PHENYLKETONURIA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

phenylketonuria n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
PHENYLKETONURIA PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
PHENYLKETONURIA

play fullscreen
1 / 10
PHENYLKETONURIA
265 Views
Download Presentation
bian
Download Presentation

PHENYLKETONURIA

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. PHENYLKETONURIA Stephanie Holton

  2. Phenylketonuria Genotype: • Mutuation of the enzyme, phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) Phenotype: • Mental Retardation, Seizures, Fair Skin, “Mousy Odor” & Eczema.

  3. Phenylketonuria PAH Gene- • Location: chromosome 12q22-24 • Length: 79,278 bp’s (13 exons) • Over 450 mutations in the gene have been identified in patients with PKU.

  4. Phenylketonuria Normal PAH gene function- • Responsible for the first step in processing the amino acid phenylalanine. • Also, necessary for the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.

  5. Phenylketonuria

  6. Phenylketonuria Conserved Domains- 1) ACT: (35-109) regulatory role 2) euPHeOH: (119-424) • Catalyzes the first and rate-limiting step in the metabolism of phenylalanine • Location of PAH mutation in PKU

  7. Phenylketonuria PAH Mutation- • Most common is located at position 408 • A substitution of an Arginine with a Tryptophan(Arg408Trp).

  8. Phenylketonuria Aberrant Function- • Reduces the activity of phenylalanine hydroxylase • Phenylalanine ingested in foods cannot be metabolized and accumulates to toxic levels in the bloodstream and other tissues

  9. Phenylketonuria Aberrant Phenotype- • The increased levels of Phenylalanine can cause brain damage, if left untreated. • Tyrosine- necessary for production of certain neurotransmitters & melanin (in hair in skin)

  10. References http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/dispomim.cgi?id=261600 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=gene&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=full_report&list_uids=5053 http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/gene=pah