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H1N1 Update. Mary Beth Koza, Director Department of Environment, Health & Safety mbkoza@ehs.unc.edu 919-843-5913 02/11/2010. H1N1 Information – The Basics. Mild to severe respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses

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h1n1 update

H1N1 Update

Mary Beth Koza, Director

Department of Environment, Health & Safety




h1n1 information the basics
H1N1 Information – The Basics

Mild to severe respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses

Seasonal flu:5-20% population ill; >200,000 hospitalized; 36,000 deaths

Spreads by coughing/sneezing (respiratory droplets); touching surface then mouth, nose

Infectious 1 day before symptoms, up to 7 days after becoming ill

Symptoms: fever or chills, headache, fatigue, muscle aches, dry cough, sore throat, runny/stuffy nose, N & V, diarrhea

high risk for complications
High Risk for Complications

Asthma, diabetes and other metabolic disorders

immune-suppression from medications (cancer drugs, oral steroids)

HIV, or other diseases

chronic diseases of the heart (not high blood pressure)

neuromuscular, lung, liver, or kidney,

pregnant women,

adults 65 years and older,

children younger than five years old,

persons younger than 19 yrs old who are on chronic aspirin therapy, extreme obesity.

if you have flu like illness
If you have flu like Illness

Do not go to work or attend classes (stay home )

Stay home until 24 hours after your fever is gone off of drugs that lower fever (except to seek medical care)

Avoid contact with others to the extent possible

Take acetaminophen (e.g., Tylenol) for fever

Drink plenty of fluids

national h1n1 outlook
National H1N1 Outlook

155 million vaccine doses produced to date.

120 million doses shipped to 70,000 locations across U.S.

70 million people in the U.S. vaccinated. (23%)

Largest group vaccinated - children to 18 years. (37%)

Nearly all the current viruses circulating now are H1N1.

No seasonal flu in any significant numbers.

H1N1 virus not shifting or changing. (same basic strain)

estimates of u s h1n1 deaths hospitalizations april dec 2009
Estimates of U.S. H1N1 Deaths/Hospitalizations April - Dec. 2009

80 million people infected.

246,000 H1N1-related hospitalizations.

11,160 2009 H1N1-related deaths.

CDC Estimates of 2009 H1N1 Influenza Cases, Hospitalizations and Deaths in the United States, April – December 12, 2009

pandemic emergency response team
Pandemic Emergency Response Team

University H1N1 Pandemic Team



Human Resources

Student Affairs/

Campus Health


Medical Expertise

unc h1n1 response
UNC H1N1 Response

Received 18,000 H1N1 vaccine doses (10/09 – 2/10)

Held 48 campus open clinics

19 different locations (Eight residence halls)

Also available at CHS and UEOHC daily

Six more clinics scheduled to support state-wide promotional campaign by the NC Division of Public Health.

Vaccinated 10,169 students/employees as of 2/7/10

19 seasonal flu clinics (9/22- 10/23)

5378+ employees vaccinated for seasonal flu

pandemic emergency response committee actions
Pandemic Emergency Response Committee Actions

Committee members on conference call every 3 weeks.

Continuous contact between EHS, UEOHC and CHS evaluating campus ILI activity and vaccination efforts.

Continuous contact with Orange County Health Dept.

Continuous surveillance of national H1N1 activity.

what is ahead for h1n1
What is ahead for H1N1

Many people believe the outbreak is over and I think it is too soon for us to have that complacency," Dr. Anne Schuchat of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention told reporters in a telephone briefing. "This pandemic isn't over yet.“

Harvard poll found that 44 percent of Americans believe the H1N1 flu outbreak is over, that 40 percent of parents had gotten the vaccine for their children and 13 percent more planned to.

what is ahead for h1n11
What is ahead for H1N1

World Health Organization to convene its emergency end of February to examine whether the H1N1 flu pandemic has peaked.

Even if the WHO decided the pandemic had peaked, the virus remained active, causing disease and death, and could continue to flare up in some regions, as it had done recently in West Africa.

h1n1 seasonal influenza websites
H1N1 & Seasonal Influenza Websites