je dks"k
  • oLrqdks"k
  • uxndks"k
  • vUudks"k
xzke iapk r ds vf kdkj
xzkeiapk;rdsvf/kdkj
  • xzkeLrj dh ;kstukdksladfyrdjiapk;rlfefrdsikl j[kukA
  • 29 foHkkxksa dh ;kstukrS;kjdjokuktSls %&
  • f'k{kk
  • LokLF;
  • jkstxkj
  • lkekftdlqj{kk
  • iapk;rksadsvk; dslzksr
  • i;kZoj.k
iapk r lfefr ds vf kdkj
iapk;rlfefrdsvf/kdkj
  • xzkeiapk;rLrj dh ;kstukvksadksladfyrdjftykifj"kndksnsukA
  • varjiapk;rksadsfy, ;kstukcukukA
  • iapk;rlfefrdsfuf/k dkxBudjukA
ftyk ifj kn
ftykifj"kn
  • 25 yk[k rd dh ;kstukcukukA
  • iapk;rlfefr dh ;kstukvksadksladfyrdj ;kstuklfefrdksnsukA
  • ftykLrjh; ;kstukvksadksrS;kj j[kukA
  • ;kstuk dh fuxjkuh j[kukA